The siege of El Rahmaniya was initiated by a British-Ottoman force against the French troops in El Rahmaniya. After some engagements, the French troops surrendered the town to the allies.

Siege of El Rahmaniya (1801)
Part of the French Campaign in Egypt and Syria

An island can be seen between El Rahmaniya and Dessouk which the French and the Allies enagaed with each other.
Date9–10 May 1801
Result Anglo-Ottoman victory
 United Kingdom
Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
French First Republic French Republic
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland John Hely-Hutchinson
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland General Stewart
Ottoman Empire Kapudan Pasha
French First Republic Joseph Langrage
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,310 men
Ottoman Empire 3,800 men
Ottoman Empire 600 cavalry
3,319 infantry
600 cavalry
Casualties and losses
40 killed and wounded 20 killed and wounded
110 prisoners



Shortly after the capture of Fort Julien, the British general, Hutchinson, decided to take a decisive step. He pushed forward up the nile in order to capture the vital crossroads at El Rahmaniya, thus cutting off the French general, Jacques-François Menou, from the interior of Egypt. The British force consisted of 5,310 men led by General Stewart, while the Ottoman force consisted of 1,200 Albanians attached to Stewart's column, 1,100 Nizam I-Cedid, and 1,500 Bashi Bazouk, led by Kapudan Pasha.[1] The Allied troops received reinforcements of 600 Syrian cavalry from the Grand Vizier, although they were undisciplined and barely armed.[2][3][4] The French force at El Rahmaniya consisted of 3,319 infantry and 600 cavalry, led by Joseph Langrage.[5][6][7]



Hutchinson was confident in capturing El Rahmaniya; however, he was more focused on preventing the French general's escape. His first movement was to maneuver his forces to prevent his escape.[8] Meanwhile, General Stewart was planning to attack the French at Desouk.[9][10] He was spotted and in turn, the French dispatched 300–400 men to attack them. The Ottoman Albanian troops engaged with the French, allowing the British to take a position along the Nile.[11] The British and Ottoman gunboats began bombarding, although it was ineffective.[12] The French retreated to their boats, which were covered by batteries on an island that guarded the entrance to El Rahmaniya. The British artillery engaged with the French batteries. The French ended up retreating to El Rahmaniya Harbor.[13]

On the west bank of the Nile at noon, a French cavalry force left the town to meet the Allies. Hutchinson began forming an order of battle. The Ottomans took the left next the river, and the British took the Left and rear. The Ottomans advanced and took the front of the British left. The Battle began, and the Ottoman Syrian cavalry successfully kept the French troops in check, but the French brought forward a gun, forcing the Syrian cavalry to retreat. The British light dragoons instead came forward, and the French opened fire, and the British responded with their artillery, Both sides had no upper hand.[14]

Night fell and both sides stopped firing. On May 10, the rising sun revealed a white flag over the fort. Langrage had evacuated from El Rahmaniya, scuttling his remaining gunboats, throwing his artillery on the river, destroying his ammunition, and leaving 110 men to protect the sick and wounded who had surrendered to the allies. Each side had suffered more than 20 killed and wounded. The Kapudan Pasha was annoyed that no loot had been left and regretted the capitulation that had been granted.[15][16][17]


  1. ^ Stuart Reid
  2. ^ Stuart Reid
  3. ^ Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, p. 48
  4. ^ The Annual Register, p. 329
  5. ^ Stuart Reid
  6. ^ Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, p. 48
  7. ^ The Annual Register, p. 329
  8. ^ Stuart Reid
  9. ^ Stuart Reid
  10. ^ Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, p. 49
  11. ^ Stuart Reid
  12. ^ Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, p. 49
  13. ^ Stuart Reid
  14. ^ Stuart Reid
  15. ^ Stuart Reid
  16. ^ Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, p. 49-50
  17. ^ The Annual Register, p. 330


  • Stuart Reid (2021), Egypt 1801, The End of Napoleon's Eastern Empire.[1]
  • Wilson, Robert (1803). Narrative of the British Expedition to Egypt: Carefully Abridged from the History of that Campaign; with a Preliminary View of the Proceedings of the French Previous to the Arrival of the British Forces. W. Corbet.
  • The Annual Register, World Events, 1801.[2]