Signa is an opera originally conceived in four acts with music by the British composer Frederic H. Cowen[1] with a libretto by Gilbert Arthur à Beckett, with revisions by H.A. Rudall and Frederic Edward Weatherly after Ouida, with an Italian translation by Giannandrea Mazzucato, first performed in a reduced three-act version at the Teatro Dal Verme, Milan on 12 November 1893. It was later given in a two-act version at Covent Garden, London on 30 June 1894.


  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cowen, Frederic Hymen" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 346.
  • Cowen, F. H., My Art and My Friends, London, Arnold, 1913
  • Sadie, S. (ed.) (1980) The New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians, 5.
  • Burton, N., Grove Music Online (ed. Macy, L.) <>.
  • Parker, C. J. (2007), unpublished Ph.D Thesis (University of Durham, U.K.): 'The Music of Sir Frederic Hymen Cowen (1852–1935): a Critical Study'.