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Record of Law in the Colonial PeriodEdit

The English Royal Charter of March 1663 that handed the eight Lords' Proprietors of Carolina the land composing of modern-day North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia spurred an actual colonizing expedition and the drafting of a founding constitution. In 1670 Proprietor Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper and famed philosopher John Locke combined to realize the first revised colonial constitution accepted by the body Proprietorship. The importance to legal history of this first constitution is that it actually banned legal practice as a profession and sought to simplify legal dictates so that under educated nobles could run the colony effectively. The 1670 constitution banned legal commentary and established eight administrative courts whose aristocratic members composed part of a Grand Council that would prepare legislation produced in the colony's parliament.[1] The journal of the Grand Council would, due to that body's power, become the first legislative record of the Carolina colony but also contains judicial rulings and executive actions undertaken due to the Council's fiat.[2] Chief Justice Nicholas Trott compiled the first comprehensive record of parliamentary statutes in 1712 which covered all the preceding years from 1682,[3] with the majority being English common law statutes that could still apply in a vastly different environment.[4] The collection of South Carolina colonial and state laws released by Judge John Grimke in 1790 includes the record from before Trott's time in office up until the formation of the United States.[5]

Record of Law between Independence and the American Civil WarEdit

The next compendium of South Carolina law would be gathered and edited by legal reformer Dr. Thomas Cooper. Cooper acted under a resolution passed by the General Assembly in December 1834 to "compile under his direction the statute law of the state, now of force". Cooper commented of his task,

I am required to compile an edition of the Statute Law of South-Carolina: Is it to be an imperfect and mutilated edition of our public Law, or one that will answer the description of the 'Statutes at Large'? I have preferred the latter: because, it is better to insert somewhat too much than somewhat too little: because, the reasons for a present law, are often derived from, and the law itself elucidated by, the imperfections it is meant to supersede -.[6]

Cooper died before the fifth volume went to the publisher leading to the appointment of Dr. David James Mccord by Governor Patrick Noble to finish the project.[7] The tenth and final volume, an index, was published in 1841.[8] Legislative year books published by the General Assembly would continue to proliferate, covering the time period from Mccord's work through the American Civil War.[9] Volumes in the format seen of The Statutes at Large would have to wait until after the massive upheaval of the 1860s, to be added for the collective educational benefit of South Carolina's legal community.

Titles of the South Carolina Code of Laws 2016Edit

Title 1 - Administration of the GovernmentEdit

Title 2- General AssemblyEdit

Title 3- U.S. Government, Agreements and Relations withEdit

Title 4- CountiesEdit

Title 5- Municipal CorporationsEdit

Title 6- Local Government: Provisions Applicable to Special Purpose Districts and Other Political SubdivisionsEdit

Title 7- ElectionsEdit

Title 8- Public Officers and EmployeesEdit

Title 9- Retirement SystemsEdit

Title 10- Public Buildings and PropertyEdit

Title 11- Public FinanceEdit

Title 12- TaxationEdit

Title 13- Planning, Research and DevelopmentEdit

Title 14- CourtsEdit

Title 15- Civil Remedies and ProceduresEdit

Title 16- Crimes and OffensesEdit

Title 17- Criminal ProceduresEdit

Title 18- AppealsEdit

Title 19- EvidenceEdit

Title 20- Domestic RelationsEdit

Title 21- Estates, Trusts, FiduciariesEdit

Title 22- Magistrates and ConstablesEdit

Title 23- Law Enforcement and Public SafetyEdit

Title 24- Corrections, Jails, Probations, Paroles and PardonsEdit

Title 25- Military, Civil Defense and Veteran AffairsEdit

Title 26- Notaries Public and AcknowledgementsEdit

Title 27- Property and ConveyancesEdit

Title 28- Eminent DomainEdit

Title 29- Mortgages and Other LiensEdit

Title 30- Public RecordsEdit

Title 31- Housing and RedevelopmentEdit

Title 32- Contracts and AgentsEdit

Title 33- Corporations, Partnerships, and AssociationsEdit

Title 34- Banking, Financial Institutions, and MoneyEdit

Title 35- SecuritiesEdit

Title 36- Commercial CodeEdit

Title 37- Consumer Protection CodeEdit

Title 38- InsuranceEdit

Title 39- Trade and CommerceEdit

Title 40- Professions and OccupationsEdit

Title 41- Labor and EmploymentEdit

Title 42- Workers' CompensationEdit

Title 43- Social ServicesEdit

Title 44- HealthEdit

Title 45- Hotels, Motels, Restaurants and BoardinghousesEdit

Title 46- AgricultureEdit

Title 47- Animals, Livestock and PoultryEdit

Title 48- Environmental Protection and ConservationEdit

Title 49- Waters, Water Resources and DrainageEdit

Title 50- Fish, Game and WatercraftEdit

Title 51- Parks, Recreation and TourismEdit

Title 52- Amusements and Athletic ContestsEdit

Title 53- Sundays, Holidays and Other Special DaysEdit

Title 54- Ports and Maritime MattersEdit

Title 55- AeronauticsEdit

Title 56- Motor VehiclesEdit

Title 57- Highways, Bridges and FerriesEdit

Title 58- Public Utilities, Services and CarriersEdit

Title 59- EducationEdit

Title 60- Libraries, Archives, Museums and ArtsEdit

Title 61- Alcohol and Alcoholic BeveragesEdit

Title 62- South Carolina Probate CodeEdit

Title 63- South Carolina Children's CodeEdit

  • Chapter 19 Articles 1-23 established the South Carolina Department of Juvenile Justice and outlined the means and methods by which minors in the state can be prosecuted and subsequently incarcerated if convicted. This chapter was a part of South Carolina House Bill H.4747, passed in 2008, that established the Children's Code so as to combine aspects of the extant South Carolina Family Court, child crime, and child support statutes.[10][11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sirmans, Miriam Eugene (1966). Colonial South Carolina: A Political History 1663-1763. Chapel Hill, NC: University Of North Carolina Press. pp. 3–15. ISBN 0807809993.
  2. ^ Salley, A.S. (1907). Journal of the Grand Council of South Carolina 1671-1680. Columbia, SC: The Historical Commission of South Carolina.
  3. ^ Cooper and Mccord (1836). The Statutes at Large of South Carolina. Columbia, South Carolina. pp. Vol. 2 pages 1–2.
  4. ^ Friedman, Lawrence (1973). A History of American Law (2nd ed.). New York, New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc. p. 93. ISBN 0-671-81591-1. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  5. ^ Grimke, John (1790). The Public Laws of the State of South-Carolina, From It's Establishment as a British Province Down to the Year 1790. Philadelphia. pp. Introduction and Contents.
  6. ^ Cooper, Thomas, ed. (1836). The Statutes at Large of South Carolina Vol. 1. Columbia, S.C.: A.S. Johnson. pp. IV–V – via Archive.org.
  7. ^ Cooper, Thomas, ed. (1839). The Statutes at Large of South Carolina vol. 5. Columbia, SC: A.S. Johnson. p. i.
  8. ^ Mccord, David James (ed.). The Statutes at Large of South Carolina vol. 10. Columbia, S.C.: A.S. Johnson. p. cover page.
  9. ^ Acts and Joint Resolutions of the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina. Columbia, SC: Republican Print, Co. 1839–1865.
  10. ^ "2007-2008 Bill 4747: Children's Code - South Carolina Legislature Online". www.scstatehouse.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
  11. ^ "South Carolina Code of Laws". South Carolina Legislature. South Carolina Legislative Services Agency. Retrieved 12 May 2016.