States of Guernsey Police Service
The States of Guernsey Police Service, known generally as the Guernsey Police, is the police service for the Bailiwick of Guernsey, a jurisdictional sub-group of Crown Dependencies within the Channel Islands.
|Guernsey Police Force|
Guernsey Police Logo (as at 2016)
|Common name||Guernsey Police|
|Operations jurisdiction||Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm, GBG|
|Map of Guernsey Police Force's jurisdiction.|
|Headquarters||Hospital Lane, St Peter Port|
In common with many communities, a historical development of parish constables formed the system of law enforcement for many centuries. In the 19th century, the people of Guernsey complained that this system was inadequate for a growing population, and a professional police force was demanded. The parish constables retained their historic role, but from 1853 uniformed assistant constables were appointed. Initially there were four of them, with a uniform hat and belt worn over their civilian clothing. They provided full-time policing, under the authority of the elected parish constables.
The current police force was formed following approval by the States of Deliberation in March 1915, consisting of an inspector, two sergeants, two corporals and eleven constables. During the five year German occupation of the Channel Islands the police had a difficult time whilst working alongside the German military police and the Feldgendarmerie (field police). In 1945 the force resumed its normal role and is now considerably expanded, as of 2015 it had 147 officers. These are supported by 79 civilian staff, who work in roles where warranted officers are not required.
From March 2015, emergency calls for all emergency services in Guernsey have been routed through the Joint Emergency Services Control Centre (JESCC), linking police, fire, ambulance and coastguard services.
In late January 2019, Guernsey Police led the investigation into the high-profile disappearance of Argentinian footballer Emiliano Sala, whose aircraft had last made radar contact near Alderney.
Structure and ranksEdit
The force is headed by a chief officer (CO), with a deputy chief officer (DCO) as second in command and a superintendent as third in command. The current chief officer of the Guernsey Police is Ruari Hardy, the deputy chief officer is Nigel Taylor and the superintendent is Philip Breban. Each of the four branches within the Guernsey Police is headed by a chief inspector; the branches are uniformed operations, crime services, corporate services and specialist services. Significant units within these four divisions include the commercial fraud department, the explosive ordnance disposal unit and the police dog section.
Guernsey Police has a system of special constables, with three distinct types of volunteer officer, known as 'A', 'B', or 'C' division of the special constabulary.
'A' division special constables are full-time employees of third party agencies who are granted limited police powers within their workplace, to provide a first response whilst professional police officers are travelling to an incident; for example, a number of hospital porters are sworn as 'A' division special constables to provide an enhanced level of hospital security.
'B' division special constables are fully trained to support their full-time colleagues in all aspects of policing. They are commonly deployed in tandem with professional colleagues at large scale public events, and during weekend periods.
'C' division special constables carry out the duties of a traffic warden, but have certain police powers in respect of traffic control, for example around school areas at peak times.
- On 12 January 1940 Sergeant Charles Le Lievre was awarded the King's Police Medal for gallantry in relation to an assault on 9 June 1939.
- On 11 December 1945, Mr A Lamy was awarded the British Empire Medal for services rendered during the Occupation.
- On 1 January 1957 the Queen's Police Medal was awarded to the Chief Officer Mr A Lamy
- The British Empire Medal was awarded to Sergeant Noel Trotter in connection with the rescue of a boy who fell over a cliff on 4 August 1956.
- The full history of this period is available online as a PDF document.
- "Joint emergency services control centre goes live". Guernsey Press. 18 March 2015.
- Details on the official police website.
- "HISTORY OF THE GUERNSEY POLICE".