State and University Library, Denmark
The State and University Library (Danish: Statsbiblioteket) in Aarhus, Denmark, is a national library and the university library of Aarhus University. It is a research library and the central repository for all Danish public libraries holding millions of items both in print and digital formats including sound and music recordings, videos, journals, books, patents, maps, prints and drawings. The library is directly subordinated the Danish Ministry of Culture and is a legal deposit library, receiving copies of all audio, video and newspapers produced in Denmark.
|Type||National Library, University Library|
|Scope||National Library of Denmark|
Aarhus University library
|Established||Legally established 1897|
University Library from 1928
|Size||5,528,993 physical units,|
6,176,256 electronic titles (as of 2017)
|Legal deposit||Since 1902|
|Website||State and University Library Website|
In 2017 it merged with the Royal Library in Copenhagen to form a combined national library. The combined library organisation (the separate library locations in Copenhagen and Aarhus are maintained) is known as the Royal Danish Library (Danish: Det Kgl. Bibliotek).
The state library was established by law in 1897 as one of the first attempts to decentralize the cultural monopoly of Copenhagen. The library opened 5 years later in 1902 as a Research Library and administrative center for all Danish public libraries. In 1928 Aarhus University was established and the state library became the library for the new university. The responsibilities of the library have been expanded throughout the years and it today functions as a depot and center for loan-cooperation between Danish public libraries and as a center for literature in immigrant languages.
The collection includes 100.000 books donated by the Danish Royal Library when the state library was first established. The Royal archivist Caspar Frederik Wegener had at the time of his death in 1893 the largest book collection Denmark. The collection was bought by the Danish state in 1897 and it became an important contribution to the new library. The state library also contains the State Newspaper Collection which was established in 1916 and the State Media Collection.
The library's cultural heritage collections are:
- Radio/TV collection: Danish radio and television from the mid-1980s onwards.
- State Newspaper Collection: all the Danish newspapers from the mid-1600s onwards.
- Danish Commercials: Danish cinema adverts from about 1955 to 1995, and all the adverts on TV2 television in the period 1988-2005.
- Music and sound: all Danish music publications and unique sound recordings such as speeches by famous men and women, dialects, and Denmark’s oldest sound recordings on wax cylinders.
- Netarchive: the Danish part of the internet from July 2005 onwards.
- Special collections: a range of collections, for instance timetables, funeral sermons, handwriting, old political documents and much more.
In 1999 the collection included 4 million items in print such as books, journals, newspapers, etc. and c. 400.000 sound, radio and television recordings.
The state library started out in a building on Vester Allé 12 designed by Hack Kampmann for the purpose. The building quickly proved too small, especially after the duties of being a university library was added in 1928. In 1963 the library moved to a new building, Bogtårnet (The Book Tower), designed by C.F. Møller on the university campus. In 1995 the architect firm Kjær & Richter renovated the interior.
Fusion with The Royal LibraryEdit
In September 2016, the Danish Ministry of Culture announced that The State and University Library would merge with the Royal Library in Copenhagen, with effect from the 1st January 2017. The new institution is called the Royal Danish Library.
- "Årsrapport 2017 for Det Kgl. Bibliotek" (PDF) (in Danish). Det Kgl. Bibliotek. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- "Statsbiblioteket" (in Danish). Encyclopedia Den Store Danske. Archived from the original on 19 February 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Statsbiblioteket" (in Danish). Danish Ministry of Culture. Archived from the original on 19 February 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Det nye nationalbibliotek kommer til at hedde Det Kgl. Bibliotek" (in Danish). Retrieved 2018-03-03.
- "The new Royal Danish Library". Royal Danish Library. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- "Statsbiblioteket" (in Danish). Aarhus City Archives. Archived from the original on 19 February 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Access to the Collections" (in Danish). State and University Library. Archived from the original on 19 February 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.