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Stevenage (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the seats of Hertford and Stevenage, Hitchin, and East Hertfordshire. A Southern England new town seat with volatile voting patterns, it was Conservative held between 1983 and 1997 until Labour easily gained it, but their winning margin in 2005 was small and the Conservatives gained the seat at the 2010 election.

Its main predecessor, named first, was also a bellwether of the national result. Shirley Williams has been the most prominent member, in fact the second frontbencher since 1974. She held it when she was a Secretary of State in government from 1974 until 1979, Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Protection and then Paymaster General. Barbara Follett achieved two ministerial roles from 2007 until 2010.

Constituency profileEdit

The main town is known for its fast rail links to London and proximity to Luton Airport which accompanies a few headquarters of global businesses based in the seat. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, and eastern regional average of 3.2%, at 4.0% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[2]

Boundaries and boundary changesEdit

1983-1997: The Borough of Stevenage, the District of North Hertfordshire wards of Codicote and Knebworth, and the District of East Hertfordshire wards of Cottered, Datchworth, Mundern, Walkern, and Watton-at-Stone.[3]

The constituency was formed from the majority of the abolished County Constituency of Hertford and Stevenage, except for the wards of Codicote and Knebworth, transferred from the abolished County Constituency of Hitchin, and the wards of Cottered and Mundern, transferred from the abolished County Constituency of East Hertfordshire.

1997-2010: The Borough of Stevenage, the District of North Hertfordshire wards of Codicote and Knebworth, and the District of East Hertfordshire wards of Datchworth and Walkern.[4]

The District of East Hertfordshire wards of Cottered, Mundern and Watton-at-Stone were transferred to the new County Constituency of North East Hertfordshire.

2010–present: The Borough of Stevenage, the District of North Hertfordshire wards of Codicote and Knebworth, and the District of East Hertfordshire ward of Datchworth and Aston.[5]

Walkern ward transferred to North East Hertfordshire.

The constituency covers the Borough of Stevenage, as well as the villages of Codicote and Knebworth to the south and Aston and Datchworth to the east.[6]

Changes proposed for 2022Edit

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.

In order to meet the requirements in respect of the electoral quota range, the Commission has recommended that the District of East Hertfordshire wards of Watton-at-Stone and Walkern be transferred back from North East Hertfordshire.[7]

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

Next United Kingdom General election: Stevenage
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jill Borcherds
Brexit Party Charles Bunker
Conservative Stephen McPartland
Liberal Democrat Lisa Nash
General election 2017: Stevenage[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McPartland 24,798 50.3  5.7
Labour Co-op Sharon Taylor 21,414 43.4  9.2
Liberal Democrat Barbara Gibson 2,032 4.1  0.8
Green Victoria Snelling 1,085 2.2  0.7
Majority 3,384 6.9  3.5
Turnout 49,329 69.5  1.8
Conservative hold Swing  1.8
General election 2015: Stevenage[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McPartland 21,291 44.5 +3.1
Labour Co-op Sharon Taylor 16,336 34.2 +0.8
UKIP David Collins 6,864 14.4 +9.9
Liberal Democrat Susan Van De Ven 1,582 3.3 −13.3
Green Graham White 1,369 2.9 N/A
TUSC Trevor Palmer 175 0.4 N/A
English Democrat Charles Vickers 115 0.2 −0.6
Independent David Cox 67 0.1 −0.1
Majority 4,955 10.4 +2.4
Turnout 67.7 +2.9
Conservative hold Swing +1.2
General election 2010: Stevenage[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Stephen McPartland 18,491 41.4 +6.0
Labour Co-op Sharon Taylor 14,913 33.4 −9.7
Liberal Democrat Julia Davies 7,432 16.6 −1.7
UKIP Marion Mason 2,004 4.5 +1.4
BNP Michael Green 1,007 2.3 N/A
English Democrat Charles Vickers 366 0.8 N/A
NCDMV! Stephen Phillips 327 0.7 N/A
Independent David Cox 80 0.2 N/A
Your Right To Democracy Party Ltd. Andrew Ralph 31 0.1 N/A
Majority 3,578 8.0
Turnout 44,651 64.8 +2.1
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +8.0

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Stevenage[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Barbara Follett 18,003 42.9 −9.0
Conservative George William Freeman 14,864 35.4 +3.7
Liberal Democrat Julia Davies 7,610 18.1 +3.9
UKIP Victoria Peebles 1,305 3.1 N/A
Independent Antal Losonczi 152 0.4 −0.4
Majority 3,139 7.5
Turnout 41,934 62.7 +2.0
Labour hold Swing −6.4
General election 2001: Stevenage[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Barbara Follett 22,025 51.9 −3.5
Conservative Graeme Brian Quar 13,459 31.7 −1.1
Liberal Democrat Harold Davies 6,027 14.2 +5.3
Socialist Alliance Stephen William Glennon 449 1.1 N/A
Independent Antal Losonczi 320 0.8 N/A
ProLife Alliance Mrs. Sarah Teresa Anne Bell 173 0.4 N/A
Majority 8,566 20.2
Turnout 42,453 60.7 −15.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Stevenage[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Barbara Follett 28,440 55.4 +16.8
Conservative Timothy Wood 16,858 32.8 −11.1
Liberal Democrat Alexander Iain Cameron Wilcock 4,588 8.9 −8.2
Referendum Jeffery Michael Coburn 1,194 2.3 N/A
ProLife Alliance David William Bundy 196 0.4 N/A
Natural Law Andrew Brinley Michael Calcraft 110 0.2 −0.2
Majority 11,582 22.6
Turnout 51,386 76.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 14.0
General election 1992: Stevenage[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Wood 26,652 45.7 +3.6
Labour Judith Church 21,764 37.3 +11.9
Liberal Democrat Andrew Anthony Reilly 9,668 16.6 −15.9
Natural Law Andrew Brinley Michael Calcraft 233 0.4 N/A
Majority 4,888 8.4 −1.2
Turnout 58,317 83.0 +2.5
Conservative hold Swing −4.1

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Stevenage[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Wood 23,541 42.1 +2.7
Social Democratic Ben Stoneham 18,201 32.5 −3.6
Labour Malcolm Robert Crawford Withers 14,229 25.4 +1.4
Majority 5,340 9.5
Turnout 55,971 80.5
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Stevenage[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Timothy Wood 20,787 39.4 N/A
Social Democratic Ben Stoneham 19,032 36.1 N/A
Labour Mrs. Susan Ann Reeves 12,673 24.0 N/A
BNP David Robert Bowmaker 236 0.5 N/A
Majority 1,755 3.3 N/A
Turnout 52,728 77.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  4. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  6. ^ 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  7. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 5)
  9. ^ "Stevenage parliamentary constituency - Election 2017 - BBC News". BBC Online. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  10. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  11. ^ "Stevenage parliamentary constituency - Election 2015 - BBC News". BBC Online. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Stevenage". BBC Online (BBC). 7 May 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Coordinates: 51°53′N 0°10′W / 51.883°N 0.167°W / 51.883; -0.167