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South Thompson River

The South Thompson River is the southern branch of the Thompson River, the largest tributary of the Fraser River, in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It originates at the outlet of Little Shuswap Lake at the town of Chase and flows approximately 58 kilometres (36 mi) southwest and west through a wide valley to Kamloops where it joins the North Thompson River to form the main stem Thompson River.

South Thompson River
ThompsonRiverBritishColumbia Location.png
Thompson River's watershed
EtymologyThe Thompson River was named by Simon Fraser in honour of David Thompson[1]
Location
CountryCanada
ProvinceBritish Columbia
Physical characteristics
SourceLittle Shuswap Lake
 - coordinates50°49′50″N 119°41′29″W / 50.83056°N 119.69139°W / 50.83056; -119.69139[3]
 - elevation347 m (1,138 ft)[2]
MouthThompson River
 - location
Kamloops
 - coordinates
50°40′50″N 120°20′19″W / 50.68056°N 120.33861°W / 50.68056; -120.33861Coordinates: 50°40′50″N 120°20′19″W / 50.68056°N 120.33861°W / 50.68056; -120.33861[3]
 - elevation
336 m (1,102 ft)[2]
Length58 km (36 mi)[4]
Basin size18,000 km2 (6,900 sq mi)[4]
Discharge 
 - locationChase[5]
 - average292 m3/s (10,300 cu ft/s)[5]
 - minimum45.3 m3/s (1,600 cu ft/s)
 - maximum1,610 m3/s (57,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftChase Creek, Monte Creek, Campbell Creek
 - rightNiskonlith Creek

Highway 1, the Trans-Canada Highway, and the mainline of the Canadian Pacific Railway parallel the river. Little Shuswap Lake is fed by the Little River, which drains Shuswap Lake, which is fed by several rivers and creeks.

Before 1982 the river was considered to start at the outlet of Shuswap Lake rather than Little Shuswap Lake, but the short river between Shuswap Lake and Little Shuswap Lake was officially renamed Little River in keeping with long-established local usage.[3]

The South Thompson's main tributaries are Chase Creek, which joins from the south at Chase, Niskonlith Creek, which joins from the north near Niskonlith Lake Provincial Park, Monte Creek, which joins from the south at Monte Creek, and Campbell Creek, which joins from the south.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Thompson River". BC Geographical Names.
  2. ^ a b Elevation derived from ASTER Global Digital Elevation Model, using GeoLocator, and BCGNIS coordinates
  3. ^ a b c "South Thompson River". BC Geographical Names.
  4. ^ a b c "South Thompson River Watershed Management Study" (PDF). Northwest Hydraulic Consultants and Urban Systems. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Archived Hydrometric Data Search". Water Survey of Canada. Archived from the original on 24 December 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2013. Search for Station 08LE031 South Thompson River at Chase

External linksEdit