South African Confederation of Labour
The South African Confederation of Labour (SACOL) was a national trade union federation of white workers in South Africa.
The federation was established in 1957, as a loose body bringing together the South African Federation of Trade Unions, the Co-ordinating Council of South African Trade Unions, the Federal Consultative Council of South African Railways and Harbours Staff Associations, and the Trade Union Council of South Africa (TUCSA). TUCSA withdrew in 1958, and the remaining federation was broadly supportive of apartheid.
In 1968, the federation decided to permit individual unions to affiliate. These unions gradually came to operate on an equal footing to the remaining affiliated federations, and this led the Federal Consultative Council to disaffiliate in 1975, although all but one of its own affiliates decided to sign up individually to SACOL. This took the federation's membership to a maximum of 25 unions with 206,511 members.
While the Government of South Africa allowed unions to represent both white and "coloured" workers, and from 1980, black workers as well, SACOL only permitted unions restricted to white workers to affiliate. In 1980, it expelled the South African Technical Officials' Association, after it permitted coloured workers to join, and this led some other affiliates to resign in order to expand their own membership. Membership of the federation then fell steadily. In 1992, its largest remaining affiliate, the Mine Workers' Union, disaffiliated in order to become a general union. The federation was reduced to only five affiliates with 40,280 members.
|Union||Abbreviation||Founded||Left||Reason not affiliated||Membership (1980)|
|Artisan Staff Association||ASA||1924||1976||Disaffiliated||22,500|
|Blanke Bouwerkersvakbond||1949||After 1995||7,412|
|Blanketekstiel Werkers Nywerheids||1970s||Dissolved||N/A|
|Durban Municipal Employees' Society||DMES||1919||1980||Disaffiliated||4,000|
|Explosives and Chemical Workers' Union||1977||Merged into SAEDFOA||N/A|
|Johannesburg Municipal Employees' Association||JMEA||1916||1980||Disaffiliated||5,800|
|Mine Workers' Union||MWU||1902||1991||Disaffiliated||17,000|
|National Association of Furniture and Allied Workers||1961||1980||Disaffiliated||750|
|OVS Provinsiale Werkersvereeniging||1978||Disaffiliated||243|
|Pretoriase Vakbond Vir Die Kleinhandel Vleisbedryf||PVKV||200|
|Provinsiale Huishoudlike Personeelvereniging||1978||Disaffiliated||250|
|South African Association of Municipal Employees||SAAME||1919||1980||Transferred to FEDSAL||41,492|
|South African Diamond Workers' Union||SADWU||801|
|South African Engine Drivers', Firemen's and Operators' Association||SAEDFOA||1895||1990||Merged into SABS||7,000|
|South African Footplate Staff Association||SAFSA||1905||1975||Disaffiliated||9,331|
|South African Iron, Steel and Allied Industries Union||SAISAIU||1948||1994||Disaffiliated||38,486|
|South African Karweierswerknemersvereniging||After 1995||465|
|South African Railways and Harbours Employees' Union||SAR&HEU||1924||After 1995||12,381|
|South African Railways and Harbours Running and Operational Staff Union||ROSU||1985||Disaffiliated||7,835|
|South African Railways and Harbours Salaried Staff Association||SALSTAFF||1918||Disaffiliated||27,545|
|South African Railways Police Staff Association||1981||Disaffiliated||2,922|
|South African Technical Officials' Association||SATOA||1980||Expelled||3,000|
|Transvaalse Transportwerkers Unie||300|
|Vereeniging Van Staatsaagmeul And Boswerkers Van South Africa||1981||Dissolved||269|
|Volkskas Amptenare Vereniging||1980||Disaffiliated||6,770|
|Vuurhoutjiewekrers Vakbond Van South Africa||1979||Dissolved||N/A|
|West Rand Administration Board Personnel Association||1975||1,102|
- Miller, Shirley (1982). Trade Unions in South Africa 1970-1980: a directory and statistics. Cape Town: Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit. ISBN 0799204692.
- Special Report of the Director-general on the Application of the Declaration Concerning Action Against Apartheid in South Africa. International Labour Conference. 1993.