South American Rugby Championship

South American Rugby Championship refers to the continental rugby championships for South America, organized by Sudamérica Rugby.[1][2] The current name of the championships is South American Six Nations, implemented in 2018. Throughout history, South American Championships have also existed for lower divisions of the rugby union championships, as well as youth and women tournaments, and editions for rugby sevens.

South American Six Nations
SportRugby union
Founded1951
No. of teams13
ContinentSouth America (main division) and Central America (lower divisions)
Most recent
champion(s)
 Argentina XV (1 title)

HistoryEdit

The South American Rugby Championship is a round-robin tournament, with each team playing each other once at a designated host stadium. The top level championship for men's rugby union, disputed annually, has received a number of different titles in history. It began in 1951 as Sudamericano de Rugby, which lasted until 1998. From 1951 to 1998, only Argentina, Chile and Uruguay were the core teams in the tournament. They competed alongside occasional additions of Brazil, Paraguay and Peru, with the winner being decided on which team finishes with the most table points.

In 2000, a second division was added, which meant the bottom placed team of the A division had a play-off match with the top placed team of the B division, although this did not apply to every tournament due to the Rugby World Cup qualification formats. In 2012, a third Division was added, which meant up until 2014, the bottom placed team of the B division would play a play-off match against the top placed C Division team. Although like A and B, this did not apply to every tournament due to the Rugby World Cup qualification format.

In 2014, the tournament became a four-tiered competition, with Argentina no longer competing as a regular. However, the tournament would keep the same format for promotion and relegation. The top placed team from Division C would play a play-off match against the bottom placed team from Division B to determine which Division those teams are in for the succeeding tournament. The winner of the play-off match would earn a place in Division B for the succeeding tournament; the loser would play in Division C the following year. This worked in the same way for Divisions A and B. The top placed team of Division B would play a play-off match against the bottom placed team from Division A to determine which divisions those teams would play in for the succeeding tournament. The winner of the play-off match would earn a place in Division A for the succeeding tournament, while the loser would play in Division B the following year.

However, the top two teams of Division A would compete at a separate competition, the CONSUR Cup, alongside Argentina, the following year regardless of their positions of that year. The CONSUR Cup was staged in 2014 and 2015, and the events were the de facto South American Championships for those years. In 2016 and 2017, the CONSUR Cup was renamed to Sudamérica Rugby Cup, but the format was kept intact. The Sudamérica Rugby Cup, in 2016 and 2017, can also be considered the de facto South American Championships for those years. In 2018, the format of the tournament was changed once again: six teams (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Uruguay) would play in the top division, which was renamed to South American Six Nations.

Argentina is the most dominant nation at the South American Championships, winning 34 of 40 editions, as well as the two editions of the CONSUR Cup, and the two editions of the Sudamérica Rugby Cup. Uruguay won the tournament four times (1981, 2014, 2016 and 2017), while Chile (2015) and Brazil (2018) won the South American title once.[3]

ResultsEdit

The first edition of the South American Rugby Championships was organized in 1951 as a parallel competition to the inaugural edition of the Pan American Games, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 2000, a second division was added, which changed the name of the first and main division of the tournament to Mayor A (Senior A), while the second division was called Mayor B (Senior B). Teams from Central America were also allowed to compete at the South American Championships. In 2012, a third division, Mayor C (Senior C) was added. In 2018, the tournament was renamed to South American Six Nations.

 
2016 Second level of South American Rugby Championship match between Uruguay and Chile
Sudamericano de Rugby
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place Sixth Place
1951   Argentina   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Brazil
1958   Chile   Argentina   Chile   Uruguay   Peru
1961   Uruguay   Argentina   Chile   Uruguay   Brazil
1964   Brazil   Argentina   Brazil   Uruguay   Chile
1967   Argentina   Argentina   Chile   Uruguay
1969   Chile   Argentina   Chile   Uruguay
1971   Uruguay   Argentina   Chile   Uruguay   Brazil   Paraguay
1973   Brazil   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Brazil   Paraguay
1975   Paraguay   Argentina   Chile   Uruguay   Brazil   Paraguay
1977   Argentina   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay   Brazil
1979   Chile   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Brazil   Paraguay
1981   Uruguay   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay   Brazil
1983   Argentina   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
1985   Paraguay   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
1987   Chile   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
1989   Uruguay   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Brazil   Paraguay
1991 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay   Brazil
1993 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Paraguay   Chile   Brazil
1995 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
1997 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
1998 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
Mayor A
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place Sixth Place
2000   Uruguay   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile
2001 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
2002   Argentina
  Chile
  Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
2003   Uruguay   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Paraguay
2004   Chile   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Venezuela
2005   Argentina   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile
2006 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile
2007 No fixed host   Argentina1   Uruguay   Chile
2008 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile
2009   Chile
  Uruguay
  Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Brazil   Paraguay
2010   Chile   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Brazil   Paraguay
2011   Argentina   Argentina   Chile   Uruguay   Brazil   Paraguay
2012   Chile   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Brazil
2013   Uruguay   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile   Brazil
2014 No fixed host   Uruguay2   Paraguay   Brazil   Chile
2015 No fixed host   Chile2   Uruguay   Paraguay   Brazil
2016 No fixed host   Uruguay2   Chile   Brazil   Paraguay
2017 No fixed host   Uruguay2   Chile   Brazil   Paraguay
South American Six Nations
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place Sixth Place
2018 No fixed host   Brazil   Argentina XV   Chile   Uruguay XV   Paraguay   Colombia
2019 No fixed host   Argentina XV   Uruguay XV   Chile   Brazil   Colombia   Paraguay
South American Four Nations
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place Sixth Place
2020   Uruguay   Argentina XV   Chile   Uruguay XV   Brazil
Notes

1: In 2007, the competition was not completed due to difficulties in finding a date for the match between Argentina and Uruguay, as it was the first time they participated in the final phase of the Rugby World Cup.

2: From 2014 to 2017, the Mayor A division of the championships excluded Argentina. The top team of the Mayor A division would be considered the winner of the first stage, and would later play the CONSUR/Sudamérica Rugby Cup, alongside the second placed team in Mayor A division, and Argentina.

CONSUR/Sudamérica Rugby CupEdit

From 2014 to 2017, the first division of the South American Championships, Mayor A (Senior A), excluded Argentina. The top two teams of the Mayor A division would then join Argentina in a future tournament, the CONSUR Cup (in 2014 and 2015) or the Sudamérica Rugby Cup (in 2016 and 2017). The winner of the CONSUR/Sudamérica Cup would then be the de facto best team of the continent for that year.

CONSUR Cup
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place
2014 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile
2015 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Paraguay
Sudamérica Rugby Cup
Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place
2016 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile
2017 No fixed host   Argentina   Uruguay   Chile

Lower divisionsEdit

Mayor BEdit

Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place Fifth Place
2000   Brazil   Brazil   Venezuela   Peru
2001 No fixed host   Brazil   Venezuela   Peru   Colombia
2002   Peru   Brazil   Peru   Venezuela   Colombia
2003   Colombia   Venezuela   Brazil   Colombia   Peru
2004   Brazil   Paraguay   Brazil   Peru   Colombia
2005   Paraguay   Paraguay   Brazil   Peru   Colombia   Venezuela
2006   Venezuela   Brazil   Colombia   Venezuela   Peru   Costa Rica
2007   Peru   Brazil   Peru   Colombia   Venezuela
2008   Peru   Brazil   Paraguay   Venezuela   Colombia   Peru
2009   Paraguay   Colombia   Venezuela   Peru   Costa Rica
2010   Costa Rica   Peru   Venezuela   Colombia   Costa Rica
2011   Colombia   Venezuela   Peru   Colombia   Costa Rica
2012   Peru   Paraguay   Colombia   Venezuela   Peru
2013   Paraguay   Paraguay   Colombia   Peru   Venezuela
2014   Colombia   Colombia   Venezuela   Peru   Ecuador
2015   Peru   Colombia   Peru   Venezuela   Ecuador
2016   Peru   Colombia   Venezuela   Peru   Ecuador

Mayor CEdit

Year Host Winner Runner-up Third Place Fourth Place
2012   Guatemala   Costa Rica   Guatemala   Ecuador   El Salvador
2013   Costa Rica   Ecuador   Costa Rica   Guatemala   El Salvador
2014   Panama   El Salvador   Guatemala   Costa Rica   Panama
2015   El Salvador   Guatemala   Costa Rica   El Salvador   Panama
2016   Guatemala   Guatemala   Costa Rica   Panama   El Salvador

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit