Stig H:son Ericson

Admiral Stig (Hansson) H:son Ericson (12 July 1897 – 8 January 1985) was a Swedish Navy naval officer. He was Chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1950 to 1953 and the Chief of the Navy from 1953 to 1961. After retiring from the Navy in 1961, Ericson held court offices in the Royal Court of Sweden. He was First Marshal of the Court from 1962 to 1973 and Marshal of the Realm from 1966 to 1976.

Stig H:son Ericson
Admiral Stig Hson Ericson.jpg
Nickname(s)Stig (Hansson) H:son Ericson
Born(1897-07-12)12 July 1897
Stockholm, Sweden
Died8 January 1985(1985-01-08) (aged 87)
Buried
AllegianceSweden
Service/branchSwedish Navy
Years of service1918–1961
RankAdmiral
Commands held
Other workFirst Marshal of the Court
Marshal of the Realm

CareerEdit

 
Chief of the Navy, Vice Admiral Ericsson (left) and Chief of Danish Navy Staff, Vice Admiral Hans Alfred Nyholm in 1955.

Ericson was born on 12 July 1897 in Stockholm, Sweden, the son of rear admiral Hans Ericson and his wife Elin (née Gadelius). He passed studentexamen in 1915[1] and became an naval officer and acting sub-lieutenant in the Swedish Navy in 1918. Ericson served at the Naval Staff from 1926 to 1932.[2] Ericson was a teacher at the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College from 1928 to 1938 and served as a naval assistant at the Board of Telecommunications Services (Telegrafstyrelsen) from 1929 to 1932.[2]

Ericson completed the staff course at the École Superieure de Guerre Navale in Paris from 1930 to 1931 when he was promoted to lieutenant and was then flag adjutant of the Chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1932 to 1936.[3] He was commanding officer of the 3rd Destroyer Division (3. jagardivisionen) in 1936 and of HSwMS Stockholm from 1937 to 1938.[3] During this time Ericson also served in the Naval Staff from 1936 to 1938 when he was promoted to commander.[4] Ericson was head of Naval Operations Department in the Defence Staff from 1939 to 1942 and captain of the coastal defence ship HSwMS Drottning Victoria from 1942 to 1943[4] when he was promoted to captain and was appointed chief of staff.[2]

He was appointed flag captain in 1943 and was head of the Weapons Department at the Royal Swedish Naval Materiel Administration from 1944 to 1945[2][4] when he was promoted to rear admiral and appointed vice chief there the same year. Ericson left the position in 1950 when he was appointed Chief of the Coastal Fleet which he was until 1953. He was promoted to vice admiral in 1953 when he was appointed Chief of the Navy. The period after the end of the World War II was marked by rapid technological development towards new fire-control systems, missiles and an increasingly powerful aircraft. The different armed services representatives were constantly engaged in a battle of division of the military government funding. For Ericson it was clear early on that the days of the coastal defence ship were over, and in connection with the Defence Act of 1958, he submitted Marinplan 60 ("Naval Plan 60"), which was based on the Swedish Navy being converted to more but smaller ships.[5]

He left the position of Chief of the Navy and retired from the navy in 1961 and was at the same time promoted to full admiral.[2] Ericson had previously served within the Royal Court of Sweden as adjutant of Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf in 1937 and as Chief Adjutant of His Majesty the King Gustaf VI Adolf from 1950 to 1973. After retiring from the navy in 1961, he became the First Marshal of the Court the year after. He served in that position until 1973 and as Marshal of the Realm from 1970 to 1976 (acting 1966 to 1969).[6][7]

Other workEdit

Ericson was an expert in 1930 and the 1945 Defense Commission, secretary of the 1936 Ship Class Investigation and the investigation into the Coast Guard in 1941.[6] He was a member of the Council of the Factory Board (Fabrikstyrelsens råd) and the Defence Research Council (Försvarets forskningsnämnd) from 1943 to 1945.[8] Ericson was a board member of the Swedish National Defence Research Institute from 1945 to 1950, chairman of the Swedish Board for Computing Machinery from 1948 to 1950, chairman of Vegetebolagen from 1949 to 1957 and vice chairman of the board of the Maritime Museum from 1948 to 1950.[6]

Furthermore, Ericson was chairman of Svenska Dagbladet's Foundation from 1962 to 1967, of the Carnegiestiftelsen from 1967 to 1979 and of the Prins Eugens Waldemarsudde from 1966 to 1976. He was a board member of the AB Marabou from 1951 to 1975, of the AB Turitz & Co from 1958 to 1970 and of the Stockholms Enskilda Bank from 1968 to 1970. Ericson was chairman of the Council for Socioeconomic Issues (Rådet för samhällsekonomiska frågor) from 1970 to 1979.[6]

Personal lifeEdit

 
Ericsson's grave at Galärvarvskyrkogården in Stockholm.

In 1921 he married Barbro Almström (1901–1993), the daughter of factory manager Harald Almström and his wife Agda (née Norinder).[2] He was the father of Barbro Stigsdotter (born 1922).[4] Ericsson died in 1985 and was buried at Galärvarvskyrkogården in Stockholm.

Dates of rankEdit

Awards and decorationsEdit

SwedishEdit

ForeignEdit

HonoursEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Ericson, Stig H:son (1934). Trupptransporter till sjöss: en studie i världskrigets belysning. Marinlitteraturföreningen, 0348-2405 ; 38 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Marinlitteraturföreningen. SELIBR 1348770.
  • Ericson, Stig H:son (1935). Försvarskommissionen och flottan: en kritisk granskning av 1930 års försvarskommissions betänkande i vad avser flottan. Föreningen Sveriges flottas småskrifter, 99-3366728-9 ; 19 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Fritzes. SELIBR 1354444.
  • Ericson, Stig Hansson (1939). Försvarsproblem kring Ålandsöarna (in Swedish). Stockholm. SELIBR 2836922.
  • Ericson, Stig H:son (1941). Det nutida sjökrigets karaktär. Medborgarkunskap om riksförsvaret, 99-1771683-1 ; 3 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Riksförb. för Sveriges försvar. SELIBR 1419190.
  • Palmstierna, Carl-Fredrik; Ericson, Stig H:son; Gréen, Sven; Liljeroth, Erik, eds. (1965). Boken om Sofiero: ett kungligt sommarresidens vid Sundets strand skildrat i ord och bild till hundraårsjubileet av slottets tillblivelse (in Swedish). Malmö: Allhem. SELIBR 1171090.
  • Ericson, Stig H:son (1966). Knopar på logglinan (in Swedish). Stockholm: Bonnier. SELIBR 23079.
  • Ericson, Stig H:son (1968). Kuling längs kusten: minnen från åtta år som chef för marinen (in Swedish). Stockholm: Bonnier. SELIBR 23078.
  • Ericson, Stig H:son (1976). Vita havet: segling i kungliga farvatten (in Swedish). Stockholm: Bonnier. ISBN 91-0-041170-1. SELIBR 7145078.
  • Ericson, Stig H:son (1981). Arleigh Albert Burke: en märklig svenskättad chef för USN 1955-1961 (in Swedish). Stockholm. SELIBR 10589284.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Harnesk, Paul, ed. (1962). Vem är vem? 1, Stor-Stockholm [Who is who? 1, Greater Stockholm] (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Vem är vem. pp. 359–360.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Burling, Ingeborg, ed. (1962). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1963 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1963] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 290.
  3. ^ a b Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1939 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1939] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. 1939. p. 229. SELIBR 3681516.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Harnesk, Paul, ed. (1945). Vem är vem?. D. 1, Stockholmsdelen [Who is Who?. D. 1, Stockholm part] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Vem är vem bokförlag. p. 201.
  5. ^ Björeman, Carl (2009). År av uppgång, år av nedgång: försvarets ödesväg under beredskapsåren och det kalla kriget (PDF). Publikation / Försvaret och det kalla kriget (FOKK), 1652-5388 ; 20 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Svenskt militärhistoriskt bibliotek. p. 58. ISBN 9789185789580. SELIBR 11647610.
  6. ^ a b c d Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1985 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1985] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. 1984. p. 308. ISBN 91-1-843222-0.
  7. ^ Gustafson, Stig Göran (1976-02-08). "Han är kungens högra hand". Göteborgs-Tidningen (in Swedish). p. 4. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  8. ^ Burling, Ingeborg, ed. (1956). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1957 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1957] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 268.
  9. ^ "Riksarkivet - Sök i arkiven" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  10. ^ Sveriges statskalender för året 1955 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1955. p. 8.
  11. ^ Sveriges statskalender för året 1950 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1950. p. 9.
  12. ^ Sveriges statskalender för året 1947 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1947. p. 12.
  13. ^ "Riksarkivet - Sök i arkiven" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  14. ^ "Riksarkivet - Sök i arkiven" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  15. ^ "Riksarkivet - Sök i arkiven" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  16. ^ "Riksarkivet - Sök i arkiven" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 2018-07-21.
  17. ^ Lindemalm, Åke (1985). "Hedersledamoten Stig H:son-Ericson" (PDF). Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (in Swedish). Carlskrona: Tidskrift i sjöväsendet (4): 245–246. SELIBR 8258455.
  18. ^ a b c d Sveriges statskalender för året 1955 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1955. p. 436.
  19. ^ Sveriges statskalender för året 1947 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1947. p. 398.
  20. ^ a b c Sveriges statskalender för skottåret 1940 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1940. p. 392.
  21. ^ Sveriges statskalender för året 1942 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1942. p. 403.
  22. ^ Sveriges statskalender för året 1950 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1950. p. 407.
  23. ^ "ORÐUHAFASKRÁ" (in Icelandic). President of Iceland. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  24. ^ "SON ERICSON Amm.H. Stig". www.quirinale.it (in Italian). President of Italy. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  25. ^ a b Sveriges statskalender för året 1931 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1931. p. 348.
  26. ^ Sveriges statskalender för året 1945 (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1945. p. 390.

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Defence Staff's Naval Operations Department
1939–1942
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
Erik Wetter
Vice Chief of the Royal Swedish Naval Materiel Administration
1945–1950
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Chief of the Coastal Fleet
1950–1953
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Chief of the Navy
1953–1961
Succeeded by
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
President of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences
1953–1955
Succeeded by
Court offices
Preceded by
Erik Wetter
First Marshal of the Court
1962–1973
Succeeded by
Tom Wachtmeister
Preceded by
Nils Vult von Steyern
Marshal of the Realm
1966–1976
Succeeded by
Gunnar Lagergren