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Golden tremissis of Sisebutus rex
Imaginary portrayal of Sisebut in a statue in Toledo

Sisebut (Latin: Sisebutus,[1] Spanish: Sisebuto; also Sisebuth, Sisebur, Sisebod or Sigebut) (c. 565 – February 621) was King of the Visigoths and ruler of Hispania and Septimania from 612 until his death.

He campaigned successfully against the remains of East Roman power in Spania,[2] strengthened Visigothic control over the Basques and Cantabrians, developed friendly relations with the Lombards of Italy, and reinforced the fleet which had been established by his predecessor Leovigild.

Sisebut was known for his devout piety to Chalcedonian Christianity. In 612, upon his ascension to the throne, he forced his Jewish subjects to convert to Christianity.[3] In 616, he ordered that those Jews who refused to convert to Christianity be punished with the lash. He was closely associated and amicable with the scholar and encyclopaedist Isidore, bishop of Seville, and is usually regarded as the author of a Latin poem on astronomy, Carmen de Luna or Praefatio de Libro Rotarum,[4] dedicated to a friend who is identified with Isidore.

He first married an unknown woman, by whom he had a daughter, Theodora, born c. 590, who married Suintila; his second marriage was to his son-in-law's illegitimate sister, bastard daughter of Reccared I by Floresinda, by whom he had a son, Reccared II.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://epistolae.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/letter/44.html
  2. ^ Roger Collins, Visigothic Spain 409-711, (Blackwell Publishing, 2004), 75.
  3. ^ Isidore of Seville (1970). Guido Donini (ed.). History of the Goths, Vandals, and Suevi (2 ed.). Leiden: E.J.Brill. pp. 27–28.
  4. ^ Roger Collins, Visigothic Spain 409-711, 75.
  5. ^ Roger Collins, Visigothic Spain 409-711, 76.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gundemar
King of the Visigoths
February/March 612 – February 621
Succeeded by
Reccared II