St Nectan's Glen

Coordinates: 50°39′53″N 4°43′09″W / 50.6648°N 4.7192°W / 50.6648; -4.7192

Waterfall at St Nectan's Kieve
The Trevillet River in Saint Nectan's Glen
The Hermitage

Saint Nectan's Glen (Cornish: Glynn Nathan, meaning deep wooded valley of Nathan) is an area of woodland in Trethevy near Tintagel, north Cornwall stretching for around one mile along both banks of the Trevillet River. The glen's most prominent feature is St Nectan's Kieve, a spectacular sixty foot waterfall through a hole in the rocks. The site attracts tourists who believe it to be "one of the UK's most spiritual sites,"[1] and tie or place ribbons, crystals, photographs, small piles of flat stones and other materials near the waterfall.[2]

History and buildingsEdit

It is believed locally that, in the sixth century, Saint Nectan had a hermitage above the waterfall and rang a silver bell to warn ships of the dangers of offshore rocks at the mouth of the Rocky Valley during storms.[2] However, this is myth concocted by Victorian romanticists such as R. S. Hawker[3] and the valley has no religious connections save the remains of a monastery and a small chapel in nearby Trethevy dedicated to St Piran[4]. The site was known as Nathan's Cave in 1799, [5] named after a local character, either Nathan Williams or Nathan Cock.[6] There is a late nineteenth or early twentieth century half-timbered private residence known as The Hermitage, constructed on the remains of an eighteenth century summer house or folly.[7] Further downstream are the brick remains of St Gerwyn, a house which was destroyed in a fire in the mid-twentieth century. The supposed connection with St Nectan is a Victorian invention and the current use of the site as a place for depositing "sacred offerings" is a more recent invention. [8] The even more recent fashion for calling the waterfall Merlin's Well has no basis in any local tradition. June 17th is the feast day of St Nectan.

Flora and faunaEdit

As a result of the glen's flora and fauna it was designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest in 1985.[9] The damp shade provided by the glen supports a rich bryophyte flora, including two rare liverworts Jubula hutchinsiae and Trichocolea tomentella, and the mosses Fissidens curnovii and Fissidens osmundoides. Dippers (Cinclus cinclus) also nest in the rocks near Saint Nectan's Kieve.[9]

Ownership and accessEdit

The site is privately owned but there is free public access to the glen. A charge is made to visit the waterfall.

In 2011 the Friends of St Nectan's Glen attempted to raise enough money to buy the site of 14 acres from the owner Barry Litton. A guide price of £800,000 was set by the estate agents.[10] The site and adjacent café were purchased in 2012 by Guy Mills, a business park owner who said that his intention was to maintain it as "a place of inward reflection and self-realisation for everyone to enjoy".[1] The café reportedly attracted 10,000 visitors a year, before its recent refurbishment under the new owners.[1][11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "New owner vows to keep sacred site St Nectan's Glen open", Cornish Guardian, 14 March 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2014
  2. ^ a b St Nectans Glen History. Retrieved 27 July 2014
  3. ^ The :Chapel," Kieve and Gorge off "Saint Nectan," Trevillet Millcombe, Tintagel by Sidney J Madge, Liddell and Son, 1950 p60
  4. ^ Canner, A. C. (1982) The Parish of Tintagel: some historical notes. Camelford: A. C. Canner p30
  5. ^ Gray, Thomas. The Traveller’s Companion, in a Tour through England and Wales; Containing a catalogue of the antiquities, houses, parks, plantations, scenes, and situations, in England and Wales, arranged according to the alphabetical order of the several counties. London: G. Kearsley, 1799.
  6. ^ Craig Weatherhill, Place Names in Cornwall and Scilly, Wessex Books, 2005
  7. ^ The :Chapel," Kieve and Gorge off "Saint Nectan," Trevillet Millcombe, Tintagel by Sidney J Madge, Liddell and Son, 1950 p59
  8. ^ Ceri Houlbrook (2016) Saints, Poets, and Rubber Ducks: Crafting the Sacred at St Nectan’s Glen, Folklore, 127:3, 344-361, DOI: 10.1080/0015587X.2016.1197593
  9. ^ a b "St Nectan's Glen" (PDF). Natural England. 1985. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  10. ^ "Race to buy historic site in north Cornwall". BBC News. 21 April 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  11. ^ "Welcome to St Nectans Glen". Retrieved 27 July 2014

https://www.historic-uk.com/CultureUK/The-Legend-of-St-Nectan/

External linksEdit