Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction

Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) is the U.S. government's leading oversight authority on Afghanistan reconstruction. Congress created the Office of the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction to provide independent and objective oversight of the Afghanistan Reconstruction funds. Under the authority of Section 1229 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (PL 110-181), SIGAR conducts audit, inspections, and investigations to promote efficiency and effectiveness of reconstruction programs, and to detect and prevent waste, fraud, and abuse of taxpayer dollars. SIGAR also has a hotline that allows individuals to report suspected fraud.[1]

Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR)
Seal for the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction.gif
Agency overview
JurisdictionUnited States Government
HeadquartersCrystal City, Arlington, Virginia
Employees197 (October 2014)
Agency executive
  • John F. Sopko, Special Inspector General

SIGAR's mission is to "promote economy and efficiency of U.S.-funded reconstruction programs in Afghanistan and to detect and deter fraud, waste, and abuse by conducting independent, objective, and strategic audits, inspections, and investigations".

Quarterly reportsEdit

Public Law 110-181 directs SIGAR to submit a quarterly report to Congress.[2] This congressionally-mandated report summarizes SIGAR's audits and investigative activities. The report also provides an overview of reconstruction activities in Afghanistan and includes a detailed statement of all obligations, expenditures, and revenues associated with reconstruction.[3]

As part of its legislative mandate, SIGAR tracks the status of U.S. funds appropriated, obligated, and disbursed for reconstruction activities in Afghanistan in the Quarterly Report. As of September 30, 2019, the United States had appropriated approximately $132.55 billion for relief and reconstruction in Afghanistan since FY 2002. These funds have been allocated into four major areas:[4]

  • $82.55 billion for security ($4.57 billion for counternarcotics initiatives)
  • $34.46 billion for governance and development ($4.37 billion for counternarcotics initiatives)
  • $3.85 billion for humanitarian aid
  • $11.70 billion for civilian operations



John F. Sopko at the Atlantic Council 2014

Inspector General: In 2012, President Barack Obama selected John F. Sopko to serve as the Special Inspector General. Sopko has more than 30 years of experience in oversight and investigations as a prosecutor, congressional counsel and senior federal government advisor. He came to SIGAR from Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, an international law firm headquartered in Washington, D.C., where he had been a partner since 2009. Sopko's government experience includes over 20 years on Capitol Hill, where he held key positions in both the Senate and House of Representatives. He served on the staffs of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Select Committee on Homeland Security and the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations.

The Inspector General post was previously held by Steve Trent (acting), Herb Richardson (acting), and Arnold Fields.

Since being appointed, Sopko has testified multiple times before Congress on behalf of SIGAR.[5][6]

Deputy Inspector General: Gene Aloise joined SIGAR on September 4, 2012, as the Deputy Inspector General, he oversees day-to-day operations and assists the Inspector General in executing SIGAR's mission. Aloise came to SIGAR from the Government Accountability Office (GAO), where he served for 38 years. He has years of experience developing, leading, and managing GAO domestic and international work. His experience includes assignments with congressional committees as well as various offices within GAO.

Staffing and locationsEdit

According to the organization's October 2014 Report to Congress, SIGAR employed 197 federal employees. The report noted that SIGAR has 29 employees at the U.S. Embassy Kabul and eight other employees in Afghan locations outside the U.S. Embassy. SIGAR staff members were stationed at four locations across the country, including Kandahar and Bagram Airfields, Mazar-i-Sharif, and the U.S. Embassy Kabul. SIGAR employed three local Afghans in its Kabul office to support the Investigations and Audits directorates.


  • In October 2014, Over two dozen staffers of the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR), were recognized for outstanding achievements at the 17th Annual Inspector General Community awards ceremony. The awards included the Sentner award, two awards for audit excellence and two awards for excellence special act.[7]
  • In October 2012, SIGAR Audit and Investigative Teams won CIGIE Awards for Excellence. The awards included the Sentner award, an award for audit excellence and an investigation award for excellence.[8]
  • In May 2012, SIGAR special agents received a Public Service Award today from the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Virginia for their work in a major bribery case in Afghanistan.
  • In October 2011 a SIGAR audit team was presented the Sentner Award for Dedication and Courage for its work in Laghman Province auditing the Commander's Emergency Response Program.
  • In October 2011 another SIGAR team won an Award for Excellence for its audit of Afghan National Security Force facilities.[9]

Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) recognition & assistanceEdit

SIGAR, and its reports, findings and information, have also been widely discussed and distributed on Capitol Hill, the US Congress and with U.S. policymakers, by the Washington, D.C.-based Afghanistan Foundation, a non-profit public policy research organization (NGO). SIGAR's efforts have helped educated and inform policymakers in public policy research organizations, and think tanks, about issues regarding U.S. assistance programs, aid levels, and various projects, in Afghanistan, including problems of corruption in Afghanistan, the Kabul Bank crisis and other important matters.[10]


The Washington Post has filed FOI lawsuits for government documents related to an initiative of the Special Inspector General called "Lessons Learned". While the legal matter is pending before Judge Amy Berman Jackson of U.S. District Court in the District of Columbia, certain unedited transcripts of interviews have been released which reveal a pattern of disinformation on the part of the government watchdog.[11]

Oversight activityEdit


SIGAR's Audits Directorate conducts audits and inspections of reconstruction activities in Afghanistan. These audits are aimed at a range of programs and activities to fulfill SIGAR's legislative mandate. They identify problems associated with the United States' reconstruction effort, and make recommendations to improve efficiency and effectiveness.

SIGAR's audits range from assessments of program direction to narrower examinations of specific contracts or aspects of contract and program management. SIGAR's inspections are quick-impact assessments to determine whether infrastructure projects have been properly constructed, are being used as intended, and can be sustained. SIGAR also conducts forensic reviews of reconstruction funds managed by the Department of Defense, Department of State, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. These forensic reviews identify anomalies that may indicate fraud.


The Investigations Directorate conducts criminal and civil investigations of waste, fraud, and abuse relating to programs and operations supported with U.S. funds allocated for the reconstruction of Afghanistan. Results are achieved through criminal prosecutions, civil actions, forfeitures, monetary recoveries and suspension and debarments.

To accomplish its mission, SIGAR has full federal law enforcement authority through its enabling legislation as defined by the National Defense Authorization Act of 2008. SIGAR's Special Agents investigate crimes involving federal procurement fraud, contract fraud, theft, corruption, bribery of government employees and public officials, and a variety of civil matters pertaining to waste and abuse of U.S. taxpayer dollars.

  • As of the October 2014 Quarterly Report SIGAR had 322 ongoing investigations.[12][13][14]

Special ProjectsEdit

SIGAR's Special Projects team was created to examine emerging issues and deliver prompt, actionable reports to federal agencies and the Congress. Special Project's reports cover a wide range of programs and activities and the office is made up of auditors, analysts, investigators, lawyers, subject-matter experts and other specialists who can quickly and jointly apply their expertise to emerging problems and questions.[15]


Under its enabling legislation, SIGAR coordinates with and receives the cooperation of the following organizations while conducting oversight of U.S. reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan:

SIGAR and the inspectors general for the U.S. Agency for International Development, Defense Department and Department of State have jointly developed and agreed to a strategic plan for oversight of the roughly $104 billion in U.S. funds appropriated for Afghanistan reconstruction.[16]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

Recent quarterly reportsEdit

Recent reportsEdit


  1. ^ "SIGAR | Investigations". www.sigar.mil.
  2. ^ "Public Law 110-181" (PDF).
  3. ^ "SIGAR | Quarterly Reports". www.sigar.mil.
  4. ^ "SIGAR | Quarterly Reports". www.sigar.mil.
  5. ^ "Testimony before the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee on Thursday, September 13, 2012".
  6. ^ "Testimony before the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee on September 20, 2012".
  7. ^ 2014 CIGIE Awards Press release from SIGAR website
  8. ^ 2012 CIGIE Awards Press release from SIGAR website
  9. ^ 2011 Award Program from the website of the Council of Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency
  10. ^ Smith, Philip, Afghanistan Foundation, Washington, D.C. (04 January 2011) http://www.afghanistan-foundation.org
  11. ^ Whitlock, Craig. (9 December 2019). "Confidential documents reveal U.S. officials failed to tell the truth about the war in Afghanistan". MSN website Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  12. ^ "October 2014 SIGAR Quarterly Report" (PDF).
  13. ^ "List of Suspension and Debarment Cases".
  14. ^ "List of Criminal Cases".
  15. ^ "SIGAR | Special Projects". www.sigar.mil.
  16. ^ "Strategic plan of SIGAR and the inspectors general" (PDF).
  17. ^ "The Pentagon Blew $43 Million on 'The World's Most Expensive Gas Station' - VICE". www.vice.com. Retrieved 2020-02-10.