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Stanisław Marian Ryłko (born 4 July 1945) is a Polish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He held positions in the Roman Curia beginning in 1987 and was president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity from 2003 to 2016. He was made a cardinal in 2007. He has been Archpriest of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore since 28 December 2016.
Stanisław Cardinal Ryłko
|Cardinal-Archpriest, Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore|
|Appointed||28 December 2016|
|Predecessor||Santos Abril y Castelló|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re "pro hac vice"|
|Ordination||30 March 1969|
by Karol Józef Wojtyła (later Pope John Paul II)
|Consecration||6 January 1996|
by Pope John Paul II
|Created cardinal||24 November 2007|
by Pope Benedict XVI
|Birth name||Stanisław Ryłko|
|Born||4 July 1945|
|Motto||Lux Mea Christus|
(Christ, My Light)
|Coat of arms|
Stanisław Cardinal Ryłko
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|See||Sacro Cuore di Cristo Re|
Besides his native Polish, he speaks Italian, English, and German.
Early life and pastoral workEdit
Stanisław Ryłko was born in Andrychów to Władysław and Aurelia Ryłko. He has two siblings: a brother, Władysław (d. 2007), and a sister, Jadwiga. He graduated from the Lyceum of Maria Skłodowska-Curie in Andrychów in 1963 before entering the seminary in Kraków, later obtaining his licentiate in moral theology. Ryłko then studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he earned his doctorate in social sciences. He was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal Karol Wojtyła (later Pope John Paul II) on 30 March 1969 in Wawel Cathedral, and then did pastoral work in Poronin until 1971.
Ryłko served as vice-rector of the Kraków seminary before teaching practical theology at the Pontifical Theological Academy of Kraków. He was secretary of the lay apostolate commission of the Polish Episcopal Conference as well. In 1987, he returned to Rome and was charged with responsibility for the section for the Catholic Youth Work of the Pontifical Council for the Laity; during this time, he organized of the World Youth Day events of 1989 and 1991. He was transferred to the Polish section of the Vatican Secretariat of State in 1992.
On 20 December 1995, Pope John Paul II appointed Ryłko secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity and Titular Bishop of Novica. He received his episcopal consecration on 6 January 1996 in St. Peter's Basilica from John Paul II, with Archbishops Giovanni Re and Jorge Mejía serving as co-consecrators. As Secretary, Ryłko served as the second-highest official of that dicastery under Eduardo Francisco Pironio and James Stafford.
He was named President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity on 4 October 2003. Following the death of John Paul II on 2 April 2005, Pope Benedict XVI confirmed him in that position on 21 April 2004.
On 12 June 2008 he was appointed by Benedict as a member of several congregations in the Roman Curia: the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Congregation for Bishops and the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. On 5 January 2011 he was named one of the first members of the new Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelisation. On 10 March 2015, Pope Francis appointed Rylko a Member of the Pontifical Committee for International Eucharistic Congresses.
On 28 December 2016, Pope Francis appointed Rylko Archpriest of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. On 11 August 2018, he was named a member of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State.
In 2008, in an address to the plenary assembly of the Congregation for the Laity, Ryłko said that the time has come for Christians to free themselves from their false inferiority complex against the so-called secular world, to be courageous disciples of Christ.
- "Bishop Rylko Is New President of Laity Council". Zenit. 5 October 2003. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- Allen Jr., John L. (24 November 2007). "Day Two: The Consistory of the Long-Suffering". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "Papal Appointments Give Prelates Multiple Tasks". Zenit. 12 June 2008. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 05.01.2011" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 10 January 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Rinunce e nomine, 10.03.2015" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 10 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "List of Cardinal Electors". Zenit. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- Wooden, Cindy (17 August 2016). "Pope names Dallas bishop head of new office for laity, family, life". National Catholic Reporter. Catholic News Service. Retrieved 18 August 2016.
- "Rinunce e nomine, 28.12.2016" (in Italian). Vatican Press Office. 28 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "Nomina di Membro della Pontificia Commissione per lo Stato della Città del Vaticano" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 11 August 2018. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
- "Cardinale Ryłko: i cristiani si liberino dai complessi di inferiorità" (in Italian). ZENIT. 14 November 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "Ryłko Card. Stanisław". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church[self-published source]
- Catholic-Hierarchy[self-published source]
|Catholic Church titles|
Paul Josef Cordes
| Secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
| President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity
Santos Abril y Castelló
| Archpriest of the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore