Sudhakarrao Naik

Sudhakarrao Rajusing Naik (21 August 1934 – 10 May 2001) was an Indian politician from Indian National Congress party who served as Chief Minister of Maharashtra from 25 June 1991 until 22 February 1993 following the communal riots.

Sudhakarrao Naik
11th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
25 June 1991 – 22 February 1993
Preceded bySharad Pawar
Succeeded bySharad Pawar
10th Governor of Himachal Pradesh
In office
30 July 1994 – 17 September 1995
Preceded byViswanathan Ratnam
Succeeded byMahabir Prasad
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Washim
In office
Preceded byPundlikrao Ramji Gawali
Succeeded byBhavana Pundlikrao Gawali
Member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
for Pusad
In office
1978 – 22 February 1993
Personal details
Born(1934-08-21)21 August 1934
Gahuli, Hyderabad State, British India
Died10 May 2001(2001-05-10) (aged 66)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Political partyIndian National Congress


He started his political career from his rural base as Sarpanch or village head. He was Member of Legislative Assembly for Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha from Pusad (Vidhan Sabha constituency) 5 times winning elections of 1978, 1980, 1985, 1990 and 1999 elections.[1] He was the Chief Minister during the Mumbai riots of 1992-1993.

He became the Chief Minister of Maharashtra on 25 June 1991. His tenure was notorious for the "severe failure" to control the Bombay riots. The Justice Srikrishna Commission blames the "effete political leadership" of the Congress(I) Government headed by Sudhakarrao Naik and the police force, whose "built-in bias" against Muslims "became more pronounced with murderous attacks on the constabulary and officers." The commission held that Sudhakarrao Naik "failed to act promptly and effectively and give clear-cut directives.".[2]

Mr Naik's tenure as Chief Minister was also noted for his attempt to destroy the clout of the Mumbai Underworld and bring them under the aegis of the law. He arrested the well-known gangsters Pappu Kalani, MLA from Ulhasnagar, and Bhai Thakur (elder brother of gangster-MLA Hitendra Thakur, and he started to destroy their money and muscle power.[3]

However, politically, his differences with Sharad Pawar grew, and ultimately he had to resign. At one point, Sudhakarrao made a statement that Sharad Pawar had asked him to "go easy on Pappu Kalani".[4]

He is also remembered for his work in water conservation.

He served as governor of Himachal Pradesh from 30 July 1994 to 17 September 1995.[5] In 1998, he was elected as Member of parliament to the 12th Lok Sabha from Washim (Lok Sabha constituency).[6]


  1. ^ "Elections results analysis 1978–2004". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
  2. ^ "The Shiv Sena indicted". Frontline.
  3. ^ Dionne Bunsha (17 December 2004). "The States: Dons in a new role". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  4. ^ Gouri Shah (11 October 2004). "The F-factor: Kalani certain of clean sweep". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 25 October 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2007.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Sharad Pawar
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
25 June 1991 – 22 February 1993
Succeeded by
Sharad Pawar