Stanislovas Kęsgaila (died 1532)

Stanislovas Kęstgaila (1503–1532)[1] was a Lithuanian nobleman, son of Stanislovas Kęsgaila from the Kęsgailos family. Stanislovas Kęstgaila was the Elder of Samogitia (1527–1532) and castellan of Trakai (1528–1532).[2] After marriage to Anna, daughter of Stanisław Kiszka, Stanislovas was the wealthiest magnate in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.[2]

When Stanislovas was appointed as the Elder of Samogitia in 1527, Grand Duke Sigismund I the Old limited power and income of the elder as 17 volosts were transferred to Grand Duke's jurisdiction.[3] The elder was left with 8 volosts (Karklėnai, Kražiai, Medingėnai, Patumšiai, Pavandenė, Tendžiogala, Viduklė and Žarėnai)[3] that had only about 10% of the Samogitian population.[2] After early death of Stanislovas, the office of the Elder of Samogitia was assigned to Piotr Kiszka,[4] not a member of the Kęsgailos family for the first time in more than a century.[5] Stanislovas' last will left about a third of his possessions to the Grand Duke, who then transferred the towns to his wife Bona Sforza.[4] Subsequently the family faded from the public life.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jurginis, Juozas (2011). "Kęsgaila, Stanislovas Stanislovaitis". In Manelis, Eugenijus; Račis, Antanas (eds.). Lietuvos istorija. Enciklopedinis žinynas (in Lithuanian). Vol. I. Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos centras. p. 817. ISBN 978-5-420-01689-3.
  2. ^ a b c d (in Lithuanian) Jonas Zinkus; et al., eds. (1985–1988). "Kęsgailos". Tarybų Lietuvos enciklopedija. Vol. II. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vyriausioji enciklopedijų redakcija. p. 299. LCC 86232954.
  3. ^ a b Petrauskas, Rimvydas; Jūratė Kiaupienė (2009). Lietuvos istorija. Nauji horizontai: dinastija, visoumenė, valstybė (in Lithuanian). Vol. IV. Baltos lankos. p. 83. ISBN 978-9955-23-239-1.
  4. ^ a b Tyla, Algimantas (2003). "Žemaičių valstiečių prievolių surašymas 1537 ir 1538 m.". Žemaitijos valsčių surašymas 1537-1538 m. (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Lithuanian Institute of History. pp. 7–16. ISBN 9986-780-49-7.
  5. ^ Petrauskas, Rimvydas; Jūratė Kiaupienė (2009). Lietuvos istorija. Nauji horizontai: dinastija, visoumenė, valstybė (in Lithuanian). Vol. IV. Baltos lankos. p. 448. ISBN 978-9955-23-239-1.