Sola is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Jæren. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Solakrossen. Other villages include Tananger, Hålandsmarka, Sørnes, and Stenebyen. Stavanger Airport is located in Sola, just a short distance from the large Stavanger/Sandnes metropolitan area.

Sola kommune
View of a beach in Sola
View of a beach in Sola
Official logo of Sola kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Sola within Rogaland
Sola within Rogaland
Coordinates: 58°52′48″N 05°37′43″E / 58.88000°N 5.62861°E / 58.88000; 5.62861Coordinates: 58°52′48″N 05°37′43″E / 58.88000°N 5.62861°E / 58.88000; 5.62861
CountryNorway
CountyRogaland
DistrictJæren
Established1930
Administrative centreSolakrossen
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Tom Henning Slethei (FrP)
Area
 • Total69.05 km2 (26.66 sq mi)
 • Land68.83 km2 (26.58 sq mi)
 • Water0.22 km2 (0.08 sq mi)  0.3%
Area rank342 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total27,153
 • Rank41 in Norway
 • Density394.5/km2 (1,022/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
18.9%
Demonym(s)Solabu[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1124
Official language formNeutral[2]
Websitesola.kommune.no

The 69-square-kilometre (27 sq mi) municipality is the 342nd largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Sola is the 41st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 27,153. The municipality's population density is 394.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,022/sq mi) and its population has increased by 18.9% over the previous 10-year period.[3][4]

In the western part of Sola, there are 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) of long, sandy beaches facing the North Sea. With usually ample supplies of wind and waves, the sandy beaches are a popular place for windsurfing.

General informationEdit

 
Map of Sola and surround municipalities
 
View of Ølberg at sunset

The municipality of Sola was established in 1930 when the old municipality of Håland was split into Sola (south of the Hafrsfjorden) and Madla (north of the Hafrsfjorden). Initially, Sola had 3,372 residents.[5] On 1 January 2017, a small 350-decare (86-acre) area on the southwestern edge of the village of Solakrossen was transferred from Sandnes municipality to Sola.[6]

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Sola farm (Old Norse: Sóli), since the first Sola Church was built there. The name is very old and the meaning is unknown, although it contains the Norse word sól which translates as Sun, therefore it could have some link to the sun. Historically, the name was also spelled Sole.[7]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 1982. The arms show two silver or white waves on a blue background. The arms symbolize all of the sandy beaches along the ocean in the municipality.[8]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Sola. It is part of the Tungenes prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Sola
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Ræge Ræge Church Ræge (north of Stenebyen) 2009
Sola Sola Church Solakrossen 1955
Sola Ruin Church Nordsjøvegen 1150
Sørnes Sørnes Church Sørnes 1977
Tananger Tananger Church Tananger 2002
Tananger Chapel Tananger 1879

GeographyEdit

 
Beaches of Sola

The municipality of Sola lies on the west side of the Stavanger Peninsula, south of the Hafrsfjorden. The municipality sits just about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from the centres of the cities of Stavanger and Sandnes. The island of Rott lies just off the western coast of Sola. The Fladholmen Lighthouse lies just off shore of the village of Tananger in northern Sola.[9]

HistoryEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19515,025—    
19617,075+40.8%
19719,898+39.9%
198112,673+28.0%
199115,982+26.1%
200119,023+19.0%
201123,350+22.7%
202027,153+16.3%
Source: Statistics Norway.[10]

According to Snorre Sturlason the Battle of Hafrsfjord took place in the year AD 872, probably outside Ytraberget. Harald Fairhair, the first king of Norway, is celebrated for having united Norway at this notable battle.

 
Sola Church Ruins

The stone crosses at Tjora date from about the year 1150. In early Christian times, these stone crosses were used as gathering points for religious ceremonies before churches were built. Sola Church Ruins (Sola ruinkirke) is the ruins of a Romanesque stone church dating from about the year 1120. The stone church probably replaced an older wooden church in the area. This wooden church was possibly the one that Erling Skjalgsson had built when he converted to Christianity at the end of the 10th century. Sola Church overlooked the Hafrsfjord and was in use until 1842.The artist Johan Bennetter (1822–1904) used the church as a studio and lived there with his family. During World War II, most of the church was demolished. It was later reconstructed, and the restoration was finished in 1995.[11][12]

Stavanger Airport, Sola was founded in 1937. At Sola airport, the first opposed landing by paratroopers took place as German Fallschirmjägers from 1st battalion of the 1st Regiment, 7th Flieger Division were dropped on the airfield. Sola Air Station became an important airfield for the Germans during World War II.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Sola, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[13] The municipality falls under the Stavanger District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Sola is made up of 41 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:

Sola Kommunestyre 2020–2024 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 People's Action No to More Road Tolls
(Folkeaksjonen nei til mer bompenger)
4
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)7
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)12
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 2015–2019 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)7
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)16
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Tananger List (Tanangerlisten)2
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)15
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Tananger List (Tanangerlisten)2
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)11
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Tananger List (Tanangerlisten)3
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)11
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Tananger List (Tanangerlisten)2
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)12
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Sola local list (Sola bygdelista)3
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Sola local list (Sola bygdelista)4
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Pensioners' Party (Pensjonistpartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Sola local list (Sola bygdeliste)3
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)
2
 Sola local list (Sola Bygdeliste)4
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)15
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)
2
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)18
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)14
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
Total number of members:41
Sola Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:31
Sola Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:31
Sola Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:31
Sola Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:25
Sola Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)10
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:25
Sola Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)8
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)4
Total number of members:20
Sola Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)13
Total number of members:20
Sola Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:20
Sola Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [31]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)10
Total number of members:20

AttractionsEdit

 
Ryfylke museum

MuseumsEdit

Museums in Sola include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  6. ^ "Vedtak om endring av kommunegrensen mellom Sandnes og Sola kommuner, Rogaland" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  7. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 185–186.
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  9. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Sola – kommune" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  10. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  11. ^ "Sola Ruinkirke". Kirkebøker. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Johan Jakob Bennetter, norsk marinemaler, (1822–1904)". Salmonsens konversationsleksikon. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  13. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (12 May 2016). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  15. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  16. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Rogaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  31. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 5 July 2020.

External linksEdit