St. Buenaventura's Church, Seville

St. Buenaventura's Church is situated in the calle Carlos Cañal (formerly calle de los Catalanos) in the Casco Antiguo of Seville, Andalusia, Spain. It was the church of the Franciscan College of San Buenaventura that was destroyed in the 19th century.

Facade of St. Buenaventura's Church.
Azulejo image of the Soledad at the Church's facade.

HistoryEdit

Luis de Rebolledo (1549-1613), definitor general of Andalucia’s ecclesiastical province and provincial superior of the Franciscans,[1] had planned the foundation of a college for theological studies separate from the existing Franciscan convent Casa Grande de San Francisco. In 1600, Doña Isabel de Sira, the widow of Andrés Corso de Casuche, protected the foundation of the College of San Buenaventura. She bought houses in the calle de la Mar, today calle García de Vinuesa.[2] In 1605, the space wasn't enough any more and the meanwhile founded college moved to its final location on an area of gardens of the convent Casa Grande de San Francisco.[2]

From 1626 the merchant Don Tomás Mañara de Leca y Colonna and his wife Jerónima Vicentelo, parents of Miguel Mañara, for his part founder of the Hospital de la Caridad patronized the college.[2]

Originally, the complex featured two cloisters.

The church was designed in 1622 by the sculptor and architect Diego López Bueno (c. 1568–1632).[3] The masons Juan de Segarra and Juan Bernardo de Velasco and the carpenter Felipe Nieto participated in its construction. The construction took place between 1622 and 1626. The decorative stuccoes were designed by Francisco Herrera the Elder and executed by Juan Bernardo de Velasco and Juan de Segarra.[3] The decorative program of the church was designed by Luis de Rebolledo and by the Franciscan theologian Damián de Lugones. The decoration of the church was carried out between 1626 and 1627.

With the French invasion in 1810, the college was converted into barracks and its church into a stall. Many artworks were destroyed or looted. After the expulsion of the French, the compound was recovered by the Franciscans between 1813 and 1814 and renovated for 30.000 real.[4] During the Trienio Liberal the convent's inhabitants were expulsed again and the buildings housed a museum of paintings and sculptures.[4] Between 1824 and 1835 the Franciscans came back. The convent was confiscated in 1835, leaving the church in charge of a chaplain.

In the 1863, the nave and the chapels on the Gospel side were removed and at its place today's calle Bilbao was built. The nave contained the Puerta Reglar.[5]

Representations from the life of St. Bonaventure painting cycleEdit

The church once showed a cycle of eight paintings with scenes from the life of Saint Bonaventure by Francisco Herrera the Elder and Francisco de Zurbarán, they are now spread over Spain, France, Germany and the USA. One painting was destroyed in World War II. A ninth painting, the Last Communion of Saint Bonaventure – today in the Palazzo Bianco, Genoa – is today attributed to the workshop of Francisco de Zurbarán. It is assumed that it has been in the church's sacristy.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See Zamora Jambrina, Hermenegildo. Real Academia de la Historia (ed.). "Luis de Rebolledo". Diccionario Biográfico electrónico. Retrieved 2021-09-21.
  2. ^ a b c Fernández González 2018, p. 132.
  3. ^ a b Fernández Rojas 1996, p. 160.
  4. ^ a b Fernández González 2018, p. 133.
  5. ^ del Castillo y Utrilla 1988, p. 189.
  6. ^ Baticle 1987, p. 86.

LiteratureEdit

(ordered by date)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°23′21″N 5°59′50″W / 37.389031°N 5.997309°W / 37.389031; -5.997309