Suiyo Seamount is a seamount (submarine volcano) off the eastern coast of Japan, directly south of Torishima and Sofugan volcano at the southern tip of the Izu Islands. The volcano is one of the Shichiyo Seamounts, a small group of submarine volcanoes named after different days of the week ("Suiyo" means "Wednesday" in Japanese).
|Summit depth||1,418 m (4,652 ft)|
|Height||~1,400 m (4,593 ft)|
|Country||Izu Islands, Japan|
|Type||Seamount (submarine volcano)|
|Volcanic arc/chain||Shichiyo Seamounts|
Suiyo consists of a basaltic to dacitic submarine caldera and lava dome, and rises about 1,400 m (4,590 ft) from its base on the sea floor to within 1,418 m (4,652 ft) of the surface. Suiyo has a prominent summit caldera, 1.5 km (0.9 mi) wide and 500 m (1,640 ft) deep.
The volcano's excised (weathered) structure suggests that it is of older age then some of the other volcanoes in the group. Suiyo is covered by a thick sediment cap, a feature that collects over a long span of inactivity, and fault patterns and valleys have been observed on its flanks.
Suiyo Seamount is associated with a magnetic anomaly: ocean-floor surveys of it and the surrounding area found that a large negative rock body existed to the east of the seamount, while positive bodies existed to the northwest and south. The reasons for this complex anomaly, which also exists in several other nearby seamounts, is unknown, but is suggested to be the result of interactions between different magnetic fields of different ages.
A burst of hydrothermal activity was observed in July 1991, raising water temperatures at the vent to 290 °C (550 °F); following the event, the volcano, until then thought extinct, was reclassified as active by the Japan Meteorological Agency. A bathymetric survey of the volcano found sulfur-oxidizing microbes to be predominant, and concluded that Suiyo Seamount was a natural "incubator" for this bacterial type.
- "Suiyo Seamount". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Makoto Yuasa; Fumitoshi Murakami; Eiji Saito & Kazuaki Watanabe (1991). "Submarine topography of seamounts on the volcanic front of Izu-Ogasawara (Bonin) Arc" (PDF). Bulletin of the Geological Society of Japan. Geological Society of Japan. 42 (12): 703–743. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Michinari Sunamura; Yowsuke Higashi; Chiwaka Miyako; Jun-ichiro Ishibashi & Akihiko Maruyama (February 2004). "Two Bacteria Phylotypes Are Predominant in the Suiyo Seamount Hydrothermal Plume". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. American Society for Microbiology. 70 (2): 1190–1198. doi:10.1128/AEM.70.2.1190-1198.2004. PMC 348851. Retrieved 10 October 2010.