St Mary's and St Julian's Church, Maker

St Mary's and St Julian's Church is a Church of England parish church in Maker, Cornwall, England, UK.[1] The church dates to the 15th century and has been a Grade I listed building since 1968.[2]

St Mary's and St Julian's Church, Maker
St Mary's and St Julian's Church, Maker, Cornwall.jpg
Religion
AffiliationChurch of England
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusActive
Location
LocationMaker, Cornwall, England
Geographic coordinates50°20′50″N 4°11′06″W / 50.3472°N 4.1850°W / 50.3472; -4.1850Coordinates: 50°20′50″N 4°11′06″W / 50.3472°N 4.1850°W / 50.3472; -4.1850
Architecture
TypeChurch

HistoryEdit

 
The interior of St Mary's and St Julian's Church.

The existing church has been dated to the 15th century, with the nave and chancel possibly of an earlier date.[2] The first record of a church at Maker dates to the 12th century, when one was granted to Plympton Priory.[3] The church's prominent position has made it a landmark for navigators,[4][5] and its tower was used as an Admiralty signal station during the 18th century and Napoleonic Wars.[6][7]

1873–74 restorationEdit

A major restoration of the church was undertaken in 1873–74, at a time when much of the building had fallen into decay, including the windows, pews, chancel fittings, roof and flooring. When Rev. F. T. Wintle became vicar of the parish in 1866, he began fundraising towards a restoration scheme. A working committee was formed and James Piers St Aubyn of London hired as the architect. Philip Blowey of Buckland Monachorum was contracted to carry out the work, which cost approximately £1,662 with another £75 for the installation of a heating apparatus. Contributions to the fund were received from the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe and the local landowner Lord Clinton.[4]

The entire church was re-roofed and extensively renovated. The building was reseated in pitch pine, the chancel refitted in wainscot and the floor relaid with encaustic tiles, supplied by Webb of Worcester. With the removal of the galleries, additional space was made with the creation of a new south aisle, the arches of which are constructed of granite from Bere Alston. During the restoration an ancient fireplace was discovered and its flue utilised for the new heating apparatus. The Earl commissioned Messrs. Lavers and Barrand of London to create a memorial window in remembrance of his aunts, Lady Brownlow and Lady Caroline Macdonald, and his father's elder brother.[4]

The church's reopening on 18 June 1874 was attended by the Bishop of Exeter, Frederick Temple, and the Earl and members of his family.[4] In 1875, the church's harmonium was replaced by an organ built by Messrs Hele & Co of Plymouth at a cost of cost £230. It was installed in the north transept and opened on 16 July 1875.[8] A chapel of ease was opened in 1867 at the newly built Cremyll Schoolroom to serve residents at Cremyll.[9] A second chapel-of-ease, St Paul's, was opened in 1882 to serve the village of Kingsand.[10]

DesignEdit

St Mary and St Julian's is built of local red sandstone, with dressings in granite, in the Perpendicular style. It is made up of a nave, north and south aisles, chancel, north transept (vestry and organ chamber), south porch and a three-stage tower to the west. An additional south aisle was added in the restoration of 1873–74 and is known as the Edgcumbe Chapel.[4] The church's font is of Norman origin and was formerly at St Merryn.[11] The sundial erected above the entrance is dated 1768 and the holy water stoup in the porch was discovered in the churchyard in 1923.[2] The tower contains six bells, which were recast in 1808 but are of an earlier date.[12]

MonumentsEdit

The church contains a number of monuments:[2]

ChurchyardEdit

In 1987, a number of headstones in the churchyard became Grade II listed:

Other Grade II listed monuments:

  • Chest tomb for John Skardon (and other members of family), 1775[27]
  • Ledger stone for Judith Beale, indecipherable date, 18th century[28]
  • Indecipherable chest tomb, early 19th century[29]
  • Obelisk for Christian Lyne Walkom (and other members of family), 1868[30]
  • Chest tomb for Richard Rule (and other members of family), 1871[31]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Maker: St Mary & St Julian". A Church Near You. 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  2. ^ a b c d Historic England. "CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140716)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  3. ^ "Report and Transactions - Google Books". 2010-11-04. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  4. ^ a b c d e "The restoration of Maker church". The Western Morning News. 19 June 1874. Retrieved 21 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ "A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland: Compiled from Local ... - John Gorton - Google Books". Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  6. ^ "Report and Transactions of the Devonshire Association for the Advancement of ... - Google Books". 2010-11-04. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  7. ^ "The maritime history of Devon - Michael Oppenheim - Google Books". 2006-12-18. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  8. ^ "Opening of Maker church organ". The Western Morning News. 17 July 1875. Retrieved 21 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ "Licence from the Bishop of Exeter for Cremyll schoolroom for Divine Service". kresenkernow.org. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Dedication of St Paul's Chapel, Kingsand". Royal Cornwall Gazette. Falmouth. 28 April 1882. Retrieved 23 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ "Cornwall - Nikolaus Pevsner, Enid Radcliffe - Google Books". Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  12. ^ "£20,000 appeal to keep Maker's bells pealing". Cornerstone Vision. 2019-04-08. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  13. ^ a b c Historic England. "ROW OF 3 MONUMENTS IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 2 METRES EAST OF SOUTH PORCH OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1159704)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  14. ^ Historic England. "CHYNOWETH MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 10 METRES WEST OF TOWER OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140684)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  15. ^ Historic England. "PRING MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 16 METRES NORTH WEST OF TOWER OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140685)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  16. ^ a b c Historic England. "GROUP OF 3 MONUMENTS TO THE COLMER FAMILY IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 9 METRES SOUTH WEST OF TOWER OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140683)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  17. ^ Historic England. "ELLIS MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 3 METRES SOUTH OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140677)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  18. ^ Historic England. "STEPHENS MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 10 METRES NORTH OF TOWER OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1329095)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  19. ^ Historic England. "SARGENT MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 5 METRES EAST OF SOUTH AISLE OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140681)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  20. ^ Historic England. "WOOLVER MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 1/2 METRE WEST OF THE SOUTH AISLE OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1329075)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  21. ^ Historic England. "CHUBB MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 3 METRES NORTH OF TOWER OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1329094)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  22. ^ a b c d e Historic England. "ROW OF 5 MONUMENTS IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 3 METRES WEST OF TOWER OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140717)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  23. ^ Historic England. "GORY MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 17 METRES SOUTH OF SOUTH CHAPEL OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1159986)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  24. ^ Historic England. "LAWRENCE MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 17 METRES SOUTH EAST OF SOUTH CHAPEL OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1329096)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  25. ^ Historic England. "TRERY MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 4 METRES EAST OF SOUTH AISLE OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140680)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  26. ^ Historic England. "WATERS MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 40 METRES SOUTH EAST OF SOUTH CHAPEL OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1159995)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  27. ^ Historic England. "SKARDON MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 6 METRES WEST OF TOWER OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140682)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  28. ^ Historic England. "BEALE MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 3 METRES SOUTH OF SOUTH PORCH OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140679)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  29. ^ Historic England. "UNIDENTIFIED MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 3 METRES NORTH EAST OF NORTH AISLE OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140678)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  30. ^ Historic England. "WALKOM MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 40 METRES SOUTH EAST OF SOUTH CHAPEL OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1310762)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  31. ^ Historic England. "RULE MONUMENT IN THE CHURCHYARD ABOUT 35 METRES SOUTH EAST OF SOUTH CHAPEL OF CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST JULIAN, Maker-with-Rame (1140686)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2019-08-22.

External linksEdit