Rayamurari Sovideva[1] was a king of the Kalyana Kalachuris or Southern Kalachuris, who ruled over parts of present-day northern Karnataka and Maharashtra. Sovideva's rule was a "reign of terror", persecuted insurgents and the followers of Basavanna.[2]

Sovideva
King of Southern Kalachuris
Reignc. 1167 – c. 1176 CE
PredecessorBijjala II c. 1130 – c. 1167 CE
SuccessorSankama II c. 1176 – c. 1180 CE
FatherBijjala II

Ascension to the throneEdit

Rayamurari Sovideva was the younger son of the Kalyana Kalachuri king Bijjala II.[3]Bijjala II abdicated the throne and nominated Sovideva as his successor[3] in about 1167 CE. He also persuaded Channabasavanna, the nephew of the late Basavanna, to become prime minister for the purpose of pacifying the followers of the sharana movement. However, Bijalla had become so unpopular with the statesman Basavanna's followers that he was assassinated by them.[4] This occurred three months after the death of Basavanna.[2] Sovideva was the father-in-law of Malidevaraju, a prince of Palnadu kingdom who fought for the throne unsuccessfully.[5][1]

ReignEdit

Sovideva's succession was fiercely resisted by Mailugi, a younger brother of Bijjala II and Karna, a grandson of Bijalla. They claimed independence from Sovideva but were crushed by Sovideva, assisted by a general named Madhava.

Sovideva persecuted followers of the sharana movement and his troops chased the insurgents. According to Dr. Ratnakar D. Hosamani- "Chaos and confusion reigned supreme, insurrections and street fights became common". He was succeeded by his younger brother Sankama II.[2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "43. Rayamurari Sovideva". Great History Of Mudiraja Caste.
  2. ^ a b c Hosamani, Dr Ratnakar D. A Study of Historical Monuments in Bidar District (1st Century-17th Century CE). Lulu.com. ISBN 978-0-359-77997-0.
  3. ^ a b c Rickmers, Christian Mabel (1899). The Chronology of India, from the Earliest Times to the Beginning Os the Sixteenth Century. A. Constable & Company.
  4. ^ Sen, Sailendra Nath (15 March 2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Midpoint Trade Books Incorporated. p. 52-53. ISBN 978-93-80607-34-4.
  5. ^ Bommareddi, Aruna (29 October 2019). Narrative Traditions of a Telugu Epic: Paln?tiv?rula Katha. Notion Press. ISBN 978-1-64678-733-3.