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St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton

St Josephs Cathedral is a heritage-listed Roman Catholic cathedral at 170 William Street, Allenstown, Rockhampton, Rockhampton Region, Queensland, Australia. It was designed by Francis Drummond Greville Stanley and built from 1893 to 1982. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992.[1]

St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton
Cathedral of Saint Joseph
A photo of St Joseph's Cathedral in 1994
St Joseph's Cathedral, 1994
Location Rockhampton
Country Australia
Denomination Roman Catholic
Website Diocese of Rockhampton
History
Founded 11 June 1894 (1894-06-11)
Consecrated 15 October 1899 (1899-10-15)
Architecture
Status Cathedral (since 1893)
Church(1863-1892)
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Queensland Heritage Register
Designated 21 October 1992
Architect(s) Francis Drummond Greville Stanley
Architectural type Church
Style Neo-Gothic
Years built 1893-1982
Groundbreaking 1896
Completed 1982
Administration
Archdiocese Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane
Diocese Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockhampton
Clergy
Archbishop Mark Coleridge
Bishop(s) Michael McCarthy
Vicar(s) Fr Bryan Hanifin
Dean Fr Bryan Hanifin
Chancellor Fr Bryan Hanifin
Laity
Business manager Dean Smith
Servers' guild Archconfraternity of St Stephen
St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton
St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton is located in Queensland
St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton
Location of St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton in Queensland
St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton is located in Australia
St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton
Location of St Joseph's Cathedral, Rockhampton in Queensland
Location 170 William Street, Allenstown, Rockhampton, Rockhampton Region, Queensland, Australia
Coordinates 23°23′10″S 150°30′23″E / 23.3862°S 150.5065°E / -23.3862; 150.5065Coordinates: 23°23′10″S 150°30′23″E / 23.3862°S 150.5065°E / -23.3862; 150.5065
Design period 1870s - 1890s (late 19th century)
Built 1893 - 1982
Architect Francis Drummond Greville Stanley
Architectural style(s) Gothic
Official name: St Josephs Cathedral
Type state heritage (built)
Designated 21 October 1992
Reference no. 600822
Significant period 1890s, 1980s (historical)
1890s-1900s, 1980s (fabric)
ongoing (social)
Significant components tower, cathedral, views to, furniture/fittings, stained glass window/s

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
St. Joseph's Cathedral in Rockhampton, 1923

St Joseph's Roman Catholic Cathedral was constructed in 1893-1899 as the first catholic cathedral of Rockhampton manifesting the creation of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockhampton in 1882. The building was designed by prominent Brisbane architects, FDG Stanley and Son.[1]

 
Giovanni John Cani, Bishop of Rockhampton from 1882 to 1898

The first official Roman Catholic service in Rockhampton was held in May 1862, when Bishop James Quinn of Roman Catholic Diocese of Brisbane sent two young priests on a pastoral visit. Father James Scully and Father Patrick Duhig arrived aboard the Clarence and celebrated Mass in the local Court House with about fifty Roman Catholic people.[2] Whilst in Rockhampton the two priests instigated a fund raising exercise to support the construction of a church. This building was opened by Father J Moynahan on 4 January 1863, dedicated to St Joseph. Its location was on the corner of Derby and Alma Streets. Father Charles Murlay, later Dean Murlay, was appointed to the Rockhampton parish and looked after an area extending from Gladstone to Townsville and west to Blackall. In 1876 Bishop Quinn suggested that a site be found for the construction of a suitable cathedral as the parish was to become a Diocese. Land in William Street was secured by February 1877 and by 1883 the parish had raised £4000 for the construction of a cathedral. On 21 May 1882 Bishop John Cani was consecrated as the first Bishop of Rockhampton and he planned in earnest for the construction of a cathedral.[1]

Plans were prepared by Brisbane architects FDG Stanley and Son. Francis Drummond Greville Stanley was responsible for the design of many substantial churches throughout Queensland including St Patrick's Roman Catholic Church at Gympie, Holy Trinity Anglican Church at Fortitude Valley and St Paul's Presbyterian Church at Spring Hill. Tenders were called for the construction of the cathedral in Rockhampton and construction began on 11 June 1894. A foundation stone was laid by Bishop Cani on Sunday 17 March 1895.[3] Sandstone stone was quarried for the building from Stanwell Quarry, about 24 km west of Rockhampton and owned by Bishop Cani.[1]

Cani died on 3 March 1898 before the completion of St Joseph's Cathedral. As it was the custom of the Roman Catholic Church to bury a bishop within his cathedral, arrangements were made to inter Cani temporarily in the Rockhampton Cemetery with the intention to inter him permanently within the cathedral once completed.[4] His successor, Bishop Joseph Higgins, arrived on 20 July 1899 to a building only partially completed. Within two months of his arrival the cathedral was completed with a temporary east wall. Apparently local architects, Eaton and Bates were involved with the design of this final stage of construction. On 15 October 1899 an official opening ceremony was held when Cardinal Patrick Francis Moran of the Sydney Archdiocese celebrated Pontifical High Mass.[1][5]

On 22 July 1902 the remains of Bishop Cani were exhumed and re-interred in St Joseph's Cathedral in a "brief but impressive" ceremony. His remains were placed in a vault under a memorial window dedicated to him by the Sisters of Mercy.[6]

In 1918 the cathedral's flying buttresses were removed and strengthened. In 1980 the church received advice that the temporary wall of 1899 was unsafe and a programme was instigated for finally finishing the building. On 22 May 1982 Cardinal Sir James Darcy Freeman, Archbishop of Sydney, dedicated the completed cathedral. In 1987 the stained glass panels, first erected in the church in the first decade of the twentieth century, were returned to John Hardman Studios in England where they were restored before being returned to the St Joseph's Cathedral.[1]

DescriptionEdit

St Joseph's Roman Catholic Cathedral is a substantial sandstone building with traditional cruciform plan, comprising a nave, side aisles, transepts, apsidal chancel and two towers flanking the western front of the building. The cathedral is constructed from rockfaced coursed sandstone, with smooth faced sandstone detailing including coursing, mouldings, window and door surrounds and tracery.[1]

The principal facade of the building, the west front, is symmetrically composed and comprises a central entrance, a large traceried window above, several smaller openings and all flanked by two large towers. The towers are surmounted by broach spires, constructed from ashlar sandstone. The principal entrance to the building is through a pointed arched opening recessed in a heavily moulded doorway set within a projecting porch element with steeply pitched gabled awning. On the face of the gabled section, above the doorway is diaper work carved in the stone.[1]

The interior of the church is traditionally arranged, with a nave separated from side aisles by a pointed arched arcade. A narthex area, near the entrance, is also separated by a pointed arched arcade. The arcades are of ashlar sandstone and comprise simple round columns with moulded caps surmounted by moulded arches. The ceiling is vaulted to the shape of a shallow pointed arch and clad with horizontal timber boarding and lined with several heavy timber pointed arched rafters. The clerestory is formed with groups of three pointed arched openings. A gallery at the western front end of the church is supported above the narthex on the arcade separating the narthex from the nave.[1]

The interior of St Joseph's Cathedral houses many finely crafted items, including a black and white Italian marble "checkerboard" tiled floor and a number of stained and coloured glass panels depicting scenes from the New Testament. The stained glass windows were designed and manufactured by John Hardman and Son of England.[1]

Heritage listingEdit

St Josephs Cathedral was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992 having satisfied the following criteria.[1]

The place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland's history.

The cathedral demonstrates the growth of Rockhampton during the late nineteenth century. The substantial sandstone building constructed in 1892-3 as the first Roman Catholic Cathedral in Rockhampton reflecting the creation of the Diocese of Rockhampton in 1882.[1]

The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places.

The building is characteristic of substantial Gothic revival cathedrals, with sandstone construction, cruciform plan, Gothic detailing, steeply pitched roof, towers with spires, stained glass panels and internal furnishings and fittings.[1]

The place is important because of its aesthetic significance.

The building has aesthetic merit as a well composed building and a Rockhampton landmark.[1]

The place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.

The building has special associations for the Roman Catholic Community of central and north Queensland as their cathedral.[1]

The place has a special association with the life or work of a particular person, group or organisation of importance in Queensland's history.

The building is associated with the architect, FDG Stanley and with many influential archbishops of the Rockhampton Diocese.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "St Josephs Cathedral (entry 600822)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Advertising". Rockhampton Bulletin And Central Queensland Advertiser (44). Queensland, Australia. 3 May 1862. p. 3. Retrieved 15 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  3. ^ "THE NEW ROMAN CATHOLIC CATHEDRAL.". Morning Bulletin. XLVIII, (9643). Queensland, Australia. 18 March 1895. p. 5. Retrieved 15 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  4. ^ "THE LATE BISHOP CANI.". Morning Bulletin. LXI, (10,494). Queensland, Australia. 5 March 1898. p. 5. Retrieved 15 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  5. ^ "New Catholic Cathedral.". Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald And General Advertiser. XL, (5972). Queensland, Australia. 17 October 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 15 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  6. ^ "THE LATE BISHOP CANI.". The Capricornian. 28, (29). Queensland, Australia. 26 July 1902. p. 31. Retrieved 15 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 

AttributionEdit

  This Wikipedia article was originally based on "The Queensland heritage register" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 7 July 2014, archived on 8 October 2014). The geo-coordinates were originally computed from the "Queensland heritage register boundaries" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 5 September 2014, archived on 15 October 2014).

External linksEdit