Southern Textile Exposition
By the early 20th century, American textile production had moved into the Carolina Piedmont from its earlier center in New England. By the second decade of the century, South Carolina ranked second only to Massachusetts in textile production; and Greenville, located between Charlotte and Atlanta, was central to the industry.
In 1914, the Southern Textile Association approved the bid of Greenville mill owners to host the first textile machinery trade fair in the South. The first show, in 1915, was held in borrowed warehouses; but the trade fair was so successful that Greenville's Southern Textile Exposition, Inc. soon raised the money needed to build a permanent exhibition space, Textile Hall, on West Washington Street, which was effectively completed before the second exposition in 1917. In succeeding years the exhibition was often held biennially.
By 1946 Greenville could advertise itself as the "Textile Capital of the World," and by 1962 Textile Hall, even with nine annexes and additional leased space, proved inadequate to host the Textile Exposition. The Greenville corporation put up a larger building adjoining the Greenville Downtown Airport on the new U.S. Route 29-Bypass. In 1969 the Exposition joined with the American Textile Machinery Association to sponsor the American Textile Machinery Exhibition-International, the largest textile machinery show ever held in the United States.
By the end of the 20th century, low wages and new production capacity in countries such as China, India, and Brazil dramatically reduced textile production in the United States, especially in the Southeast. The Southern Textile Exposition was held in Greenville for a final time in 2004.
- E.D.G., "South Carolina's Mills," New York Times, February 4, 1900, 8.
- Ray Belcher, Greenville County, Carolina: From Cotton Fields to Textile Center of the World (Charleston: History Press, 2006), 63-65.
- Yancey S. Gilkerson, "Textile Hall's First Sixty Years," Proceedings and Papers of the Greenville County Historical Society, 5 (1980), 77-78. The five-story Textile Hall, approximately 101 by 235 feet, was designed by J. E. Sirrine and Company in Renaissance Revival style and was built by Fiske-Carter Construction Company on West Washington Street, near its intersection with Academy Street, in the western part of Greenville's central business district. Its auditorium, on the second level, included a stage and a balcony; and the tongue-and-groove maple floors were designed to accommodate operating textile machinery."National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form" (PDF). Retrieved March 4, 2019..
- From 1915 to 1972, the exhibition was held in 1915, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1946, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1968, 1970, 1972. Clemson Library Special Collections
- Gilkerson, 80; Archie Vernon Huff, Jr., Greenville: A History of the City and County in the South Carolina Piedmont (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1995), 390. The building itself was known successively as New Textile Hall, Palmetto Expo Center, Carolina First Convention Center, TD Convention Center, and finally in 2018, Greenville Convention Center. GSA Business Report.
- South Carolina Encyclopedia.
- South Carolina Encyclopedia. At the final show, many exhibitors "opted for smaller booths and offered product literature rather than demonstrating actual running machinery." Textile World, November 1, 2004. Exhibition records, 1915-1973, are held by Clemson University. Clemson Library Special Collections.