Sin-Muballit was the father of Hammurabi and the fifth Amorite king of the first dynasty (the Amorite Dynasty) of Babylonia, reigning c. 1748 to 1729 BC. He ruled over a relatively new and minor kingdom; however, he was the first ruler of Babylon to actually declare himself king of the city, and the first to expand the territory ruled by the city, and his son greatly expanded the Babylonian kingdom into the short lived Babylonian Empire.[1]

TitleKing of Babylon
Termc. 1748–1729 BC (short chronology)
Clay tablet and its sealed clay envelope. Legal document, listing of land and their distribution to several sons. From Sippar, Iraq. Old-Babylonian period. Reign of Sin-Muballit, 1812-1793 BCE (middle chronology). Vorderasiatisches Museum, Berlin, Germany


Sin-Muballit succeeded his father Apil-Sin. No inscriptions for either king are known.[2]

In Sin-Muballlit's 13th year, he repelled the army of Larsa, which was frequently in conflict with Babylon.[3] In the 17th year of his reign, Sin-Muballit took possession of the city of Isin and his power grew steadily over time as evidenced by his building and fortifying a number of towns. He abdicated due to failing health.[4]

Chronological noteEdit

There exists disagreement over the dating of the events of the first dynasty. The short chronology used in this article is the least accepted by scholars today. The middle chronology is recently the most preferred chronology and places events 64 years earlier than given here. There also exists a long chronology which places events 120 years earlier than given here. See Chronology of the Ancient Near East for details.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ A history of Babylonia and Assyria, Volume 1, Robert William Rogers, Eaton & Mains, 1900. pp. 387-388.
  2. ^ Old Babylonian period (1894-1595 BC), Douglas Frayne, University of Toronto Press, 1990. p. 330-331.
  3. ^ 'Sin-Muballit Year Names'
  4. ^ Babylonian legal and business documents: from the time of the first dynasty of Babylon, chiefly from Nippur, Arno Poebel, Dept. of Archaeology, University of Pennsylvania, 1909. p. 113.
Preceded by
Kings of Babylon
c. 1748–1729 BC
(short chronology)
Succeeded by