South Carolina State University
South Carolina State University (SCSU or SC State) is a public historically black university in Orangeburg, South Carolina. It is the only public, historically black land-grant institution in South Carolina, is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund, and is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS).
|Motto||Scientia, Officium, Honos|
Motto in English
|Knowledge, Duty, Honor|
|Established||March 4, 1896|
|President||James E. Clark|
|Campus||447 acres (181 ha),|
(160 acres (65 ha) at Orangeburg campus,
287 acres (116 ha) additional acres at Camp Harry Daniels in Elloree, South Carolina)
|Colors||Garnet and Blue|
|Athletics||NCAA Division I – MEAC|
|Nickname||Bulldogs or Lady Bulldogs|
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Campus
- 4 Athletics
- 5 Student life
- 6 Notable alumni
- 7 See also
- 8 Footnotes
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
The university's beginnings were as the South Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical Institute in 1872 in Orangeburg, S.C created in 1872 in compliance with the 1862 Land Grant Act within the institution of Claflin College, now Claflin University.
In 1896 the South Carolina General Assembly passed an act of separation and established a separate institution – the "Colored Normal Industrial Agricultural and Mechanical College of South Carolina", its official name until 1954.
1920s – 1940sEdit
Academic programs received more attention as the student population increased, but other programs, such as the university's high school, were forced to close due to the Great Depression. The New Deal Programs were used to create, among other things, Wilkinson Hall, the university's first separate library building (now home to Admissions and Financial Aid).
1940s – 1950sEdit
The college's campus grew, as it purchased over 150 acres (61 ha) for agricultural learning. After World War II, many students flocked to the college, creating a classroom shortage problem for the school. In 1947, the United States Army created an ROTC detachment, in which all male students were required to enroll until mandatory enrollment ended in 1969.
The school's name changed, as well, as the South Carolina General Assembly renamed the school South Carolina State College in 1954. Because of the "separate but equal" laws in the state, the legislature gave the college large sums of money to build new academic facilities and dormitories, some of which still stand on the campus today, including the Student Union (1954), and Turner Hall (1956). This was done in order to give black students an environment of "equal" education. Also, the legislature created a law program for the college, mainly to prevent black students from attending the law school at the then-segregated University of South Carolina. The law program folded in 1966 after the University of South Carolina integrated.
1960s – 1980sEdit
During the height of the Civil Rights Movement, many students participated in marches and rallies aimed at ending segregation. The struggle came to a climax on the night on February 8, 1968, when three students were killed and 27 others were wounded by state policemen at the height of a protest that opposed the segregation of a nearby bowling alley. The tragedy, known as the Orangeburg massacre, is commemorated by a memorial plaza near the front of the campus.
From the late-1960s to the mid-1980s, under the leadership of M. Maceo Nance, the campus experienced unprecedented growth in the form of new academic buildings, such as Nance Hall (1974) and Belcher Hall (1986), new residence halls, such as Sojourner Truth Hall (1972), which, at 14 stories, is the tallest building in Orangeburg County, and a new library building (1968), not to mention enlargements and renovations of existing facilities. The school also opened the I.P. Stanback Museum & Planetarium, which is the only facility of its kind on a historically black university campus in the United States. After Nance's retirement in 1986, Albert Smith assumed the office of the school's president and, among other achievements, created an honors college in 1988.
During the tenure of Smith, the school also gained university status from the South Carolina General Assembly, becoming South Carolina State University in February 1992. In 1993, Barbara Hatton became the school's first female president and created many improvements for the campus, such as the 1994 renovation of Oliver C. Dawson Bulldog Stadium, constructing new suites and a larger press box, as well as increasing its capacity to 22,000. Hatton also spearheaded the creation of a plaza which resides in front of the Student Union and passes by several dorms and buildings in the central portion of the campus. Under SC State's next president, Leroy Davis, South Carolina State University celebrated its 100th anniversary in 1996, and the school constructed a Fine Arts Center in 1999, giving the Art and Music departments a new home.
2000 – presentEdit
|In an attempt to resurrect the shootings of the "Orangeburg Massacre", filmmaker Dan Klores made a short film entitled, "Black Magic" that debuted on ESPN March 16, 2008. Also set to broadcast on PBS in fall 2008, is the documentary film "Orangeburg", by Bestor Cram and Judy Richardson, both activists from the 1960s. Both films set out to shine light upon an incident that lacked media coverage on the night it occurred and days following. Since it commenced at night, no one expected the shootings and therefore limited pictures or television images were available to the general public. The little attention that this tragedy received was not all accurate either. It was originally perceived that this confrontation was fueled by "black power advocates" and that gunfire was exchanged between the law enforcement officials and the protesters. Later it was discovered that the victims were in fact all unarmed. The recent media awareness and film interest regarding this event may influence the passing of a bill that was introduced in 2007 to reopen the investigation into Orangeburg.|
Under the leadership of Andrew Hugine Jr., the school constructed a new 771-bed residence hall (Hugine Suites), which is the largest dormitory in South Carolina. The first four buildings in Phase One opened on August 26, 2006, and the last two in the first phase opened on September 10, 2006. With the opening of the new dorms, SC State has closed the following dorms, Bethea (freshmen male), Miller (female), Bradham (female), and Manning (female) Halls. Both Bradham and Manning Halls had been used since the World War I era, Miller Hall is being closed due to fire alarm system malfunctions, and Bethea is being closed after 50 years of service due to numerous building and health problems. Bethea Hall will be torn down to make way for a new $33 million complex for the School of Engineering.
The dining halls, both Washington Dining Hall and "The Pitt", located in the Student Union, received major facelifts, and the dining hall inside Truth Hall has been renovated into a cyber cafe, Pete's Arena. The university is also working to renovate Lowman Hall, which, when refurbished, will be the new administration building. South Carolina State recently broke ground on the new James E. Clyburn University Transportation Center (UTC), which will be home to the only UTC in South Carolina, one of only three among Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), and one of only 33 total UTCs in the nation. Currently work is being done to expand Hodge Hall. This science building will be gaining some much needed research and laboratory space.
South Carolina State hosted the first debate of the 2008 Democratic Party Presidential Candidate Debate series. This event, which took place on April 26, 2007 at the Martin Luther King Auditorium, was televised nationally on MSNBC. This debate made SC State the first Historically Black University to host a Presidential Candidate Debate on its campus.
Hugine's contract was terminated by the SC State Board of Trustees on December 11, 2007, only four days before the Fall Commencement Exercises, by a telephone conference meeting. According to the Board, his reasons for dismissal were a performance review of Hugine for the 2006–2007 school year, and a second education review. Hugine is on administrative leave, and his last day as president was January 4, 2008. The Board decided to conduct a national search for a new president immediately. On December 13, 2007, the Board selected Leonard McIntyre, the Dean of the College of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences at SC State to serve as Interim President. Hugine was the fourth president to leave SC State since Nance retired in 1986.
George Cooper, formerly with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, assumed the presidency of S.C. State on July 16, 2008 and was the tenth president to be at SCSU University. The SC State Board of Trustees voted to terminate Cooper's contract on June 15, 2010. John E. Smalls, senior vice president of finance, was appointed to lead the university in the interim. President Cooper was reinstated two weeks later after a change in board membership. His predecessor, Andrew Hugine, Jr., who was also dismissed and sued the university, eventually accepting $60,000 to drop his suit for defamation and breach of contract. Mr. Hugine, now president of Alabama A&M University sought $1-million from South Carolina State and $2-million from the trustees who voted to oust him.
Colleges, departments, and schoolsEdit
- College of Graduate and Professional Studies
- Department of Family & Consumer Sciences
- Department of Health Sciences
- Department of Human Services
- Department of Graduate Studies
- Department of Military Sciences
- Department of Nursing
- College of Education, Humanities, and Social Sciences
- Department of Education
- Department of English and Modern Languages
- Department of Social Sciences
- Department of Visual and Performing Arts
- College of Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Technology
- Department of Biological & Physical Sciences
- Department of Civil & Mechanical Engineering Technology and Nuclear Engineering
- Department of Industrial & Electrical Engineering Technology
- Department of Mathematics and Computer Sciences
- Honors College
- School of Business
- Department of Accounting, Agribusiness, and Economics
- Department of Business Administration
Nuclear Engineering ProgramEdit
SCSU is the only university in South Carolina and only HBCU in the nation to offer a bachelor's degree in nuclear engineering. Currently the program operates through a partnership with North Carolina State University and University of Wisconsin-Madison. As of May 2015, 47 bachelor's degrees have been conferred by SCSU.
South Carolina State is regionally accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS).
The university was placed on probation in June 2014 for failing to meet the accreditor's standards "concerning governing board conflicts of interest and board/administration structure, as well as financial stability and controls." In June 2015, the SACS decided to allow the college to retain its accreditation, but kept them on probation for another year. In June 2016, SACSCOC decided to remove the college from probation and retain full accreditation with no sanctions.
The school's campus size is 160 acres (65 ha), with an additional 267 acres (108 ha) at Camp Harry Daniels in Elloree, South Carolina. Three buildings, Lowman Hall, Hodge Hall, and Dukes Gymnasium are included in the South Carolina State College Historic District, and separately listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The library is the Miller F. Whittaker Library. The library was allocated $1 million from the South Carolina General Assembly in 1967 for its construction, and the library was dedicated in 1969. The library is named in honor of the university's third president. Originally two levels, a third level (the mezzanine) was added in a 1979 expansion.
South Carolina State is a charter member of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) and participates in NCAA Division I (FCS for college football). The school sponsors basketball, soccer, volleyball, softball, cross country, track and field, and tennis for women, and basketball, tennis, track and field, cross country, and football for men. The athletic teams compete as the Bulldogs or Lady Bulldogs and the school colors are garnet and navy blue.
The school's football team has won more conference championships than any other school in the MEAC, with wins in 1974, 1975 (shared title with North Carolina A&T), 1976 (shared title with Morgan State University), 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982 (shared title with Florida A&M), 1983, 1994, 2004, when it shared the title with Hampton University, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (shared title with Bethune–Cookman and Florida A&M), 2013 (shared title with Bethune–Cookman), and 2014 (shared title with North Carolina Central University, North Carolina A&T, Morgan State, and Bethune–Cookman). The team also has four Black College Football National Championship titles, with the most recent title won in 2009.
In 1994, head coach Willie Jeffries led the team to a 10–2 record and defeated Grambling State University and coach Eddie Robinson in the Heritage Bowl by a score of 31–27, which crowned South Carolina State the 1994 Black College Football National Champions.
Greek letter organizationsEdit
The university currently has chapters for all nine of the National Pan-Hellenic Council organizations
|Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority||ΑΚΑ||Beta Sigma||ΒΣ|
|Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity (Inactive)||ΑΦΑ||Beta Delta||ΒΔ|
|Delta Sigma Theta Sorority||ΔΣΘ||Alpha Xi||ΑΞ|
|Iota Phi Theta Fraternity||ΙΦΘ||Zeta Lambda||ΖΛ|
|Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity||ΚΑΨ||Alpha Lambda||ΑΛ|
|Omega Psi Phi Fraternity||ΩΨΦ||Xi Psi||ΞΨ|
|Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity||ΦΒΣ||Eta Alpha||HA|
|Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority||ΣΓΡ||Zeta Kappa||ZK|
|Zeta Phi Beta Sorority||ΖΦΒ||Psi Alpha||ΨΑ|
Other National Organizations include:
|Alpha Kappa Psi Professional Business Fraternity||ΑΚΨ||Kappa Upsilon||KY|
|Kappa Kappa Psi Honorary Band Fraternity||ΚΚΨ||Zeta Eta||ΖΗ|
|Tau Beta Sigma Honorary Band Sorority||ΤΒΣ||Epsilon Chi||EX|
|Kappa Delta Pi (International Honor Society in Education)||ΚΔΠ||Xi Xi||ΞΞ|
|Beta Gamma Sigma Business Honor Society||ΒΓΣ|
|Beta Alpha Psi Business Honor Organization||ΒΑΨ||Lambda Theta||ΛΘ|
|Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity||ΣΑΙ||Lambda Xi||ΛΞ|
|Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity of America||ΦΜΑ||Nu Iota||NI|
|Phi Alpha Delta Legal Fraternity||ΦΑΔ||District XXV||pre-waw|
|Delta Phi Delta (National Dance Fraternity)||ΔΦΔ||Mu||M|
|Sigma Lambda Gamma (Multicultural Sorority)||ΣΛΓ||Psi Delta||ΨΔ|
|Kappa Pi (International Honorary Art Fraternity)||ΚΠ||Eta Iota||ΗΙ|
|Alpha Psi Omega (National Theatre Honor Society)||ΑΨΩ||Psi Phi||ΨΦ|
|Beta Beta Beta ( National Biological Honor Society)||ΒΒΒ||Alpha Upsilon||ΑΥ|
|Alpha Mu Gamma (National Foreign Language Honor Society)||ΑΜΓ|
|Alpha Nu Sigma (National Nuclear Honor Society)||ΑΝΣ||Alpha Chapter Cluster|
|Alpha Phi Sigma (National Criminal Justice Honor Society)||ΑΦΣ|
|Beta Kappa Chi (National Scientific Honor Society)||ΒΚΧ|
|Chi Eta Phi (National Registered Professional/Student Nurses Sorority)||ΧΗΦ||Delta Eta Beta||ΔΗΒ|
|Kappa Omicron Nu (Human Sciences Honor Society)||ΚΟΝ||Kappa Gamma Sigma||ΚΓΣ|
|Phi Alpha (Social Work Honor Society)||ΦΑ||Lambda Delta||ΛΔ|
|Psi Chi (International Honor Society in Psychology)||ΨΧ|
|Sigma Alpha Eta (National Speech Honor Society)||ΣΑΗ|
|Sigma Alpha Pi||ΣΑΠ|
|Sigma Gamma Alpha (National Academic Greek Honor Society)||ΣΓΑ|
|Sigma Pi Sigma (National Physics Honor Society)||ΣΠΣ||Eta Xi||ΗΞ|
|Tau Alpha Pi (National Honor Society for Engineering Technology)||ΤΑΠ||South Carolina Iota||SC I|
|Tau Rho Beta Consortium for Music Ensembles,||ΤΡΒ|
The university's marching band is known as The Marching 101. The band are regular performers at football games throughout the southeast, nationally televised professional football games, and has performed in The Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade and The Rose Bowl Parade. The band was organized in 1918 as a "regimental band" performing military drills as well as assisting with music in the college Sunday school and other occasions. From 1924 on, a succession of band directors influenced the growth of the band as it became part of the Department of Music program. The nickname "Marching 101" came about when the band started with 100 members and 1 majorette. Today, the band has over 150 members and is accompanied by a majorette team named "Champagne". In 2011,2012,2014 and 2016 the Marching 101 was voted to perform at the annual Honda Battle of the Bands held in the Georgia Dome in Atlanta.
|Richard G. Shaw||First African-American to serve as Insurance Commissioner in West Virginia|
|Essie Mae Washington-Williams||1946||Educator and African-American daughter of former U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond|
|Andrew Hugine, Jr.||1971, 1974||Former S.C. State President (2003–2008); Current President of Alabama A & M University|
|M. Christopher Brown II||1993||Current President of Kentucky State University Former President of Alcorn State University|
|Benjamin F. Payton||1955||Former President of Tuskegee University|||
|George Bradley||1983||Former President of Paine College|||
|Anthony Parker||1975||President of Albany Technical College|||
Arts and mediaEdit
|Doris Funnye Innis||1955||writer, journalist, educator, editor of Congress of Racial Equality publications, Rights and Reviews and CORE Magazine|
|Horace Ott||pianist, composer, conductor and record producer|
|Ron Westray||jazz trombonist, domposer and educator|
|Armstrong Williams||1981||syndicated radio, television and newspaper political columnist|
|Kára McCullough||2013||Miss USA 2017, Miss Washington District of Columbia USA 2016||http://missdistrictofcolumbiausa.com/|
Politics, law, and governmentEdit
|Juanita Goggins||First African-American woman elected to the South Carolina legislature|
|James E. Clyburn||1961||U.S. Representative from South Carolina (1993–present) and Majority Whip (2007–2011) in the United States Congress|
|Ernest A. Finney, Jr.||JD, 1954||First African-American Supreme Court Justice appointed to the South Carolina Supreme Court since the Reconstruction Era|
|Matthew J. Perry||1948,1951||United States Federal Judge|
|Clifford L. Stanley||1969||U.S. Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness|
|John W. Matthews, Jr.||South Carolina State Senate|
|Amos M. Gailliard Jr.||1951||retired Brigadier General in the New York Guard|
|Abraham J. Turner||1976||retired Major General in the United States Army|
|Stephen Twitty||1985||Major General in the United States Army|
|Henry Doctor Jr.||1954||retired Lieutenant General in the United States Army|
|Willie Jeffries||1959||Legendary college football coach at South Carolina State and Howard University. He was first African-American coach of a Division I majority white school.|
|Deacon Jones||former Professional football player for the Los Angeles Rams, San Diego Chargers, and Washington Redskins; inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1980|
|Phillip Adams||2010||current NFL defensive back|
|Willie Aikens||former Major League Baseball player|
|Rickey Anderson||former National Football League running back|
|Orlando Brown||former professional football player for Cleveland Browns and Baltimore Ravens.|
|Rafael Bush||2010||former NFL defensive back|
|Barney Bussey||1984||former NFL defensive back|
|Kenny Bynum||former National Football League running back|
|Harry Carson||former Professional football player for the New York Giants; inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2006|||
|Edwin Bailey||1980||former NFL guard for the Seattle Seahawks|
|Rufus Bess||1978||former Professional football player for the Minnesota Vikings|
|Charlie Brown||1981||former Professional football player Washington Redskins|
|Barney Chavous||1973||former NFL defensive end|
|Dextor Clinkscale||1979||former National Football League safety for the Dallas Cowboys|
|Chartric Darby||Professional football player for Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Seattle Seahawks.|
|Will Ford||Professional football player in the Canadian Football League|
|John Gilliam||1966||former Professional football player for the St. Louis Cardinals, New Orleans Saints and Minnesota Vikings|
|Darius Hadley||former Professional football player in the Arena Football League|
|Dwayne Harper||1987||former Professional football player for the Seattle Seahawks|
|LaKendrick Jones||former football player in the Arena Football League|
|William Judson||1981||former Professional football player Miami Dolphins|
|Angelo King||1980||former Professional football player Dallas Cowboys|
|James Lee||Professional football player Tampa Bay Buccaneers|
|Darius Leonard||2017||NFL linebacker for the Indianapolis Colts|
|Marshall McFadden||current NFL linebacker|
|Robert Porcher||1992||former Professional football player for the Detroit Lions|
|Raleigh Roundtree||former National Football League player|
|Donnie Shell||1974||former Professional football player for the Pittsburgh Steelers|
|Mickey Sims||former Professional football player Cleveland Browns|
|Christian Thompson||2012||NFL defensive back for Baltimore Ravens|
|Wendell Tucker||1965||former Professional football player for the Los Angeles Rams|
- Stevens, Matthew. "SC State University names James E. Clark as new president". wach.com. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- "SC State University: An 1890 Land-Grant University", www.scsu.edu
- Arango, Tim (2008-04-16). "Films Revisit Overlooked Shootings on a Black Campus". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-17.
- "South Carolina State University". Scsu.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
- Fain, Paul (2010-07-01). "South Carolina State U.'s Board Rehires Ousted President – Administration – The Chronicle of Higher Education". Chronicle.com. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
- "Fired President Settles His Lawsuit Against South Carolina State U. – The Ticker – Blogs – The Chronicle of Higher Education". Chronicle.com. 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
- "South Carolina State University". www.scsu.edu. Retrieved 2016-06-09.
- "South Carolina State University".
- Doug Lederman (June 20, 2014). "A College Loses Accreditation". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- Levins, Savannah (June 11, 2015). "SC State Keeps Accreditation, Still on Probation". WLTX. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Wilks, Avery. "S.C. State escapes death sentence, retains accreditation". The State. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Miller F. Whittaker Library, South Carolina State University.
- About the Library, South Carolina State University.
- Silverberg, David (October 24, 2016). "Former Tuskegee President Benjamin Payton shaped Alabama school, civil rights history". Naples Daily News. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- "Harry Carson". databaseFootball.com. Archived from the original on March 14, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2012.
- Shuler, Jack. Blood and Bone: Truth and Reconciliation in a Southern Town. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2012. —Account of 1968 campus shooting.