Siva Vaidhyanathan (born 1966) is a cultural historian and media scholar and is a professor of Media Studies at the University of Virginia. Vaidhyanathan is a frequent contributor on media and cultural issues in various periodicals including The Chronicle of Higher Education, New York Times Magazine, The Nation, Slate, and The Baffler. He is a fellow of the New York Institute for the Humanities and the Institute for the Future of the Book. He directs the Center for Media and Citizenship at the University of Virginia, which produces a television show, a radio program, several podcasts, and the Virginia Quarterly Review. He has appeared in an episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart to discuss early social network services. Vaidhyanathan has appeared in several documentary films, including Terms and Conditions May Apply (2013), Inside the Mind of Google (2009), and Freedom of Expression (2007). In 2016 Vaidhyanathan played a prominent role in the higher-education documentary, Starving the Beast. Vaidhyanathan was portrayed as a character on stage at the Public Theater in New York City in a play called Privacy (2016). Vaidhyanathan serves on the board of the Digital Public Library of America.
Vaidhyanathan is a Tamil Brahmin, who was born in Buffalo, New York, and attended the University of Texas at Austin, earning a BA in History in 1994 and a Ph.D. in 1999 in American Studies. From 1999 through the summer of 2007 he worked in the Department of Culture and Communication at New York University, the School of Library and Information Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and Columbia University. From 1988 through 1993 he was a professional journalist working for several Texas daily newspapers.
Critical Information StudiesEdit
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Critical Information Studies is a term coined by Siva Vaidhyanathan in 2006 to describe an emerging, transdisciplinary field concerned broadly with the politics of information in contemporary, connected societies. It first appeared in print in an essay he authored entitled, "Critical Information Studies: A Bibliographic Manifesto," which was the afterword to a 2006 special issue of the journal Cultural Studies.
Vaidhyanathan has argued that academics from many fields associated with what he calls "Critical Information Studies" (which synthesizes, yet also goes beyond, key aspects of both Cultural Studies and Political Economy) should be engaged in interrogating the "structures, functions, habits, norms, and practices" of particular aspects of information culture and in analyzing how these issues go beyond simple arguments about digital "rights" to include consideration of the more subtle impacts of cost and access that have the potential for chilling effects on a "semiotic democracy" that is situated in "global flows of information."
Many of those affiliated with the field have been critical voices in professional organizations such as the Society for Social Studies of Science and the American Library Association who are concerned about how computer architecture may limit the possibilities of what Henry Jenkins has called "participatory culture." Rather than accept utopian enthusiasms about "Web 2.0" uncritically, these scholars point to possible vulnerabilities in democratic institutions posed by Digital Rights Management, tampering with electronic voting, and otherwise trusting private corporations with public information infrastructure.
According to Vaidhyanathan, Critical Information Studies is defined by four principal concerns:
- the abilities and liberties to use, revise, criticize, and manipulate cultural texts, images, ideas, and information;
- the rights and abilities of users (or consumers or citizens) to alter the means and techniques through which cultural texts and information are rendered, displayed, and distributed;
- the relationship among information control, property rights, technologies, and social norms; and
- the cultural, political, social, and economic ramifications of global flows of culture and information.
Vaidhyanathan goes on to argue that Critical Information Studies is "inchoate." Rather than an established field in its own right, it is one that is beginning to take shape and gain its own sense of identity. His essay therefore provides a detailed "taxonomy" of work which, though coming from disparate disciplines, could justifiably be included under this new rubric. These disciplines include American Studies, Anthropology, Communication, Computer Science, Cultural Studies, Ethnic Studies, Legal Studies, Library and Information Science, Literary Studies, Media Studies, Musicology, Political Science, and Sociology. Because work in Critical Information Studies cuts across these and other more traditional academic domains, Vaidhyanathan describes it as a "transfield."
Although Vaidhyanathan identifies Critical Information Studies as a scholarly practice, he also stresses its strong commitment to public engagement.
- Copyrights and Copywrongs: The Rise of Intellectual Property and How It Threatens Creativity, NYU Press, 2001. (ISBN 978-0814788073)
- The Anarchist in the Library: How the Clash Between Freedom and Control Is Hacking the Real World and Crashing the System, Basic Books, 2004. (ISBN 978-0465089857)
- Rewiring the Nation: The Place of Technology in American Studies, co-edited with Carolyn de la Peña, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. (ISBN 978-0801886515)
- The Googlization of Everything -- and Why We Should Worry, University of California Press, 2011. (ISBN 978-0520258822). The text was in open development on a blog, launched September 27, 2007 in collaboration with the Institute for the Future of the Book.
- Intellectual Property: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2017. (ISBN 9780195372779)
- Antisocial Media: How Facebook Disconnects Us And Undermines Democracy, Oxford University Press, 2018. (ISBN 978-0190841164
- "NYIH Fellows". NYIHumanities.org. New York Institute for the Humanities. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Schneider, K.G. "Siva to be Fellow at the Institute for the Future of the Book". Free Range Librarian. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "Programs | Center for Media and Citizenship at the University of Virginia". www.mediaandcitizenship.org. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- "Trendspotting - Social Networking - The Daily Show with Jon Stewart | Comedy Central". Comedy Central. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- "Siva Vaidhyanathan". IMDb. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- "Commodity U: Starving the Beast looks at the dismantling of public education". C-VILLE Weekly. 2016-09-28. Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- "Media Studies Professor Applauds His New York Stage Doppelgänger". Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- "Digital Public Library of America » Board". Retrieved 2017-06-27.
- Texas Exes Alumni Directory, by The Texas Exes. Dallas, Texas: PCI The Data Company, 2006, page 1388.
- Vaidhyanathan, Siva (2006). "Afterword: Critical Information Studies: A Bibliographic Manifesto". Cultural Studies. 20 (2–3): 292–315. doi:10.1080/09502380500521091.
- Camp, L. Jean. DRM: doesn't really mean digital copyright management
- Eschenfelder, Kristin R. (2007) Every Library's Nightmare? Digital Rights Management and Licensed Scholarly Digital Resources
- Ross, Andrew. "Technology and Below-the-Line Labor in the Copyfight over Intellectual Property". American Quarterly, Volume 58, Number 3, September 2006, pp. 743–766
- Vaidhyanathan, Siva. "Critical Information Studies: A Bibliographic Manifesto". Cultural Studies 20(2/3) (March/May 2006): 292–315. ISSN 0950-2386 Download the .pdf
- Video of Vaidhyanathan discussing social media in 2005 on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart.
- Videos of conversations and discussions involving Vaidhyanathan on Bloggingheads.tv
- Video: Siva Vaidhyanathan discusses The Googlization of Everything (And Why We Should Worry) on Forum Network.
- Appearances on C-SPAN