The Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul were founded on May 11, 1849, when the four founding Sisters of Charity arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia, from New York City; this has been designated a National Historic Event.
|Formation||May 11, 1849|
|Purpose||advocate and public voice, educator and network|
|Headquarters||Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia|
|Canada, eastern United States, in Bermuda, Peru and the Dominican Republic.|
|Sisters of Charity Federation.|
|Affiliations||Mount Saint Vincent University|
|Website||Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul|
The story of the Canadian foundation begins when four American ladies, black-robed, black-capped, landed in Halifax from the Cunard liner "Cambria" on May 11, 1849. They came from New York City, these first Sisters of Charity, in response to a standing request by Bishop William Walsh of Halifax to his friend Archbishop John Hughes of New York for Sisters to work in his diocese in the care of orphans and in education. Halifax had a population of 20,000 when the four "American ladies" arrived. The Bishop gave them a house on Barrington Street, near the cathedral, where they took in a little orphan girl on the very first day. They immediately opened a school to teach Catholic children, many of them Irish immigrants, victims of the Great Famine. By the end of the school year (July) their classes held 400 children. By that time the Sisters were also caring for twenty little girls in their own house.
They would be the first religious community in this maritime city. Mother Basilia McCann, leader of the original four Sisters who arrived here in 1849, became the first Superior of the Halifax Congregation. Mother Basilia was a pupil of Elizabeth Seton, founder of the first Sisters of Charity in 1809. She served as Superior for three years, then returned to the New York community. The second Superior to serve in Halifax was Sister Mary Rose McAleer, also one of the original group to come to Halifax in 1849.
Shortly after their arrival the Sisters opened their first school, housed at St. Mary's Convent in the heart of the city. Halifax was still a growing city, and with no hospital yet established, the need for assistance spanned beyond education. The Sisters responded to this need. Within a short time they were also caring for the sick.
By 1856, the order in Halifax was accepted as a separate congregation by Pope Pius IX and took on their new official name, the "Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Halifax." Sister Mary Rose McAleer and two novices began teaching girls in St. Patrick's Parish in the North end of the city. At first they traveled daily to teach in the church basement. A house was soon rented for them, and thus began St. Patrick's Convent – and High School and Elementary School. St. Patrick's was the first of more than a hundred missions that would eventually be opened by the Sisters of Charity. When St Patrick’s moved to larger quarters in 1888, the former convent was converted into a refuge for unmarried mothers and their babies, named the Home of the Guardian Angel.
In 1866 victims of cholera were landed from an immigrant ship on McNab's Island in the harbour and when the Archbishop asked for helpers, all the Sisters volunteered. He chose three. That summer the increase in the number of orphans led to expansion of facilities. By September 1873, the Sisters moved into the newly built Motherhouse named Mount Saint Vincent, just outside Halifax.
Sisters from the order first came to Boston, Massachusetts, in August 1887, called to staff a new school for girls at St. Patrick’s Parish in Roxbury.
On April 30, 1880, Leo XIII issued a document removing from the Archbishop of Halifax "any jurisdiction" he had held over the Sisters of Charity, and placing the Congregation under the Pope's immediate control.
The order founded Canada's best known[according to whom?] women's university, now co-educational, Mount Saint Vincent University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Mount Saint Vincent received its own college charter in 1925. A long tradition ended in 2006 when Sister Sheilagh Martin, a chemistry professor, retired as the last member of the congregation to teach there.
They came to British Columbia in 1923, founding Seton Academy, Vancouver (1923), Our Lady of Perpetual Help Convent, Ladysmith (1923); St. Joseph's Convent, Vancouver (1924); Our Lady of Sorrows Convent, Vancouver (1926); Our Lady's Convent, Point Grey (1927); Kootenay Indian Residential School, Cranbrook (1936); Immaculate Conception Convent, Kelowna (1938); Sacred Heart Convent, Kimberley (1938).
The Sisters of Charity were integral in the teaching operations at the Shubenacadie Residential School, Atlantic Canada's only Indian Residential School. The Sisters have apologized for their role in the schools, which were burdened by sexual and physical abuse, but have refused to allow open access to their archives or discuss their connections publicly.
The areas of education, health care, pastoral ministry, and social services are still paramount, though the ways in which the sisters work within a given field has changed. While the congregation once operated hospitals, schools, senior citizen homes, and the only women's university in Canada, sisters now serve in a variety of areas in Canada and throughout the eastern United States, in Bermuda, Peru, and the Dominican Republic.
The headquarters of the religious institute is located in Halifax's Rockingham neighbourhood at the Sisters of Charity Centre. The original Motherhouse building, which also incorporated Mount Saint Vincent Academy and College (the precursors to the current University) was built around the time of the Academy's founding in 1873 and destroyed by fire in 1951. Rebuilt separately in the late 1950s, it housed retired sisters of the order as well as visiting religious and laypeople. It also housed for Mount Saint Vincent University a student residence called Vincent Hall until the residence was closed by the University in 1992. The building, once the largest in all of Atlantic Canada, was demolished in 2008. In 2011 the property was sold to developer Southwest Properties, Ltd. The first phase of the development includes residential and retail components. The development is to be known as Seton Ridge.
The order is part of the Sisters of Charity Federation. Two growing interests for the order are ecological projects and helping victims of human trafficking, issues they are working on with the Leadership Conference of Women Religious.
- Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Halifax National Historic Event. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- O'Gallagher, Marianna (1980). "The Sisters of Charity of Halifax - The Early and Middle Years". Study Sessions. Canadian Catholic Historical Association. 47: 57–68.
- "Sisters of Charity - Halifax", Archdiocese of Antigonish Archived 2013-03-30 at the Wayback Machine
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- ""Our Mission", Sisters of Charity - Halifax". Archived from the original on 2015-02-13. Retrieved 2013-07-07.
- "A Short History of the Sisters of Charity". www.emmitsburg.net. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
- About the Sisters of Charity Archived November 21, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
- "Pete's to anchor Rockingham development on former Motherhouse site". The Chronicle Herald. 2014-08-11. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
- [Power], SC, Sister Maura (1956). The Sisters of Charity, Halifax. Ryerson Press.
- McKenna, SC, Sister Mary Olga (1998). Charity Alive: Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Halifax, 1950-1980. University Press of America. ISBN 9780761809869.
- Sweeney, SC, Sister Mary; Westwater, SC, Sister Martha; Nolan, SC, Sister Elaine; Heslin, SC, Sister Julia (2019). Steadfast Charity: Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul, Halifax 1972–2002. Archway Publishing. ISBN 9781480870499.