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Sierra Pelona Ridge

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The Sierra Pelona Ridge,[2] or the Sierra Pelona Mountains, is a ridge in the Transverse Ranges in Southern California.[3] Located in northwest Los Angeles County, the ridge is bordered on the north by the San Andreas fault and lies within and is surrounded by the Angeles National Forest.

Sierra Pelona Ridge
Sierra Pelona Mountains
Sierra Pelona Mountains.JPG
View from Santa Clarita
Highest point
PeakBurnt Peak[1]
Elevation5,791 ft (1,765 m)
Coordinates34°32′07″N 118°12′06″W / 34.53528°N 118.20167°W / 34.53528; -118.20167Coordinates: 34°32′07″N 118°12′06″W / 34.53528°N 118.20167°W / 34.53528; -118.20167
Geography
Sierra Pelona Ridge is located in California
Sierra Pelona Ridge
Sierra Pelona Ridge
Location of Sierra Pelona Ridge in California [2]
LocationLos Angeles
Parent rangeTransverse Ranges

GeographyEdit

The Sierra Pelona Mountains lie northwest of the San Gabriel Mountains, which are divided by the wide Soledad Canyon formation. The mountains are flanked to the south by the Santa Clarita Valley and separated from the Antelope Valley to the north by the San Andreas Fault. Toward the southeast lie Vasquez Rocks, thrust up by the fault. The Tejon Pass separates the Sierra Pelonas, the San Emigdios and the Tehachapis near Gorman and Lebec.

Within the Sierra Pelonas lie the rural areas of Three Points, Lake Hughes, Elizabeth Lake and Green Valley, as well as Liebre Mountain, Burnt Peak, Sawmill Mountain, Grass Mountain and Mount McDill.

ClimateEdit

The climate of the mountains is a Mediterranean climate. Summers are mostly dry but for the occasional thunderstorm, and winters comparatively cold and wet. Snowfall is infrequent due to the relatively low elevations of mountains within this ridge, with only the few tallest peaks regularly receiving snowfall during the winter.

EcologyEdit

Mainly the ridge falls under the California montane chaparral and woodlands ecoregion, excepting the northeastern flank's gradual slope into the Antelope Valley near Palmdale. The mountains are primarily covered in short grasses, scrub oak trees, yucca, and other chaparral shrubs. The ridge is prone to wildfires in the summer and fall, especially when the Santa Ana winds blow in from the Antelope Valley.

HydrologyEdit

 
Aerial view of the Sierra Pelona Mountains and San Andreas Fault

Three major tributaries of the Santa Clara River and numerous minor watercourses and washes drain the ridge: Castaic Creek, San Francisquito Creek, and Bouquet Creek.

Three sag ponds nestle within the narrow valley that divides the mountains from the Antelope Valley: Hughes Lake, Munz Lakes, and Elizabeth Lake.

Human historyEdit

Native American HabitationEdit

The Native population of California in the Sierra Pelona and Santa Susana Mountains included the Tataviam and Serrano people. They traded with the Tongva and Chumash to the south and west, until the Spanish colonization of the Americas relocated them from their homelands.

18th & 19th CenturiesEdit

The San Francisquito Canyon, which runs north-south through the mountains, served as a major wagon route between the Antelope and San Fernando Valleys. This corridor summited at San Francisquito Pass and was part of the El Camino Viejo - an alternate land route to the El Camino Real for reaching northern Spanish and Mexican colonial Alta California - as well as the Butterfield Overland Mail route.

20th CenturyEdit

The Ridge Route, a landmark two-lane highway that connected Los Angeles to the rest of California, was built along the western flank of the ridge and was completed in 1915. It was later bypassed by the Ridge Route Alternate (US 99) in 1930, itself superseded by Interstate 5 completed in 1971.

The rapid development of Southern California throughout the 20th century saw construction of the Los Angeles Aqueduct and five separate reservoirs to supply water to the region: Castaic Lake, Bouquet Reservoir, Drinkwater Reservoir, and Dry Canyon Reservoir and the St. Francis Reservoir, both now drained and destroyed.

Highest peaksEdit

 
Burnt Peak is the tallest mountain in the Sierra Pelona Mountains.
  • Burnt Peak 5,788 ft (1,764 m)
  • Liebre Mountain 5,760+ ft (1756+ m)
  • Sawmill Mountain 5,514 ft (1681 m)
  • Jupiter Mountain 4,498 ft (1,371 m)
  • Redrock Mountain (benchmark) 3,991 ft (1,216 m)

Adjacent landformsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Burnt Peak". Peakbagger.com.
  2. ^ a b "Sierra Pelona Ridge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2019-10-27.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: San Gabriel Mountains

See alsoEdit