Stara Zagora Uprising

The Stara Zagora Uprising is an attempt of the Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee to organize an armed uprising in Bulgaria in 1875 in order to overthrow the Ottoman Empire.

Stara Zagora Uprising
KG BRCC STARA ZAGORA REVOLT FLAG 1875.png
The Banner of the Stara Zagora Uprising, citing "Death or Freedom"
Stara Zagora uprising.png
Map Showing the movements of the Rebels in the Stara Zagora Uprising
Native name Старозагорското Възстание
Date1875
OutcomeFailed Attempt, lead to the April Uprising

Organization and regionsEdit

On the 12 August 1875, the Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee or BRCC, made the decision to prepare the entire people of Bulgaria for an Uprising. Five regions were distributed - Ruse-Shumen, Veliko Tarnovo, Sliven and Lovech-Troyan. The capital location of the Uprising was chosen to be Stara Zagora, hence the name. The leader of the Stara Zagora Uprising and region was Stefan Stambolov, who is considered one of the founders of Modern post-Ottoman Bulgaria. Some members of the committee, however, do not entirely agree on the proper timing of the Uprising and want to wait more.[1]

Because of this disunion of opinions, on 16 September in Stara Zagora, not enough rebels gather to support the cause. Some of the rebels hide or leave the country, whereas others are chased by the Turks, like the brothers Mihail and Georgi Zhekov.[2]

Simultaneous uprisingsEdit

The Stara Zagora Uprising was very massive in the villages around Stara Zagora. More than 800 people join the rebellion and add up to 6 large rural groups of rebels. Some of them start joining the rebels of the city. Heavy battles are led in the area of Elhovo, Samuilovo and Obruchishte. The rebel groups of Stefan Chifutov (105 people) and Rusi Bakardzhiyata (120 people) fight the battle with the Turks near Elhovo.[3][4]

Simultaneously with the Stara Zagora Uprising, there are Uprisings in Shumen and Ruse. There are two small rebel groups which later disband when the news of the failed uprising reach them.[5]

The Stara Zagora Uprising serves as a check of the rebel strength and readiness to give way for the liberation through the April Uprising in 1876 which would eventually capture the attention of the Great Powers.

After the Uprising has been dispersed, the Ottoman authorities impose serious penalties. More than 600 people are arrested and punished with death and other forms of torture.[6]

Notable participantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Старозагорското въстание 1875 г. – прелюдия към свободата | Регионален исторически музей - Стара Загора". www.rimstz.eu. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  2. ^ "Защо Старозагорското въстание завършва с неуспех". www.desant.net. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  3. ^ "Чета на Руси Бакърджията". Войводи (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  4. ^ divident.eu. "Днес се покланяме пред делото на Кольо Ганчев". Divident.EU - Новини Стара Загора, актуална информация (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  5. ^ "Старозагорското въстание 1875 г. – Долап БГ" (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  6. ^ "Старозагорското въстание, трагичният опит от който никой не си взе поука". politika.bg. Retrieved 2021-04-21.