Sorcerer (horse)

Sorcerer (1796–1821) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. He ran mainly at Newmarket and won fifteen of his twenty-one races, including the October Oatlands Stakes in 1800. After retiring from racing he became a successful stallion and was the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland for three years. Amongst his progeny were Morel, Maid of Orleans, Wizard, Soothsayer, Sorcery, Trophonius, Comus and Smolensko. He was bred and owned by Sir Charles Bunbury and died in 1821.

Sorcerer
SireTrumpator
GrandsireConductor
DamYoung Giantess
DamsireDiomed
SexStallion
Foaled1796
CountryGreat Britain
ColourBlack
BreederSir Charles Bunbury
OwnerSir Charles Bunbury
Record21: 15-5-1
Earnings1938 gs
Major wins
Match against Chippenham (1800)
Match against Speculator (1800)
Ipswich King's Plate (1800)
£50 Subscription at Newmarket (1800)
October Oatlands Stakes (1800)
Match against Richmond (1801, twice)
Burford King's Plate (1801)
Awards
Leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland
(1811, 1812, 1813)

BackgroundEdit

Sorcerer was a black colt bred by Sir Charles Bunbury and foaled in 1796.[1] He grew to stand 16 hands 1 inch high.[2] He was sired by Trumpator, who raced mainly at Newmarket and won the Claret Stakes in 1786. Trumpator also became a successful stallion and was British Champion sire in 1803. He also sired Epsom Derby winner Didelot and the broodmares Pawn and Penelope.[3] Sorcerer was the first foal of Young Giantess, a daughter of Diomed, who also went on to produce Eleanor, Julia, Cressida and the Walton mare.[1]

Racing careerEdit

1799: Three-year-old seasonEdit

Sorcerer made his debut at the Newmarket Second October meeting. He started a Sweepstakes of 200 guineas each for three-year-olds as the 2/1 favourite. In the two and a quarter mile race he finished second to Sir F. Standish's brother to Spread Eagle. Kite finished the race in third place and Rebel fourth.[4] At the end of the month he beat Lord Clermont's Royala in a match race over five and a half furlongs at Newmarket.[5]

 
The match race between Symmetry (foreground) and Sorcerer at Newmarket

1800: Four-year-old seasonEdit

On 28 April 1800 at Newmarket, Sorcerer lost a match race to Schedoni.[6] Three days later he faced Chippenham in a match race over the Rowley Mile. Chippenham started as the 2/7 favourite, but Sorcerer won the 100 guineas race.[7] In mid-May he beat Speculator in a one-mile race, again racing at Newmarket.[8] Racing away from Newmarket for the first time, he won the King's Plate at Ipswich in July. The race was run in two two-mile heats, with Sorcerer winning both heats, beating a Pot-8-Os colt and Skyrocket.[9] He returned to Newmarket for the July meeting, where he beat Cadet, Skyrocket and Gouty in the £50 race over two miles.[10] After a few months off he returned to the track in October, when he lost a match race against Symmetry at Newmarket. Later in the day he finished third behind winner Humbug in a 50 guineas race over the four-mile Beacon course.[11] Two days later he finished as the runner-up to Worthy in the King's Plate, a race run over almost four miles.[12] At Newmarket's Second October meeting he beat Surprise over two miles.[13] He then contested the October Oatlands Stakes. Sorcerer started the one-mile race as the 11/5 favourite, with Georgiana at 4/1, Humbug at 5/1 and First Fruits at 7/1 also near the fore of the betting. Sorcerer won the race from Scrub, who finished second, with the other seven runners not being placed by the judge.[14]

1801: Five-year-old seasonEdit

Sorcerer returned to the track again in April 1801 at the Newmarket Craven meeting. He won a Subscription plate of £50, beating three rivals after starting as the odds-on favourite.[15] He them collected a 50 guinea forfeit from Richmond, whom he was due to race at the First Spring meeting.[16] At the same meeting he beat Sir Harry and Ploughboy to win a £50 Subscription, run over almost four miles.[17] Two days later he faced Worthy and a Sir Peter colt in the King's Plate over three miles, six and a half furlongs. Worthy and Sorcerer finished in a dead heat and the race had to be decided in a run-off, which was won by Worthy.[18] A further two days later, on the last day of the meeting, Sorcerer beat Richmond in a two-mile match race.[19] The two horses met again in July, this time over four miles, with Sorcerer again coming out on top. The following day Sorcerer walked over for a £50 race over the two-mile Ditch-in course.[20] At Oxford he beat Cordovan in both of the two three-mile heats to win £50 given by the Duke of Marlborough.[21] On 29 July he walked over for King's Plate at Burford.[22] His final race came on 15 August, when he beat Rebel for a Subscription of 10 guineas each over four miles at Lewes.[23] He was then retired to stud.

Stud careerEdit

 
Sorcerer's son Smolensko

Sorcerer stood as a stallion at Great Barton in Suffolk. In 1805 his stud fee was ten guineas and half a guinea for the groom.[2] He was the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 1811, 1812 and 1813.[24] His most notable progeny were:

Sorcerer died in 1821, aged 25.[1]

PedigreeEdit

Pedigree of Sorcerer, black stallion, 1796[1][31]
Sire
Trumpator (GB)
bl. 1782
Conductor (GB)
ch. 1767
Matchem*
b. 1748
Cade
Partner mare
Snap mare
1762
Snap
Cullen Arabian mare
Brunette (GB)
br. 1771
Squirrel
b. 1754
Traveller
Grey Bloody Buttocks
Dove
1764
Matchless
Ancaster Starling mare
Dam
Young Giantess (GB)
b. 1790
Diomed (GB)
ch. 1777
Florizel
b. 1768
Herod
Cygnet mare
Spectator mare
1763
Spectator
Blank mare
Giantess (GB)
b. 1769
Matchem*
b. 1748
Cade
Partner mare
Molly Long Legs
1753
Babraham
Cole's Foxhunter mare

Note: b. = Bay, bl. = Black, br. = Brown, ch. = Chestnut

* Sorcerer was inbred 3x3 to Matchem. This means that the stallion appears twice in the third generation of his pedigree.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d The General Stud Book. J. S. Skinner, Baltimore. 1834. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
  2. ^ a b "Racing calendar. 1804". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  3. ^ "Matchem". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  4. ^ Racing calendar. 1799. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  5. ^ Racing calendar. 1799. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  6. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  7. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  8. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  9. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  10. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  11. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  12. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  13. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  14. ^ "Racing calendar. 1800". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  15. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  16. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  17. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  18. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  19. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  20. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  21. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  22. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  23. ^ "Racing calendar. 1801". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g "Sorcerer". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  25. ^ "Racing calendar. 1809". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  26. ^ "Racing calendar. 1809". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  27. ^ "Racing calendar. 1810". Babel.hathitrust.org. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  28. ^ "Soothsayer". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  29. ^ "Truffle". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  30. ^ "Comus". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  31. ^ "Sorcerer (GB) pedigree". equineline.com. Retrieved 2013-02-23.