Spanish cruiser Velasco

Velasco was a Velasco-class unprotected cruiser of the Spanish Navy which fought in the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish–American War.

Crucerovelasco.jpg
Velasco
History
Armada Española EnsignSpain
NameVelasco
NamesakeVelasco
BuilderThames Ironworks & Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd.
Launched1881
FateSunk 1 May 1898
General characteristics
Class and type Velasco-class unprotected cruiser
Displacement1,152 tons
Length210 ft 0 in (64.01 m)
Beam32 ft 0 in (9.75 m)
Draft13 ft 8 in (4.17 m) maximum
Installed power1,500 ihp (1,100 kW)
Propulsion1-shaft, horizontal compound, 4-cylinder boilers
Sail planBarque-rigged
Speed13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph)
Complement173 officers and enlisted
Armament
Notes200 to 220 tons of coal (normal)

Technical characteristicsEdit

Velasco was built by the Thames Ironworks & Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd. at Leamouth, London in the United Kingdom, as the lead ship of a new class of eight Spanish unprotected cruisers. Her keel was laid in 1881. She had one rather tall funnel. She had an iron hull and was rigged as a barque. She and the second ship of the class, Gravina, also built in the United Kingdom, were differently armed from and slightly faster than the final six ships of the class, all of which were built in Spain.

Operational historyEdit

 
The wreck of Velasco.

When the Spanish–American War began in April 1898, Velasco was anchored in Manila Bay off the Cavite Peninsula as part of Rear Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasaron's Pacific Squadron. In the Battle of Manila Bay, she was still anchored there when the U.S. Navy's Asiatic Squadron attacked Montojo's squadron on 1 May 1898. She was sunk in the battle.

 
The view looking forward from the poop deck aboard the wreck of Velasco.

ReferencesEdit

  • Chesneau, Roger, and Eugene M. Kolesnik, Eds. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. New York, New York: Mayflower Books Inc., 1979. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
  • Nofi, Albert A. The Spanish–American War, 1898. Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: Combined Books, Inc., 1996. ISBN 0-938289-57-8.

External linksEdit