Stuart Jonathan Russell OBE (born 1962) is a British computer scientist known for his contributions to artificial intelligence (AI).[5][3] He is a professor of computer science at the University of California, Berkeley and was from 2008 to 2011 an adjunct professor of neurological surgery at the University of California, San Francisco.[6][7] He holds the Smith-Zadeh Chair in Engineering at University of California, Berkeley.[8] He founded and leads the Center for Human-Compatible Artificial Intelligence (CHAI) at UC Berkeley.[9] Russell is the co-author with Peter Norvig of the authoritative textbook of the field of AI: Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach used in more than 1,500 universities in 135 countries.[10]

Stuart Russell
Stuart Russell in 2019
Stuart Jonathan Russell

1962 (age 61–62)
Portsmouth, England
CitizenshipBritish; American
Alma materUniversity of Oxford (BA)
Stanford University (PhD)
Known forArtificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach
Scientific career
FieldsArtificial Intelligence[3]
ThesisAnalogical and Inductive Reasoning (1987)
Doctoral advisorMichael Genesereth[4]
Doctoral students
Other notable students Edit this at Wikidata

Education and early life


Russell was born in Portsmouth, England. He attended St Paul's School, London, where he was 1st scholar. He studied physics at Wadham College, Oxford, and was awarded his Bachelor of Arts degree with first-class honours in 1982. He moved to the United States to complete his PhD in computer science at Stanford University in 1986 for research on inductive reasoning and analogical reasoning supervised by Michael Genesereth.[4][11] His PhD was supported by a NATO studentship from the UK Science and Engineering Research Council.[11]

Career and research


After his 1986 PhD, he joined the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley as a professor of computer science.[12] From 2008 to 2011 he also held an appointment as adjunct professor of Neurological Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco, where he pursued research in computational physiology and intensive-care unit monitoring.[6][7] He is also an Honorary Fellow at Wadham College, Oxford.[8] His research in the area of Artificial Intelligence (AI)[13] includes contributions to machine learning,[14] probabilistic reasoning, knowledge representation, planning, real-time decision making, multitarget tracking, computer vision,[15] and inverse reinforcement learning.[9] He has also been an active participant in the movement to ban the manufacture and use of autonomous weapons.[16][17]

In 2016, he founded the Center for Human-Compatible Artificial Intelligence at UC Berkeley, with co-principal investigators Pieter Abbeel, Anca Dragan, Tom Griffiths, Bart Selman, Joseph Halpern, Michael Wellman and Satinder Singh Baveja.[18] Russell has published several hundred conference and journal articles[6][19][20] as well as several books, including The Use of Knowledge in Analogy and Induction and Do the Right Thing: Studies in Limited Rationality (with Eric Wefald).[15][21] Along with Peter Norvig, he is the author of Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach,[22] a textbook used by over 1,500 universities in 135 countries.[23] He is on the Scientific Advisory Board for the Future of Life Institute[24] and the advisory board of the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk.[25]

In 2017 he collaborated with the Future of Life Institute to produce a video, Slaughterbots, about swarms of drones assassinating political opponents, and presented this to a United Nations meeting about the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.[26][27]

In 2018 he contributed an interview to the documentary Do You Trust This Computer?.[28]

His book, Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control, was published by Viking on 8 October 2019.[29] His work is aligned with Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence themes. His former doctoral students include Marie desJardins, Eric Xing and Shlomo Zilberstein.[4]

Russell gave the 2021 Reith Lectures, broadcast on BBC Radio 4, on Living with Artificial Intelligence[2][30] with lectures on "The Biggest Event in Human History",[31] "AI in warfare",[32] "AI in the economy"[33] and "AI: A Future for Humans".[34]

In March 2023, Russel signed an open letter from the Future of Life Institute calling for "all AI labs to immediately pause for at least 6 months the training of AI systems more powerful than GPT-4". The letter has been signed by over 30,000 individuals, including AI researchers such as Yoshua Bengio and Gary Marcus.[35][36]

Awards and honors


Russell was co-winner, in 1995, of the IJCAI Computers and Thought Award at the International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence, the premier international award in artificial intelligence for researchers under 35.[37] In 2022, he received the IJCAI Award for Research Excellence, only the second person (after Hector Levesque) to win both of IJCAI's main research awards. He is a fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI),[1] elected in 1997, the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)[38] (2003) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2011).[39] In 2005, he was awarded the ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award.[40] In 2012, he was appointed to the Blaise Pascal Chair in Paris, awarded to "internationally acclaimed foreign scientists in all disciplines," as well as the senior Chaire d'excellence of France's Agence Nationale de la Recherche.[41]

Russell served as vice chair of the World Economic Forum's Council on AI and Robotics and is currently a member of its Global AI Council. Other awards he has received include the National Science Foundation's Presidential Young Investigator Award, the World Technology Award, the Mitchell Prize, and the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Outstanding Educator Award.[15] He was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2021 Birthday Honours for services to artificial intelligence research.[42]


  1. ^ a b "Elected AAAI Fellows".
  2. ^ a b Russell, Stuart (2021). "Living with Artificial Intelligence - BBC Radio 4". BBC.
  3. ^ a b Russell, Stuart; Hauert, Sabine; Altman, Russ; Veloso, Manuela (2015). "Robotics: Ethics of artificial intelligence". Nature. 521 (7553): 415–418. Bibcode:2015Natur.521..415.. doi:10.1038/521415a. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 26017428.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Stuart J. Russell at the Mathematics Genealogy Project  
  5. ^ Russell, Stuart J.; Tegmark, Max; Hawking, Stephen; Wilczek, Frank (2014). "Transcending Complacency on Superintelligent Machines".
  6. ^ a b c Stuart J. Russell publications indexed by Google Scholar  
  7. ^ a b Stuart Russell's ORCID 0000-0001-5252-4306
  8. ^ a b "Stuart Russell". Berkeley EECS. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  9. ^ a b "UC Berkeley launches Center for Human-Compatible Artificial Intelligence". Berkeley University of California. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  10. ^ "1542 Schools Worldwide That Have Adopted AIMA". Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  11. ^ a b Russell, Stuart Jonathan (1987). Analogical and Inductive Reasoning. (PhD thesis). Stanford University. OCLC 19777975. ProQuest 303637665. (subscription required)
  12. ^ "Stuart Russell's Resumé, Professor of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California, Berkeley". Retrieved 1 August 2011.
  13. ^ Russell, Stuart (2017). "Artificial intelligence: The future is superintelligent". Nature. 548 (7669): 520–521. Bibcode:2017Natur.548..520R. doi:10.1038/548520a. ISSN 0028-0836.
  14. ^ Polonski, Vyacheslav (25 May 2018). "Here's Why AI Can't Solve Everything". The Conversation. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  15. ^ a b c "Stuart J. Russell". Berkeley EECS. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  16. ^ Markoff, John (12 May 2016). "Pentagon Turns to Silicon Valley for Edge in Artificial Intelligence". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  17. ^ "Ban on killer robots urgently needed, say scientists". The Guardian. 13 November 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  18. ^ "UC Berkeley launches Center for Human-Compatible Artificial Intelligence". 29 August 2016.
  19. ^ Stuart J. Russell at DBLP Bibliography Server  
  20. ^ "Stuart Russell Publications". Berkeley EECS. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  21. ^ "Professor Stuart Russell - The Long-Term Future of (Artificial) Intelligence". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  22. ^ Russell, Stuart J.; Norvig, Peter (2010). Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall. ISBN 9780136042594. OCLC 1041391921.
  23. ^ "Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach",, University of California, Berkeley, 2013, retrieved 6 July 2015
  24. ^ Who We Are, Future of Life Institute, 2014, archived from the original on 7 May 2014, retrieved 7 May 2014
  25. ^ Who We Are, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, 2014, archived from the original on 18 July 2014, retrieved 1 August 2014
  26. ^ Sample, Ian (13 November 2017), "Ban on killer robots urgently needed, say scientists", The Guardian
  27. ^ Anon (14 December 2017), "Military robots are getting smaller and more capable", The Economist
  28. ^ "Meet the experts". Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  29. ^ Russell, Stuart (8 October 2019). Human Compatible : Artificial intelligence and the question of control. [S.l.]: Viking. ISBN 978-0525558613. OCLC 1083694322.
  30. ^ Murgia, Madhumita (29 November 2021). "AI weapons pose threat to humanity, warns top scientist". Financial Times. Retrieved 1 December 2021.
  31. ^ Russell, Stuart (1 December 2021). "The Biggest Event in Human History". London: BBC. I think what's happening in social media is already worse than Chernobyl, it has caused a huge amount of dislocation
  32. ^ Russell, Stuart (8 December 2021). "AI in warfare". London: BBC.
  33. ^ Russell, Stuart (15 December 2021). "AI in the economy". London: BBC.
  34. ^ Russell, Stuart (22 December 2021). "AI: A Future for Humans". London: BBC.
  35. ^ "An Open Letter Asks AI Researchers To Reconsider Responsibilities". Science Friday. Retrieved 1 July 2024.
  36. ^ "Pause Giant AI Experiments: An Open Letter". Future of Life Institute. Retrieved 1 July 2024.
  37. ^ "International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence – Awards".
  38. ^ "ACM Fellows – ACM Award".
  39. ^ "About AAAS". Archived from the original on 13 January 2012.
  40. ^ "Professor Stuart J Russell – Award Winner". Archived from the original on 2 October 2012.
  41. ^ Anon (2012). "Programme : " Chaires d'Excellence "" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2014.
  42. ^ "No. 63377". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 June 2021. p. B25.