Sono arsenic filter
The Sono arsenic filter was invented in 2006 by Abul Hussam, who is a chemistry professor at George Mason University (GMU) in Fairfax, Virginia. It was developed to deal with the problem of arsenic contamination of groundwater. The filter is now in use in Hussam's native Bangladesh.
Farmers had been drinking fresh groundwater from wells, whereas previously they had had to use ponds and mudholes which were contaminated with bacteria and viruses. However, the wells were also contaminated with naturally occurring high concentrations of poisonous arsenic, causing skin ailments and cancers. Awareness of the problem developed through the 1990s.
You can't see it or taste or smell it. The idea that crystal-clear drinking water would end up causing lung disease in 20 or 30 years is a little weird. It's unbelievable to people.— Solutions for a greener planet environmental chemisty by Marc Zimmer
Hussam developed his filter after years of testing hundreds of prototypes. The final version contains 20 pounds of shards of porous iron, which bonds chemically with arsenic. It also includes charcoal, sand and bits of brick. It filters nearly all of the arsenic from the well water.
Hussam was awarded the 2007 Grainger challenge Prize for Sustainability by the National Academy of Engineering. Hussam plans to use 70% of the $1 million engineering prize to distribute filters to needy communities.
- Hussam, Abul; Munir, Abul K. M. (2007). "A simple and effective arsenic filter based on composite iron matrix: Development and deployment studies for groundwater of Bangladesh". Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A. 42 (12): 1869–1878. doi:10.1080/10934520701567122.
- National Academies Press Release, accessed 5 Feb 2007.
- Professor wins $1 million for arsenic filter Archived 2007-02-06 at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press, 2/3/07.