Strobilanthes

Strobilanthes is a genus of about 350 species[1] of flowering plants in the family Acanthaceae, mostly native to tropical Asia and Madagascar, but with a few species extending north into temperate regions of Asia. Many species are cultivated for their two-lipped, hooded flowers in shades of blue, pink, white and purple. Most are frost-tender and require protection in frost-prone areas.[2]

Strobilanthes
Starr 021122 0080 strobilanthes sp.jpg
Strobilanthes species, cultivated in Hawaii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Subfamily: Acanthoideae
Tribe: Ruellieae
Genus: Strobilanthes
Blume
Species

See text.

Synonyms
  • Adenacanthus Nees
  • Diflugossa Bremek.
  • Goldfussia Nees
Strobilanthes cusia (Chinese rain bell)

Selected speciesEdit

 
Strobilanthes dyeriana (cultivated)

Strobilanthes atropurpurea is a temperate species, native to eastern Siberia; it is cultivated for its purple flowers.

Strobilanthes dyeriana (Persian shield) is a tropical plant native to Myanmar. It is grown for its dark green foliage with bright, metallic-purple stripes radiating outward from the central leaf vein. In proper conditions, it will also produce pale purple flowers. Persian Shield grows best outdoors in USDA zones 9 and 10, although it can survive in other zones as a houseplant given sufficient temperature, soil moisture and humidity. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

Strobilanthes species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaracus, which has been recorded on S. callosa.

There is currently (December 2017) a database conflict about the status of Pachystrobilus involucratus, with the Catalogue of Life placing the species in this genus.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Moylan, Elizabeth C.; Bennett, Jonathan R.; Carine, Mark A.; Olmstead, Richard G.; Scotland, Robert W. (2004). "Phylogenetic relationships among Strobilanthes s.l. (Acanthaceae): evidence from ITS nrDNA, trnL-F cpDNA, and morphology" (PDF). American Journal of Botany. American Journal of Botany, Inc. 91 (5): 724–735. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.5.724. PMID 21653427. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Strobilanthes dyeriana". Retrieved 5 July 2013.
  4. ^ Roskov Y.; Kunze T.; Orrell T.; Abucay L.; Paglinawan L.; Culham A.; Bailly N.; Kirk P.; Bourgoin T.; Baillargeon G.; Decock W.; De Wever A. (2014). Didžiulis V. (ed.). "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2014 Annual Checklist". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Retrieved 1 December 2017.

External linksEdit