Siege of Vladimir

The siege of Vladimir was part of the Mongol invasion of Rus.

Siege of Vladimir
Part of Mongol invasion of Rus
Vladimir mongols.jpg
Mongols under the walls of Vladimir.
DateFebruary 3–8, 1238
Location56°08′N 40°25′E / 56.133°N 40.417°E / 56.133; 40.417Coordinates: 56°08′N 40°25′E / 56.133°N 40.417°E / 56.133; 40.417
Result Mongol victory
Belligerents
Mongol Empire Coat of Arms of Vladimir (1781).png Vladimir-Suzdal
Commanders and leaders
Batu Khan Prince Vsevolod Yuryevich 
Strength
At least one tumen (10,000) of nomad cavalry Few thousands civilians
Casualties and losses
Light Entire force, survivors enslaved

PreludeEdit

After the destruction of Ryazan on December 21, 1237, Grand Prince Yuri II left the capital city of Vladimir in charge of his son Vsevolod and fled to Yaroslavl,[1] seeking help from his cousins, Princes of Rostov and Novgorod.[2] However, the speed of the Mongols was such that Kolomna fell barely 10 days after Ryazan, and Moscow only 3 weeks later, leaving the people of Vladimir to fend for themselves.

SiegeEdit

The defense of Vladimir was entrusted to the Grand Prince's sons Vsevolod and Mstislav, but their forces were weak, as most of the army perished at the siege of Kolomna, hoping to stop the invaders on the border. Thus, after receiving word of the destruction of Kolomna in January 1238, Bishop Mitrofan let most of the citizens take monastic vows in order to prepare for their imminent death.[1][2] After weak resistance the city was taken on February 8, 1238.[3]

AftermathEdit

Receiving word of the siege of Vladimir, Grand Prince Yuri II attempted to reach the city and break the siege, but his small army was surrounded and defeated at the Battle of the Sit River.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Новгородская летопись". krotov.info (in Russian). Retrieved 2018-02-24.
  2. ^ a b "Никифоровская летопись. Никифорівський літопис. Том 35. Литовсько-білоруські літописи". litopys.org.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  3. ^ Grigorjevič., Jan, Vasilij (1991). Batu-kan : istorijski roman (in Serbian). Lobačev, Đorđe., BIGZ). Beograd: Prosveta. ISBN 8607005944. OCLC 438360055.