Siege of Montevideo (1812–1814)

The event known as Second Siege of Montevideo (Spanish: Segundo Sitio de Montevideo) took place between 1812 and 1814, when the patriotic troops led by José Rondeau besieged the city of Montevideo, still held by Spanish loyalists under the leadership of Gaspar de Vigodet, governor of Montevideo. The siege was successful and marked the end of the Spanish presence in present-day Uruguay.

Siege of Montevideo (1812–1814)
Part of the Second Banda Oriental campaign
Plano de Montevideo de 1813 (detalle).jpg
Map of Montevideo with besieging lines, 1813.
Date1812–1814
Location34°51′12″S 56°10′13″W / 34.85333°S 56.17028°W / -34.85333; -56.17028Coordinates: 34°51′12″S 56°10′13″W / 34.85333°S 56.17028°W / -34.85333; -56.17028
Result Patriot victory
Belligerents
United Provinces Spanish Empire
Commanders and leaders
Strength
4,000 7,000
Honorary shield granted to the troops after taking Montevidéu.

During this whole period and just like in the failed first siege of Montevideo, supplied from over the sea, the city held out, until 17 May 1814. Then, the naval victories of Admiral William Brown, cut off the supply route and the city faced starvation. By the end of June, Vigodet was forced to surrender Montevideo to General Carlos María de Alvear.

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