St Mary's Church, Purton

St Mary's Church is in the village of Purton in north Wiltshire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the Diocese of Bristol. It is one of only three churches in England to have both a western tower and a central spire. It has been designated a Grade I listed building by English Heritage.[1]

St Mary's, Purton
Church of St Mary the Virgin
St Mary's Church, Purton.jpg
St Mary's, Purton is located in Wiltshire
St Mary's, Purton
St Mary's, Purton
Location in Wiltshire
Coordinates: 51°35′00″N 1°51′42″W / 51.5833°N 1.8616°W / 51.5833; -1.8616
OS grid referenceSU 0968487172
LocationPurton, Wiltshire
CountryEngland
DenominationAnglican
History
StatusParish church
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationGrade I
Designated17 January 1955 (1955-01-17)
Administration
DeanerySwindon
ArchdeaconryMalmesbury
DioceseBristol
ProvinceCanterbury

HistoryEdit

There was a church at Purton no later than the 12th century; a capital from that time still exists in the wall of the nave, which was built in the early 13th century.[2] The chancel dates from the late 13th century.[2] The central tower, transept and a chapel south of the chancel were added in the 14th century.[2]

Restoration was carried out in 1872 by William Butterfield, when three walls of the chancel were rebuilt.[2] At this time a skeleton was discovered in a wall of the north transept.[2]

Nevil Maskelyne FRS (1732-1811), the fifth British Astronomer Royal, is buried in the churchyard.

ArchitectureEdit

ExteriorEdit

The church is constructed of coursed rubble limestone, with roofs of slate and lead.[1] Its plan consists of a three-bay nave with aisles, a tower to the west and a transept. Above the crossing is a steeple. There is a chancel, and a porch to the south. The west tower has angled buttresses and three stages; the upper stage has three-light belfry louvres, with perforated stone screens.[1] The tower has crocketed pinnacles at its corners and a stair turret to the north corner. The central steeple has two-light belfry louvres and a crenellated parapet. The spire is octagonal.[1] St Mary's is one of only three churches in England to have both a western tower and a central spire.[nb 1] The church houses a ring of eight bells hung for change ringing and a Sanctus bell. The first and second bells (the lightest) were cast in 1989, and the seventh in 1916 by John Taylor & Co of Loughborough; the third and fifth by Gillett & Johnston of Croydon in 1924 and 1923 respectively; the fourth by Robert Wells II in 1793; the sixth by Joseph Carter in 1598, the largest bell known to have been cast by this founder; and the tenor (heaviest) by Abel Rudhall of Gloucester in 1738. Rudhall also made the Sanctus bell, cast in 1760.[5]

The windows are three- and four-light, in the Perpendicular style, mostly dating from the 15th century. The window in the north aisle is reticulated and the east window in the chapel to the south is curvilinear. The chancel has two-light casement windows.[1]

InteriorEdit

In the chancel is an Early English piscina (a basin near the altar).[2] The chapel south of the chancel contains a decorated piscina.[2]

RecordsEdit

The surviving parish registers date from 1558 for marriages and burials, 1564 for baptisms;[6] there are gaps between 1641 and 1647 which coincide more or less with the disruptions of the English Civil War.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The other churches with both a western tower and a central spire are St Andrew's Church in Wanborough, Wiltshire and the Church of St Peter and St Paul in Ormskirk, Lancashire.[2][3][4]

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Historic England. "Church of St Mary (1283956)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Church of St. Mary, Purton". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  3. ^ Richardson (1919), p. 10
  4. ^ Boughen, Tony. "Ormskirk, St Peter & St Paul". Lancashire Churches. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  5. ^ "Purton—S Mary", Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, 28 February 2007, retrieved 22 September 2010
  6. ^ "Purton". GENUKI. Retrieved 16 January 2016.

SourcesEdit

  • Richardson, Ethel M. (1919), The Story of Purton; a Collection of Notes and Hearsay, Bristol: Arrowsmith, OCLC 12994691

External linksEdit

  Media related to St Mary's Church, Purton at Wikimedia Commons