Spiritualist art

Spiritualist art or spirit art or mediumistic art or psychic painting is a form of art, mainly painting, influenced by spiritualism. Spiritualism influenced art, having an influence on artistic consciousness, with spiritual art having a huge impact on what became modernism and therefore art today.[1]

The Portrait of the Lord Jesus Christ by Georgiana Houghton

Famous spiritual artists include Georgiana Houghton and Piet Mondrian.[2]

Spiritualism also inspired the pioneering abstract art of Vasily Kandinsky, Piet Mondrian, Kasimir Malevich and František Kupka.[3]

Precipitated paintingsEdit

"Precipitation" is works of art that appeared on canvas, ostensibly without the use of human hands, during a Spiritualist seance. In this case, the mediums claimed that the spirits produced the paintings directly, rather than by guiding the hands of a human artist.[4]

Automatic drawingEdit

Automatic drawings (distinguished from surrealist automatism), a term thought to originate with Anna Mary Howitt, were produced by mediums and practitioners of the psychic arts. It was thought by Spiritualists to be a spirit control that was producing the drawing while physically taking control of the medium’s body.[5][6] An alternative term for this is psychic painting.

In Brazil, among the various alleged mediums that stand out in this particular area, the names of Luiz Antonio Gasparetto [pt], José Medrado [pt], Marilusa Moreira Vasconcelos [pt] and Florêncio Anton [pt], among others.

Portraying the spiritsEdit

In the heyday of Spiritualism, it became very common for mediums to sketch portraits of spirits who they claimed were present during the seances.[4]

AuragraphsEdit

 
Auragraph

Auragraphs, which represent a person’s past, present, and potential as seen by a medium or clairvoyant. The name was coined, and the technique developed, by British medium Harold Sharp (1890-1980).[4][7]

Spirit architectureEdit

The Iulia Hasdeu Castle is a folly built in the form of a small castle by historian and politician Bogdan Petriceicu Hașdeu in the city of Câmpina, Romania. He claimed that his dead daughter, Iulia Hasdeu, provided the plans for building the castle during sessions of spiritism.

In the 1880s, Senator Federico Rosazza (1813-1899), an Italian politician connected with Masonic and spiritualist circles, commissioned the painter and architect Giuseppe Maffei (1821-1901), to convert a pre-existing village into a new town with his name, Rosazza. Maffei, a spiritualist, claimed that he received messages on how to build Rosazza from the spirits, including Saint Augustine.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Grovier, Kelly. "The medium's medium: The artists who 'spoke' to the dead". www.bbc.com.
  2. ^ correspondent, Mark Brown Arts (May 5, 2016). "Spiritualist artist Georgiana Houghton gets UK exhibition" – via www.theguardian.com.
  3. ^ Brenson, Michael (December 21, 1986). "Art View; How the Spiritual Infused the Abstract" – via NYTimes.com.
  4. ^ a b c Spiritualism and the Mystery of Modern Art, Massimo Introvigne, July 28, 2017
  5. ^ "Automatic Drawing and Painting". November 2, 2017.
  6. ^ Foot, Michelle. "How the Victorians brought famous artists back from the dead in seances". The Conversation.
  7. ^ "Auragraphs - Spirit Within Art". www.coralryder-spirit-psychic-art.com.
  8. ^ "ESSWE - European Society for the Study of Western Esotericism". www.esswe.org.

Further readingEdit

  • Early and contemporary spirit artists, psychic artists and medium painters from 5,000 B.C. to the present day. History, Study, Analysis, Maximillien de Lafayette, 2017
  • The Spiritual Dynamic in Modern Art - Art History Reconsidered, 1800 to the Present, Charlene Spretnak, Palgrave Macmillan US, 2014
  • Enchanted Modernities: Theosophy, the Arts and the American West, Sarah Victoria Turner, Fulgur Limited, 2019
  • Spiritualism and the Visual Imagination in Victorian Britain, Rachel Oberter, Yale University, 2007
  • Precipitated Spirit Paintings, Ron Nagy, 2006
  • Psychic Art, Seeing is Believing, Marion Voy, 2005
  • Introduction to Psychic Art and Psychic Readings : An Easy-to-Use, Step-by-Step Illustrated Guidebook, Kim Roberts, Lucy Byatt, Findhorn Press Ltd, 2017
  • Outsider Art: Visionary Worlds and Trauma, Daniel Wojcik, Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2016
  • The 300 masterpieces of art brut, outsider art, psychic art, spirit art, intuitive art, illuminated art, mediumistic art, Maximillien de Lafayette
  • Spirit Paintings and Art from the Afterlife: The Greatest Spirit Artists and Medium Painters of all Time, Maximillien de Lafayette, 2015

External linksEdit