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Major-General Sir John Braithwaite, 1st Baronet (3 February 1739 – 16 August 1803) was Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army.

Sir John Braithwaite, 1st Baronet
Born3 February 1739
Died16 August 1803
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service1765 - 1801
RankMajor General
Commands heldMadras Army
Battles/warsSecond Anglo-Mysore War
Fourth Anglo-Mysore War

Military careerEdit

Educated at Westminster School, Braithwaite was commissioned as an ensign in the 53rd Regiment of Foot on 6 November 1765.[1] Promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 22 October 1772, he seized the Maharaja of Vizianagram's fort during a local dispute on 28 August 1777.[1] He was then given command of a brigade which included one battalion of Europeans, the 3rd Carnatic Battalion, the 4th Carnatic Battalion and the 20th Carnatic Battalion: with this army he defeated a French force at Mahé in March 1779.[1]

In Summer 1780 Hyder Ali invaded the Carnatic with over 60,000 men precipitating the Second Anglo-Mysore War: he took Braithwaite prisoner at Seringapatam in February 1782 and held him captive for two years.[1] Braithwaite became acting Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army in August 1792, conducting the successful Siege of Pondicherry in 1793 and remained in that role until 1796.[1]

Braithwaite was adjutant-general of the force that defeated Tipu Sultan at the Siege of Seringapatam in April 1799 so concluding the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War.[1] He became Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army in January 1800[2] and, after retiring in 1801, he was created a Baronet on 18 December 1802[3] and died at his home in London in August 1803.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Brian Ritchie Collection (Part 1)". Dix Noonan Webb. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  2. ^ Love, Henry Davidson (2006). Indian Records Series Vestiges of Old Madras. Asian Educational Services, India. p. 548. ISBN 978-8120603202.
  3. ^ "No. 15536". The London Gazette. 30 November 1802. p. 1253.
Military offices
Preceded by
William Medows
C-in-C, Madras Army
Succeeded by
Alured Clarke
Preceded by
George Harris
C-in-C, Madras Army
Succeeded by
James Stuart
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Poston)
Succeeded by
George Charles Braithwaite