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Saints Cyril and Methodius Cathedral

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The Saints Cyril and Methodius Cathedral in Nové Město, Prague, the Czech Republic, is the principal Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church.

Saints Cyril and Methodius Cathedral
Chrám svatého Cyrila a Metoděje
Pravoslavny katedralni chram sv. Cyrila a Metodeje Resslova Praha.jpg
Religion
AffiliationCzech and Slovak Orthodox Church
DistrictNové Město
RegionPrague
LeadershipChristopher of Prague
PatronSaints Cyril and Methodius
Location
CountryCzech Republic
Saints Cyril and Methodius Cathedral is located in Central Prague
Saints Cyril and Methodius Cathedral
Location in Central Prague
Saints Cyril and Methodius Cathedral is located in Prague
Saints Cyril and Methodius Cathedral
Location in Prague
Geographic coordinates50°4′33″N 14°25′1″E / 50.07583°N 14.41694°E / 50.07583; 14.41694Coordinates: 50°4′33″N 14°25′1″E / 50.07583°N 14.41694°E / 50.07583; 14.41694
Architecture
Architect(s)Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer
TypeCathedral
StyleCzech Baroque
Groundbreaking1730
Completed1736
ÚSKP No.44122/1-1221

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

According to oral tradition, the site where Saints Cyril and Methodius Cathedral stands was the site of a small church built by Bořivoj I, Duke of Bohemia, and dedicated by Saint Methodius himself. This link is based historically upon early and continuing reference to the name "Na Zderaze" for the existing church building. In 1091, the Czech lord Zderad was killed during the siege of Brno, and was buried in the earlier church which was near Prague. Zderad's name was then immortalized in the name of the street "Na Zderaze" which is adjacent to the cathedral, thus establishing a connection to this site that was hallowed by St. Methodius.

From 1115, the church of Saints Peter and Paul stood on the site of the present church, around which the Knights of the Cross built the Zderazsky monastery. During the Hussite Wars, the church was largely destroyed, leaving only a part of the choir standing. In 1705, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Prague, Breuner, established a retirement home for priests on the site of the monastery next to which a church was later built.

World War IIEdit

 
Bullet-scarred window to the crypt

In 1942, during World War II, the cathedral was the scene of the last stand of a number of Czech and Slovak patriots who, in Operation Anthropoid, had assassinated Reinhard Heydrich, SS-Obergruppenführer and chief of police. Karl Fischer von Treuenfeld was in command of the German troops that stormed the church on 18 June 1942. After a fierce gun battle, two of the Czechoslovaks were killed and the rest committed suicide to avoid capture.[1]

There is a museum in the church crypt dedicated to them as national heroes.

ReferencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Evans 2008, p. 277.

SourcesEdit

  • Evans, R. J. (2008). The Third Reich at War. The Third Reich Trilogy. New York: Penguin. ISBN 9780143116714.

External linksEdit

This article incorporates text from "Ss. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral" at OrthodoxWiki under a CC BY-SA 2.5 license.