Stits SA-2A Sky Baby

The Stits SA-2A Sky Baby was a homebuilt aircraft designed for the challenge of claiming the title of "The World's Smallest".[1]

SA-2A Sky Baby
STITS-SA2A.jpg
Sky Baby on display
Role Homebuilt aircraft
National origin United States
Designer Ray Stits
First flight 26 May 1952
Number built 1

Design and developmentEdit

The Sky Baby was designed by Ray Stits and built with Bob Starr as a follow-on to the Stits Junior midget racer. The aircraft is an enclosed single engine negative staggered cantilevered biplane with conventional landing gear. The fuselage is constructed of welded steel tubing with aircraft fabric covering. The upper wings have flaps, the lower wings have ailerons. Most aircraft use a flat firewall between the engine and pilot's feet, the Skybaby is configured with the pilot sitting with the engine close to the lap, and rudder pedals located under the oil sump toward the front of the cowling.[2] The powerplant was a sourced from an ERCO Ercoupe, modified with water injection to produce 112 hp (84 kW).[3]

Operational historyEdit

 
Stits SA-2A on display at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center
 
Stits Sky Baby loaded with room to spare in the Smithsonian's transport trailer at the Stephen Udvar Hazy Center

The aircraft was test flown by Bob Starr on 26 May 1952 at Palm Springs, California. The short coupled aircraft was originally built with tricycle landing gear, which was dropped in favor of the lighter tailwheel arrangement. The aircraft required a 170 lb (77 kg) pilot to remain within the center of gravity and was only flown by pilots Starr and Lester Cole that met the criteria. The landing procedure uses 125 mph (201 km/h) entry patterns, with 80 mph (129 km/h) on final approach, and 55 mph (89 km/h) touchdown speeds. The aircraft performed publicity flights to promote an airshow act. It was retired in October 1952 after 25 hours of flight time.[4]

The aircraft was eventually donated to the National Air and Space Museum for display.[2] Ray Stits was a mechanic and Second World War fighter pilot, but claimed he was not an engineer. He went on to develop several home-built designs, including the Stits SA-3A Playboy, which would be the basis for the VanGrunsven RV-1 and thousands of Van's Aircraft.[5]

Aircraft on displayEdit

The Sky Baby was on display at the EAA Airventure Museum in Oshkosh, Wisconsin on loan from the National Air and Space Museum.[6] Sky Baby has since been returned to the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center of the National Air and Space Museum.[citation needed]

Specifications (SA-2A)Edit

Data from Sport Aviation

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 9 ft 10 in (3.00 m)
  • Wingspan: 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m)
  • Height: 5 ft (1.5 m)
  • Wing area: 36.5 sq ft (3.39 m2)
  • Empty weight: 452 lb (205 kg)
  • Gross weight: 666 lb (302 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 5 U.S. gallons (19 L; 4.2 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental C85 four cylinder, four-stroke, aircraft engine with water injection, 112 hp (84 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed aluminum

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 190 kn (220 mph, 350 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 143 kn (165 mph, 266 km/h)
  • Stall speed: 52 kn (60 mph, 97 km/h)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stits Sky Baby". Retrieved 16 July 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Sky Baby". Flying Magazine: 12. November 1952.
  3. ^ Murray, Elizabeth J. (November 2002). "Flying flashback | 50 years ago...". Flying Magazine: 120.
  4. ^ "A Man and His Aircraft - The Real Story of the Ray Stits Junior and Sky Baby aircraft as told by Ray Stits himself". Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  5. ^ Pew, Glenn (27 March 2012). "Van's "RV-1" -- The First Of The Breed". AVweb. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Flying flashback | 40 years ago". Flying Magazine: 24. November 1992.