Statue of Honor

Statue of Honor (Turkish: Onur Anıtı), aka Atatürk Monument, is a monument situated at Atatürk Park in İlkadım district of Samsun, Turkey dedicated to the landing of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Samsun initiating what is later termed the Turkish War of Independence. The monument became the landmark of Samsun.[1]

Statue of Honor
Onur Anıtı
Onur Anıtı.JPG
Statue of Honor in Samsun
Statue of Honor is located in Turkey
Statue of Honor
Location of Statue of Honor in Turkey.
Coordinates41°17′20.6″N 36°20′11.3″E / 41.289056°N 36.336472°E / 41.289056; 36.336472Coordinates: 41°17′20.6″N 36°20′11.3″E / 41.289056°N 36.336472°E / 41.289056; 36.336472
Locationİlkadım, Samsun, Turkey
DesignerHeinrich Krippel
TypeEquestrian statue
MaterialBronze on marble base
Height8.85 m (29.0 ft)
Beginning date1927
Completion dateOctober 29, 1931
Opening dateJanuary 15, 1932; 90 years ago (1932-01-15)
Dedicated toLanding of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk initiating the Turkish War of Independence on May 19, 1919

HistoryEdit

The equestrian statue of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was commissioned in 1927 by the province governor of Samsun, Kâzım Pasha (İnanç) to the Austrian sculptor Heinrich Krippel, who had won the juried art competition to create the Victory Monument in Ankara depicting equestrian Atatürk.[2] The construction of the bronze statue took place in Vienna from 1928 to 1931.[3] It was mounted on its base in Samsun on October 29, 1931, the Republic Day. The monument was officially inaugurated on January 15, 1932. It is the thirteenth monument to Atatürk and Krippel's fourth artwork in Turkey.[4]

The bronze statue depicting equestrian Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is 4.75 m (15.6 ft) high while the total height of the monument is 8.85 m (29.0 ft).[5] In addition to the honorary to the artist of US$5,500, the construction of the monument cost US$37,000.[6][7]

The statue's metal casting process was carried out at Vereinigte Metallwerke in Austria.

 
Heinrich Krippel's Atatürk Honor Monument after casting at Vereinigte Metallwerke in Austria.

The 32 pieces were transported in boxes from Hamburg, Germany to Turkey aboard SS Nicea of the Deutsche Levante-Linie arriving in Samsun on October 15, 1931.[8][9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Onur Anıtı" (in Turkish). Samsun Belediyesi. Archived from the original on 2014-07-26. Retrieved 2014-07-16.
  2. ^ Zübeyiroğlu, M. Fuat (1932-01-03). "Gazi'nin 19 Mayıs 1919'da Anadolu'ya Çıktığı Yerde". Hakimiyet-i Milliye (in Turkish). pp. 1–2.
  3. ^ Osma 2003, p. 73.
  4. ^ Osma 2003, p. 193.
  5. ^ Samsun: Güneşin Doğduğu Şehir – Atatürk Anıtı- Onur Anıtı (PDF) (in Turkish). Yeşilırmak Havzası Kalkınma Birliği. 2010. p. 50. ISBN 9789758329885. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-11. Retrieved 2014-07-11.
  6. ^ Sarısakal, Baki. "Onur Anıtı Açılma Töreni" (PDF) (in Turkish). bakisarisakal.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-11. Retrieved 2014-07-11.
  7. ^ "Samsun Belediyesi Meclis Zabıt Tutanakları 7. Toplantı 1. Celse" (in Turkish). 1931-11-22. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ Aslanapa 1993, p. 46.
  9. ^ Ahali (in Turkish). 1931-11-20. {{cite news}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)

BibliographyEdit

  • Osma, Kıvanç (2003). Cumhuriyet Dönemi Anıt Heykelleri (1923–1946) (in Turkish). Ankara: Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi. ISBN 9751616786.
  • Aslanapa, Oktay (1993). Türkiye'de Avusturyalı Sanat Tarihçileri ve Sanatkarlar (in Turkish). İstanbul: Eren Yayıncılık.