Soltsy

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Soltsy (Russian: Сольцы́) is a town and the administrative center of Soletsky District in Novgorod Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Shelon River, 78 kilometers (48 mi) southwest of Veliky Novgorod, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 10,086 (2010 Census);[4] 11,264 (2002 Census);[10] 11,782 (1989 Census).[11]

Soltsy
Сольцы
A World War II memorial in Soltsy
A World War II memorial in Soltsy
Coat of arms of Soltsy
Location of Soltsy
Soltsy is located in Russia
Soltsy
Soltsy
Location of Soltsy
Soltsy is located in Novgorod Oblast
Soltsy
Soltsy
Soltsy (Novgorod Oblast)
Coordinates: 58°08′N 30°19′E / 58.133°N 30.317°E / 58.133; 30.317Coordinates: 58°08′N 30°19′E / 58.133°N 30.317°E / 58.133; 30.317
CountryRussia
Federal subjectNovgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative districtSoletsky District[1]
Town of district significanceSoltsy[2]
First mentioned1390[3]
Town status since1927
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
 • Total10,086
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
8,803 (−12.7%)
 • Capital ofSoletsky District[1], town of district significance of Soltsy[2]
 • Municipal districtSoletsky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementSoletskoye Urban Settlement[7]
 • Capital ofSoletsky Municipal District[6], Soletskoye Urban Settlement[7]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
Postal code(s)[9]
175040–175042
Dialing code(s)+7 81655
OKTMO ID49638101001

HistoryEdit

Soltsy, whose name owes to the nearby salt water springs,[citation needed] was first mentioned in a chronicle in 1390 and in the following played an important role as an intermediate station on the trade route connecting Novgorod and Pskov.[3] In 1471, the Battle of Shelon between Muscovite forces led by Ivan III and the army of the Novgorod Republic took place near Soltsy, which marked the end of political independence of the Novgorod Republic.[3] Soltsy eventually became a part of the Moscow State.[3]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the territory was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate).[citation needed] In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate was established (existing between 1777 and 1796 as Pskov Viceroyalty).[citation needed] In 1776, Porkhovsky Uyezd was transferred from Novgorod Governorate to Pskov Governorate.[citation needed] Soltsy was the seat of Soletskaya Volost of Porkhovsky Uyezd.[citation needed]

In August 1927, the uyezds were abolished and, effective October 1, 1927, Soletsky District was established, with the administrative center in Soltsy.[12] Pskov Governorate was abolished as well and the district became a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] At the same time, Soltsy was granted town status.[citation needed] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[12] Between July 13 to 16, 1941 and again from July 22, 1941 to February 21, 1944, Soltsy was occupied by German troops.[13] On July 5, 1944, Soltsy, together with Soletsky District, was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[13]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Soltsy serves as the administrative center of Soletsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Soletsky District as the town of district significance of Soltsy.[2] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Soltsy is incorporated within Soletsky Municipal District as Soletskoye Urban Settlement.[7]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

The main branches of industry in Soltsy are electronic industry and food industry.[3]

TransportationEdit

The railway connecting St. Petersburg and Nevel via Dno crosses the district from north to south, running close to Soltsy. The railway connecting Bologoye and Pskov via Staraya Russa crosses the southern tip of the district; however, there are no significant stations on this line within the district's territory.

The town is located along the Veliky NovgorodPskov highway and is also connected by road to Staraya Russa via Volot.

The Shelon River is navigable downstream of Soltsy; however, there is no passenger navigation.

CultureEdit

Soltsy contains one cultural heritage monument of federal significance and additionally fifty-one objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[14] The federal monument is the St. Ilia Cathedral.

Soletsky District Museum is located in Soltsy. It exhibits collections of local interest.[15]

MilitaryEdit

A key strategic military base, Soltsy-2 is located northeast of the town.

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c d e Наш район (in Russian). Администрация Солецкого муниципального района Новгородской области. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Law #284-OZ
  7. ^ a b c Law #399-OZ
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ a b c Snytko et al., p. 85
  13. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 135
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  15. ^ Солецкий краеведческий музей (in Russian). narod.ru. Retrieved March 29, 2012.

SourcesEdit

  • Снытко, О. В. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов; Т. Б. Чуйкова; Л. В. Федина; А. Э. Дубоносова (eds.). Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (PDF) (in Russian). St. Petersburg. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №730-ОЗ от 26 февраля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Областной закон "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области"». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #730-OZ of February 26, 2015 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast". Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №284-ОЗ от 7 июня 2004 г. «О наделении сельских районов и города Великий Новгород статусом муниципальных районов и городского округа Новгородской области и утверждении границ их территорий», в ред. Областного закона №802-ОЗ от 31 августа 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные Законы, устанавливающие границы муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №86, 22 июня 2004 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #284-OZ of June 7, 2004 On Granting the Status of Municipal Districts and Urban Okrug of Novgorod Oblast to the Rural Districts and the City of Veliky Novgorod and on Establishing the Borders of Their Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #802-OZ of August 31, 2015 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №399-ОЗ от 17 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Солецкого муниципального района, наделении их статусом городского и сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №120-ОЗ от 3 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные Законы, содержащие перечни населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №11–12, 26 января 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #399-OZ of January 17, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Soletsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #120-OZ of October 3, 2012 On Amending Various Oblast Laws Containing the Registries of the Inhabited Localities on the Territories of the Settlements. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).