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The Sierra Nevada del Cocuy Chita o Guican National Natural Park (or Sierra Nevada de Chita or Sierra Nevada de Güicán, Spanish: Parque Natural Sierra Nevada del Cocuy Chita o Guican is a national park and a set of highlands within the Cordillera Oriental mountain range in the Andes Mountains of Colombia.

Parque Natural Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita o Guican
Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita o Guican National Natural Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Pico Pan de Azucar.JPG
Pan de Azúcar (5120 m) in the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy
Map showing the location of Parque Natural Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita o Guican
Map showing the location of Parque Natural Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita o Guican
Location Departments of Arauca, Boyacá and Casanare
Nearest city Tame, Arauca, Colombia
Coordinates 06°26′00″N 72°17′00″W / 6.43333°N 72.28333°W / 6.43333; -72.28333Coordinates: 06°26′00″N 72°17′00″W / 6.43333°N 72.28333°W / 6.43333; -72.28333
Area 3,062 km2 (1,182 sq mi)
Established 1977
Governing body SINAP

Contents

Snow peaksEdit

The Park area contains several high peaks covered with snow:[1]

Pan de Azúcar (5120m), Diamante (4800 m), el Púlpito del Diablo (5100 m), Toti (4800 m), Portales (4800 m), Cóncavo (5200 m), Concavito (5100 m), San Pablines South (5180 m) and North (5200 m), Ritacuba Blanco (5330 m), Picacho (5030 m), Puntiagudo (5200 m), Ritacuba Negro (5300 m), el Castillo (5100 m), peak without name (5000 m), Sirara (5200 m).

An 1856 watercolor by Manuel María Paz is an early depiction of the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy in Casanare Province.[2]

Native peoplesEdit

Indigenous natives of the region are the U'wa (Tunebos) and their reservation overlaps the area of the park and thus part of the park is dedicated to their farming, grazing, hunting and fishing activities.[3][4]

From 1969 to 1977 in the area of the park and the surrounding area, the Colombian government promoted colonisation from elsewhere in Colombia. This resulted in loss of U'wa lands as well as other settlement enclaves within the park.[3]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "El Cocuy Boyacá"(in Spanish) (Retrieved on January 6, 2008)
  2. ^ Paz, Manuel María. "View of the Sierra Nevada del Cocuy, Chita, or Güicán, from Moreno, Province of Casanare". World Digital Library. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  3. ^ a b Cabrero, Ferran (ed.). "U'wa Dossier". UNESCO Centre de Catalunya (UNESCO Center of Catalonia). Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. 
  4. ^ "Comunicado del pueblo Uwa denuncia la incapacidad de Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia". Radio Macondo (in Spanish). 19 March 2016. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. 

External linksEdit