St Matthew's Chapel (Iż-Żgħir)

The Chapel of St Matthew, popularly known as San Mattew Iż-Żgħir, literally meaning Saint Matthew the smaller, is a small medieval chapel located beside a larger church with the same name in an area known as il-Maqluba in Qrendi, Malta. The use of the word the smaller is used that one would not confuse it with the larger St Matthew's church.

Chapel of St Matthew
The Chapel of Saint Matthew the smaller
Il-Knisja ta' San Mattew Iż-Żgħir
San Mattew iż-Żgħajr Maqluba Qrendi.jpg
Chapel of St Matthew is located in Malta
Chapel of St Matthew
Chapel of St Matthew
35°49′51.8″N 14°27′24.0″E / 35.831056°N 14.456667°E / 35.831056; 14.456667Coordinates: 35°49′51.8″N 14°27′24.0″E / 35.831056°N 14.456667°E / 35.831056; 14.456667
LocationQrendi
CountryMalta
DenominationRoman Catholic
History
Foundedc. 11th century
DedicationMatthew the Apostle
Architecture
StyleMedieval
Administration
DioceseMalta
ParishQrendi
Clergy
ArchbishopCharles Scicluna

HistoryEdit

Origins and legendEdit

The chapel of St Matthew has been in existence since at least the 14th century, probably dating back to the 11th century.[1] It is mentioned in a local legend said to have occurred in 1343. There are various versions of this legend however one of these versions says that all the people of the small village beside the chapel were living in sin and one day the whole village was consumed by the earth where a large pit was formed in place. The only building to escape this tragedy was the chapel of St Matthew in which an old pious woman was at the moment of the engulfment. However, most probably this large pit, a sinkhole, known as il-Maqluba was formed as a result of a violent storm that hit the island on November 14, 1343.

 
The chapel of St Matthew beside the larger church of St Matthew

DocumentationEdit

Nonetheless, this chapel was not mentioned in Bishop De Mello's report of 1436 as existing at that time however noteworthy to mention is that the Bishop's report only mentioned parish churches, prebends, cononriers and benefices, thus the small chapel would not have been mentioned. The small chapel of St Matthew was also mentioned in inquisitor Pietro Dusina's report during his apostolic visit to Malta in 1575. Dusina describes that the chapel was equipped with all necessarily means to celebrate the divine office.[2]

 
The interior of the chapel

Building of a larger churchEdit

As the larger church was built between 1674 and 1682, the small chapel was annexed by a small stairs and doorway and was used as the crypt of the large church. Its size was greatly reduced with this annexation. The chapel's exterior is quite simple. It is built in a rectangular style with a small belfry on top. In 1942, as the larger church was severely damaged by an air raid, the small chapel's belfry was damaged as well which was later dismantled and never rebuilt. [3] [4]

 
The Maqluba sinkhole

InteriorEdit

The chapel's interior is quite simple. It has one stone altar with the date 1897 inscribed on it. There is also a small statue of St Matthew on the altar. Just above of the altar there is a little apse decorated with a well-preserved fresco of a scallop shell. The interior is built in pointed archways, typical to medieval church buildings in Malta. A painting depicting St Matthew was also reported as being present in the chapel however no one knows what happened to this painting. [5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cini, George. "Filfla too had a chapel dedicated to Our Lady", Times of Malta, Malta, 4 January 2005. Retrieved on 18 September 2016.
  2. ^ Spiteri, Mikiel (2000). A hundred wayside chapels of Malta and Gozo, p. 266. Heritage Books, Valletta. ISBN 9789990993059.
  3. ^ "Il-Knejjes ta’ San Mattew tal-Maqluba - Qrendi -" Archived 2015-05-14 at the Wayback Machine, Kappelli Maltin, Malta. Retrieved on 16 September 2016.
  4. ^ "The “San Matthew tal-Maqluba” Chapel and Crypt", Qrendi Local Council, Malta. Retrieved on 16 September 2016.
  5. ^ "THE CHAPELS OF QRENDI" Archived 2016-06-13 at the Wayback Machine, Qrendi parish church, Malta. Retrieved on 16 September 2016.