Soft landing (aeronautics)
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A soft landing is any type of aircraft, rocket or spacecraft-lander landing that does not result in damage to/the destruction of the vehicle or anything on board.[dubious ] (Contradictory to hard landing.)
This can be achieved by
- parachute—often this is into water.
- vertical rocket powered landing, often referred to as VTVL (vertical landing referred to as VTOL, is usually for aircraft landing in a "level" attitude, rather than rockets — first achieved with an orbital rocket vehicle stage on December 22, 2015 by a SpaceX Falcon 9.
- horizontal landing, most aircraft and some spacecraft, such as the Space Shuttle, land this way.
- being caught, as attempted with Genesis (spacecraft) and followed by some other form of landing.
Soft landing can be contrasted with the term hard landing.