Golfingiida

(Redirected from Sipunculidea)

Golfingiida, also known as the Golfingiiformes, is an order of peanut worms.[1][2][3][4] The tentacles form a circle around the mouth whereas those of the sister taxon, Phascolosomatidea, are only found above the mouth. Most species burrow in the substrate but some live in the empty shells of gastropods.[5] It is an order of the class Sipuncula (previously considered a phylum), and contains the following families:[6]

Golfingiida
Golfingia.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Sipuncula
Subclass: Sipunculidea
E. Cutler and Gibbs, 1985
Order: Golfingiida
E. Cutler and Gibbs, 1985
Families

See text

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gibbs, P.E. (1977): British sipunculans. Academic Press. London. 35p. ISBN 0-12-282050-9
  2. ^ Ditadi, A.S.F. & Migotto, A.E. (1982): O Filo Sipuncula. Concelho Nacional de Desemvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico CNPq Brasilia. 43p.
  3. ^ Cutler, Edward B. & Gibbs, Peter E. (1985): A Phylogenetic analysis of higher taxa in the Phylum Sipuncula. Systematic Zoology 34(2):162-173.
  4. ^ Cutler, Edward B. (1994): The Sipuncula: their systematic, biology and evolution. Cornell University Press. 406p ISBN 0-8014-2843-2
  5. ^ Invertebrate Anatomy OnLine Archived 2011-04-01 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Golfingiida". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  7. ^ Cutler, Edward B., Cutler, Norma J. & Gibbs, Peter E. (1985): A revision of the Golfingia subgenera Golfingiela, Stephen, 1964, and Siphonoides, Murina, 1967 (Sipuncula). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 96(4):669-674.
  8. ^ Cutler, Edward B. & Cutler, Norma J. (1987): Revision of the genus Golfingia (Sipuncula: Golfingiidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 100(4):735-761.
  9. ^ Cutler, Edward B. & Cutler, Norma J. (1985): A revision of the genera Phascolion Theel, and Onchnesoma Koren and Danielssen (Sipuncula). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 98(4):809-850.
  10. ^ Cutler, Edward B. & Cutler, Norma J. (1988): A revision of the genus Themistes. (Sipuncula). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 101(4):741-766.

External linksEdit