Sixto María Durán Cárdenas
Durán Cárdenas was born in Quito on August 6, 1875. He earned a law degree from the Central University of Ecuador in 1889. While he was a renowned, award-winning music composer, he continued to practice law throughout his lifetime because in Ecuador musical careers were not well-paid.
In 1900 President Eloy Alfaro appointed him Intermediate Piano Professor of the newly reopened National Conservatory of Music. In 1911 President Emilio Estrada Carmona appointed him the director of the National Conservatory of Music. He took on this position again in 1923 (for 10 years) and again from 1941-1943.
In 1916 he was the director of the School of Arts and Crafts. In 1918 he suffered a grave accident at the school, where the fingers of his left hand were severed by a machine. While his career as a pianist was over, he continued as a composer throughout his life. His musical works number over 150.
Besides folk music, he liked to compose classical music and chamber music. He also wrote articles for several magazines and newspapers.
In 1946 he began suffering from nephritis, and he died at the age of 71 on January 13, 1947.
His parents were Domingo Durán, aide-de-camp of President Gabriel Garcia Moreno, and Emperatriz Cárdenas, a singer and notable harpist.
In 1911 Durán Cárdenas married Valentina Miranda. They did not have children.
- La Leyenda del Monte (1911) an operetta with text by Manuel Serrano
- Lágrima Indiana (1911) a musical composition
- Mariana, an operetta
- Cumandá (1916) an opera based on the novel by Juan Leon Mera, with Libretto by Pedro Pablo Traversari and Enrique Escudero
- Música Incásica (1917)
- Las Bellas Letras en la Instrucción Pública de América (1917)
- Petite Vals (1919)
- La Música Incásica (1919) an article about music
- Brumas (1922), piano composition
- Berceuse (1938), composition
- Yaraví (1941)
- Himno a Alfaro (1942)
- Escuela Primaria (1942) with lyrics by Remigio Romero y Cordero