|Sopwith Baby in use with the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service|
|Role||Single-seat scout and bomber biplane seaplane|
|Manufacturer||Sopwith Aviation Company|
|First flight||September 1915|
|Primary users||Royal Naval Air Service|
Aviazione della Regia Marina
|Number built||386[note 1]|
|Developed from||Sopwith Schneider|
|Variants||Fairey Hamble Baby|
Development and designEdit
The Baby (also known as the Admiralty 8200 Type) was a development of the two-seat Sopwith Schneider. Although the Schneider had won the Schneider trophy in 1914, the RNAS did not place a formal order until January 1915. Sopwith's initial production version of the Baby differed little from the Schneider Trophy winner.
The Baby utilized a wooden structure with fabric covering. A Lewis Gun was fitted, either above the fuselage firing through the propeller arc without the benefit of synchronization, or over the top wing, firing above it. To meet the more demanding conditions of 1916–18, Further modifications were made on aircraft built by Blackburn Aircraft at Leeds, United Kingdom. A modified variant of the Baby, the Fairey Hamble Baby was built by Fairey and Parnall.
The Royal Naval Air Service ordered 286 Sopwith Babies of which 100 were built by Sopwith at Kingston and 186 by Blackburn Aircraft at Leeds with others for export. License manufacture was also undertaken in Italy by SA Aeronautica Gio Ansaldo of Turin, who built 100 examples for the Italian Aviazione della Regia Marina.
The Baby was used as a shipborne reconnaissance and bomber aircraft operating from seaplane carriers and cruisers, as well as naval trawlers and minelayers. Many Babies were attached to RNAS coastal air stations located in England and Scotland and RNAS stations in Egypt, Greece and Italy.
Babies also saw service with the navies of the United States, France, Chile, Greece and Norway. In Norway additional Babies were built as replacements, with some seeing service until 1930. Two of the 10 Sopwith Baby floatplanes that were acquired by the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service were brought to Svalbard in the summer of 1928 to participate in the search for the lost Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen, but were not used for the search.
The original components of two Babies built by Sopwith, Nos. 8214 and 8215, have been utilized to complete a composite aircraft for display at the Fleet Air Arm Museum at RNAS Yeovilton, Somerset. The exhibit has been marked with the serial N-2078, which was a Blackburn-built aircraft, and has been named Jabberwock.
- Royal Australian Navy operated 1 example (with a Royal Naval Air Service crew) in 1917 from cruiser HMAS Brisbane.
- Kingdom of Italy
- Aviazione della Regia Marina 102 examples from 1917–1923 (including 2 trials aircraft from the UK)
- Dutch Naval Aviation Service 1 example from 1916–1919 An RNAS aircraft force landed forty miles off the Dutch coast and was towed in and interned.
- Royal Naval Air Service
- Royal Air Force
Data from Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide
- Crew: 1
- Length: 23 ft 0 in (7.01 m)
- Wingspan: 25 ft 8 in (7.82 m)
- Height: 10 ft 0 in (3.05 m)
- Wing area: 240 sq ft (22 m2)
- Empty weight: 1,226 lb (556 kg)
- Gross weight: 1,715 lb (778 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Clerget 9Z 9-cylinder air-cooled rotary piston engine, 110 hp (82 kW)
- Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller
- Maximum speed: 100 mph (160 km/h, 87 kn) at sea level
- Endurance: 2 hours 15 minutes
- Service ceiling: 10,000 ft (3,000 m)
- Rate of climb: 285 ft/min (1.45 m/s)
- Guns: 1 × Lewis gun
- Bombs: 2 × 65 lb (28 kg) bombs
- 100 by Sopwith, 186 by Blackburn and 100 by Ansaldo
- Holmes, Tony (2005). Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide. London: Harper Collins. p. 44. ISBN 0-00-719292-4.
- Lamberton, 1960. p 58.
- Woodman 1989, p. 173
- Alegi, 2001, pp.3–4
- Thetford, 1878, p. 291
- Ellis, 1977, p. 48
- World Air Forces – Australia Archived 25 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine accessdate: March 2014
- Huertas Air International February 1984, pp. 73–74.
- World Air Forces – France Archived 25 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine accessdate: March 2014
- World Air Forces – Greece Archived 25 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine accessdate: March 2014
- Alegi, 2001, pp.2–4 & 8
- World Air Forces – Japan Archived 17 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine accessdate: March 2014
- World Air Forces – Netherlands Archived 25 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine accessdate: March 2014
- World Air Forces – Norway Archived 25 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine accessdate: March 2014
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sopwith Baby.|
- Alegi, Gregory (2001). Ansaldo Baby. Windsock Mini Datafile 15. Hertfordshire, UK: Albatros Publications. ISBN 978-1902207308.
- Bruce, J.M. (1996). Sopwith Baby. Windsock Datafile 60. Hertfordshire, UK: Albatros Publications. ISBN 978-0948414794.
- Ellis, Ken (1977). British Museum Aircraft. Liverpool: Merseyside Aviation Society. ISBN 0-902420-15-1.
- Huertas, Salvador Mafé (February 1984). "The Chilean Air Force...an air arm with a problem". Air International. Vol. 26 no. 2. pp. 69–74, 91, 98–101. ISSN 0306-5634.
- Klaauw, Bart van der (March–April 1999). "Unexpected Windfalls: Accidentally or Deliberately, More than 100 Aircraft 'arrived' in Dutch Territory During the Great War". Air Enthusiast (80): 54–59. ISSN 0143-5450.
- Lamberton, W.M. (1960). Fighter Aircraft of the 1914–1918 War. Herts, UK: Harleyford Publications.
- Thetford, Owen (1978). British Naval Aircraft since 1912. Putnam and Company Limited. ISBN 0-370-30021-1.
- Woodman, Harry (1989). Early Aircraft Armament. London: Arms and Armour. ISBN 0-85368-990-3.