Siletiteniz (Kazakh: Сілетітеңіз, Sıletıteñız), also Seletyteniz, Seletytengiz is an endorheic salt lake located in the Ishim Plain, part of the West Siberian Plain. The lake lies partly in North Kazakhstan and in the Pavlodar Region, near the Russian border.

Siletiteniz
Сілетітеңіз
Siletiteniz 2022-04-24 Sentinel-2 L2A True color.jpg
Siletiteniz in 2022
Siletiteniz is located in Kazakhstan
Siletiteniz
Siletiteniz
Location in Kazakhstan
LocationPavlodar Region
North Kazakhstan Region
Coordinates53°17′N 73°16′E / 53.28°N 73.26°E / 53.28; 73.26Coordinates: 53°17′N 73°16′E / 53.28°N 73.26°E / 53.28; 73.26
Typeendorheic
Primary inflowsSileti
Basin countriesKazakhstan
Surface area777 km2 (300 sq mi)[1]
Max. depth3.2 m (10 ft)[1]
Water volume1.5 km3 (0.36 cu mi)[2]
Surface elevation64 m (210 ft)[2]

Teniz is Kazakh for "sea", while the etymology of Selety is less clear. One hypothesis is that it derives from Yeniseian *sēre, "stag."[3]

GeographyEdit

The lake basin covers 777 square kilometres (300 sq mi) but the actual area covered by water varies according to the seasons. The lake reaches a maximum depth of 3.2 metres (10 ft)[1] and has a volume of about 1.5 cubic kilometres (0.36 cu mi).[2] The northern and eastern shores are high and straight while the western shore is low-lying and indented, gradually giving way to salt marshes. Hydrogen sulfide is emitted from deposits at the bottom of the lake.[1] Smaller lake Kyzylkak lies 14 km (8.7 mi) to the east of its northern end, Teke lake 36 kilometers (22 mi) to the north, and Ulken-Karoy 60 km (37 mi) to the northwest.[4]

The lake is mainly fed by snow.[1] The river Sileti, which is 407 kilometres (253 mi) long and drains an area of 18,500 square kilometres (7,100 sq mi), sometimes reaches the lake during high water but usually dissipates into the marshes south of the lake.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Селетытениз (Seletyteniz) in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978 (in Russian).
  2. ^ a b c Herdendorf, Charles E. (1982). "Large Lakes of the World". Journal of Great Lakes Research. 8 (3): 379–412. doi:10.1016/S0380-1330(82)71982-3.
  3. ^ Blažek, Václav (1995). "Yenisseian Etymology of the North Kazaxstan Toponym Selety?" (PDF). Central Asiatic Journal. 39 (1): 9–10. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  4. ^ Google Earth
  5. ^ Селеты (Selety) in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978 (in Russian).